<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300001"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Goal Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX,
<p>HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On THURSDAY the 30th, and FRIDAY the 31st of May,</p>
<p>In the 18th Year of His MAJESTY's Reign.</p>
<p>BEING THE Fifth SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of the</p>
<p>Right Honble
<persName id="f17450530-1-person1"> Henry Marshall
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person1" type="surname" value="Marshall"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person1" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>NUMBER V.</p>
<p>Printed, and sold by M. COOPER, at the Globe in Pater-noster Row. 1745.</p>
<p>[Price Six-pence.]</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300002"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE</p>
<p>King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery held for the City of London, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable
<persName id="f17450530-1-person2" type="judiciaryName"> HENRY MARSHALL
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person2" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person2" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; Lord-Mayor of the City of London, Mr. Justice ABNEY, Mr.
<persName id="f17450530-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> Baron CLARKE
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person3" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person3" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Sir
<persName id="f17450530-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> SIMON URLIN
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person4" type="surname" value="URLIN"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person4" type="given" value="SIMON"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. Recorder, and others of His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the City of London, and Justices of Goal-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person5" type="jurorName"> John Rutt
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person5" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person6" type="jurorName"> John Chester
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person6" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person7" type="jurorName"> Anthony Wilkinson
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person7" type="given" value="Anthony"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person8" type="jurorName"> William Smith
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person8" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person8" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person9" type="jurorName"> Richard Scrooby
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person9" type="surname" value="Scrooby"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person9" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person10" type="jurorName"> John Brush
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person10" type="surname" value="Brush"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person10" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person11" type="jurorName"> Ebenezer Gardner
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person11" type="given" value="Ebenezer"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person12" type="jurorName"> Thomas Train
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person12" type="surname" value="Train"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person12" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person13" type="jurorName"> Thomas Reeve
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person13" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person14" type="jurorName"> Christopher Redshaw
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person14" type="surname" value="Redshaw"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person14" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person15" type="jurorName"> Edward Oseland
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person15" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person16" type="jurorName"> William Slater
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person16" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person17" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Goodwin
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person17" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person18" type="jurorName"> William Foster
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person18" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person19" type="jurorName"> William Thoyts
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person19" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person20" type="jurorName"> William Steele
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person20" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person21" type="jurorName"> Robert Theodorick
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person21" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Thomas Smith
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person22" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person23" type="jurorName"> Edward Gatton
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person23" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person24" type="jurorName"> Enoch Grigg
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person24" type="given" value="Enoch"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person25" type="jurorName"> Edward Brayne
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person25" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person26" type="jurorName"> John Bartholomew
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person26" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person27" type="jurorName"> Edward Grange
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person27" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17450530-1-person28" type="jurorName"> William Bryan
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<interp inst="f17450530-1-person28" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17450530-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<p>256. +
<persName id="t17450530-1-defend29" type="defendantName"> Edward Hill*
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<persName id="t17450530-1-victim31" type="victimName"> Thomas Ellis
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<p> *He was tried last December Sessions (with his son John Hill, who was then capitally convicted, and since executed) upon indictments for highway robberies, and acquitted. See Sessions Paper, Part I. Page 8. Trial 24. Page 9. Trial 27. and Page 10. Trial 29.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-1-person32"> Thomas Ellis
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-1-off2 t17450530-1-crimeloc5"/>; on the fourth of March the Prisoner was at my house, and I lost a silver tankard.</p>
<p>Q. What time did you lose it?</p>
<p>Ellis. At night; the Prisoner came in the morning, and staid till night.</p>
<p>Q. Was the tankard delivered to the Prisoner to drink out of?</p>
<p>Ellis. No.</p>
<p>Q. What was in the tankard?</p>
<p>Ellis. There was a tankard of hot, made of ale and gin, for some company.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to charge him with it?</p>
<p>Ellis. Because he was the last man that had it.</p>
<p>Q. Was he in the company ?</p>
<p>Ellis. He was not in the company, but he thrust himself into the company of the people who had the tankard, who were very creditable gentlemen.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Ellis. He had used my house about ten or twelve days before I lost the tankard, but I had very little knowledge of him.</p>
<p>Q. What trade is he?</p>
<p>Ellis. He is a
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-1-defend29 t17450530-1-deflabel6"/>, as he says.</p>
<p>Q. How soon did you see him again?</p>
<p>Ellis. I saw him about a fortnight afterwards, and then I seized him.</p>
<p>Q. Had you the tankard again?</p>
<p>Ellis. I never saw it since.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-1-person33"> Francis Child
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<interp inst="t17450530-1-person33" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I happened to be drinking at Mr. Ellis's with a next door neighbour of his, and saw
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300003"/> the tankard stand upon the table where the Prisoner was, and I saw the Prisoner take the tankard off the table, and move it upon the bench, and from the bench to the table again, and then from the table to the bench again, and he had got some old clothes which lay upon the bench, where he put the tankard. My neighbour and I went away about eleven o'clock, and left the tankard upon the bench with the old clothes.</p>
<p>Q. What business are you?</p>
<p>Child. I am a working goldsmith in the snuff-box way.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Mr. Child and another gentleman played six games at draughts, and I went away and left them there.</p>
<p>Ellis. Mr. Child went away before the Prisoner.</p>
<p>Crosby Plummer. I am a shoemaker. There was a tankard upon the table next the window, and the Prisoner had got some old clothes, and he put the clothes upon the bench next to the window, and he put the tankard too upon the bench close by the clothes, and moved the tankard several times off and on the table.</p>
<p>Q. What time was that?</p>
<p>Plummer. It was about half an hour after ten, and then I went home: the Prisoner was the last man I saw have the tankard.</p>
<p>Jury. Were the clothes in a bag, or loose?</p>
<p>Plummer. They were loose.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-1-person34"> Samuel Tilley
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<interp inst="t17450530-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an upholsterer, I have known the Prisoner about four or five years, and I always looked upon him to be a very honest man.</p>
<p>Q. What business is he?</p>
<p>Tilley. He is a taylor.</p>
<p>Q. Was you ever here before to speak in his behalf?</p>
<p>Tilley. I was desired to appear here about last Christmas.</p>
<p>Q. What was you here for?</p>
<p>Tilley. I was desired by his friends to be here to testify what I knew of him, that he was an honest man, but there was a sufficient number of persons here to his character.</p>
<p>Q. What was he tried for?</p>
<p>Tilley. He was tried for a robbery.</p>
<p>Q. Was not there a relation of his tried here?</p>
<p>Tilley. I believe there was a son of his tried here. I believe he was executed.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-1-person35"> Thomas Wilson
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<interp inst="t17450530-1-person35" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner about twelve years.</p>
<p>Q. Where does he live?</p>
<p>Wilson. He lives in Old Street now.</p>
<p>Q. Is he a housekeeper?</p>
<p>Wilson. He keeps a little house in a court in Old Street.</p>
<p>Q. What is the name of the court?</p>
<p>Wilson. I cannot tell, I have not been twice in it.</p>
<p>Q. Where did he live before?</p>
<p>Wilson. He lived in Baldwin's Gardens.</p>
<p>Q. How long did he live there?</p>
<p>Wilson. I believe about five or six months.</p>
<p>Q. Where did he live before?</p>
<p>Wilson. I cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. What trade is he?</p>
<p>Wilson. He is a taylor; I have worked with him off and on about eleven or twelve years.</p>
<p>Q. Are you a master or a journeyman?</p>
<p>Wilson. I am a master.</p>
<p>Q. What is your opinion of him as to his honesty?</p>
<p>Wilson. He has done very honestly by me for what I know; I know nothing to the contrary.</p>
<p>Q. Was you ever here before?</p>
<p>Wilson. Yes; I appeared for him before.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-1-person36"> Elizabeth Tandy
<interp inst="t17450530-1-person36" type="surname" value="Tandy"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-1-person36" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-1-person36" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner about five or six months, he lodged in my house.</p>
<p>Q. Does he lodge with you now?</p>
<p>Wilson. He has not lodged with me these two months.</p>
<p>Q. How long did he lodge with you?</p>
<p>Tandy. About three months.</p>
<p>Q. What hours did he keep?</p>
<p>Tandy. When he lived with me he kept very good hours.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know of his being at the White Hart in Golden Lane?</p>
<p>Tandy. I have heard of his being charged with these things: he was accused with carrying this tankard away in his garments, but he came backward and forward after this in a mean way, and wanted to borrow some half-pence of me.</p>
<p>Q. When was the Prisoner taken up?</p>
<p>Tandy. About three weeks ago, or thereabout.</p>
<p>Jury. Was the Prisoner the last person in the room?</p>
<p>Ellis. My brother was in the room after the Prisoner went out.</p>
<p>Jury. Did you miss the tankard upon the Prisoner's going away?</p>
<p>Ellis. Yes; immediately upon his going out of the house.</p>
<p>Jury. Who went out of the house last?</p>
<p>Ellis. My brother went out last, and as soon as he was gone out of the house I followed him, and called out to let him know the tankard was lost.
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<persName id="t17450530-2-person41"> Mark Sanders
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person41" type="surname" value="Sanders"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person41" type="given" value="Mark"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am gardener to 'Squire Hedges. On Thursday the ninth of May this sun-dial was upon the pedestal in a gravel walk in the garden.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Sanders. I do not know the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-2-person42"> John Gregory
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person42" type="surname" value="Gregory"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person42" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person42" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a founder in Shoe Lane. On the 11th of May I bought a dial of the Prisoner, the cock [the gnomon] was off, and the arms were erased out.</p>
<p>Q. to Sanders. Had it a gnomon upon it when it was in your master's garden?</p>
<p>Sanders. It had a gnomon to it.</p>
<p>Q. to Gregory. What did you give for it?</p>
<p>Gregory. I bought it as old brass, I gave him nine shillings and a peny; it weighed thirteen pounds two ounces; and he brought two brass candlesticks feet, and part of a knocker.</p>
<p>Q. What did you take him to be?</p>
<p>Gregory. I believed he dealt in old pewter and old brass, and such things. He told me he was a country dealer, and used to buy up these things in the country. I have had a great deal of trouble in this case in taking the Prisoner, and if I had not taken him, I might probably have stood in his shoes.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I sell Tunbridge ware, and have dealt that way a great many years.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-2-person43"> John Legg
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person43" type="surname" value="Legg"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person43" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person43" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am gardener to Squire Hedges under
<persName id="t17450530-2-person44"> Mark Sanders
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person44" type="surname" value="Sanders"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person44" type="given" value="Mark"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I saw this dial standing in the garden where it was fixed on the 9th of May about nine o'clock, or five minutes after nine in the morning. I looked at it at breakfast hour, and it was there: I will take my oath I saw it there then, and I went to look for it the next day about five minutes after eleven, and it was gone.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Legg. I do not know that ever I saw his face.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-2-person45"> Thomas Wright
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person45" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person45" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person45" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (mathematical instrument maker to his Majesty.) I made this dial for Mr. Hedges, and set it up myself; the arms are erased, but my name was engraved so deep, that they could not get that off, though they have been endeavouring at it. It was a very neat one; Mr. Hedges gave me five guineas and a half for it.</p>
<p>Q. to the Prisoner. How did you come by it?</p>
<p>Prisoner. I bought it at Highgate of a man who looked like a gardener.</p>
<p>Q. Are either of those two men [Sanders and Legg] the person?</p>
<p>Prisoner. Neither of them is the person I bought it of.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-2-person46"> William Blincoe
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person46" type="surname" value="Blincoe"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person46" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person46" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner about three years.</p>
<p>Q. What is his business?</p>
<p>Blincoe. He used to go about with Tunbridge ware.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see him sell any?</p>
<p>Blincoe. No; my dame used to deal with him.</p>
<p>Q. What is the Prisoner's character?</p>
<p>Blincoe. I take him to be an honest man.</p>
<p>Q. Where is his settlement?</p>
<p>Blincoe. His settlement is in London.</p>
<p>Q. What is your business?</p>
<p>Blincoe. I keep a publick house, the White Swan in Islington.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I have lain at your house, and you never knew any thing amiss of me, I am sure.</p>
<p>Blincoe. He has lain at my house, and he never wronged me.</p>
<p>Q. to the Prisoner. Where is your settlement?</p>
<p>Prisoner. My lodging is where I come; when I come to London. I lodge at Mr. Price's house.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-2-person47"> Samuel Price
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person47" type="surname" value="Price"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person47" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person47" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a publick house at the White Hart in Chancery lane; I have kept the house a year and an half, and he lodged there before I came to it.</p>
<p>Q. Has he any family?</p>
<p>Price. He has a wife and a child; his wife lies in at my house now; she used to travel with him.</p>
<p>Q. Did he return every night?</p>
<p>Price. No, sometimes he staid away two or three days together.</p>
<p>Q. What business do you take him to be of?</p>
<p>Price. He travels about the country with wooden ware.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-2-person48"> William Tovey
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person48" type="surname" value="Tovey"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person48" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-2-person48" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a razor maker in Middle Row in Holborn. The prisoner and his wife used to go about the country with an elderly woman who sold turnery ware; she is I believe almost ninety years of age, and past her business, and he took the business up.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see them travel with goods?</p>
<p>Tovey. I never saw them travel; I have seen him carry goods out.</p>
<p>Q. What is his character?</p>
<p>Tovey. I never heard of any dishonestly by him.
<rs id="t17450530-2-verdict12" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-2-verdict12" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17450530-2-punish13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-2-punish13" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-2-defend38 t17450530-2-punish13"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17450530-3">
<interp inst="t17450530-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3" type="year" value="1745"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17450530"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3" type="date" value="17450530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17450530-3-off15-c46" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-3-defend50 t17450530-3-off15 t17450530-3-verdict19"/>
<persName id="t17450530-3-defend50" type="defendantName"> Sarah Davis
<interp inst="t17450530-3-defend50" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-defend50" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-defend50" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17450530-3-defloc14">St. Giles's in the Fields</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-defloc14" type="placeName" value="St. Giles's in the Fields"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-defloc14" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-3-defend50 t17450530-3-defloc14"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-3-off15" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-3-off15" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-off15" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a pair of stays, val. 4. s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-3-victim52" type="victimName"> John Girdler
<interp inst="t17450530-3-victim52" type="surname" value="Girdler"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-victim52" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-victim52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-3-off15 t17450530-3-victim52"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17450530-3-cd16" type="crimeDate">May 27</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-3-off15 t17450530-3-cd16"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-3-person53"> Mary Girdler
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person53" type="surname" value="Girdler"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person53" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person53" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .
<rs id="t17450530-3-viclabel17" type="occupation">I keep an old clothes shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-3-victim52 t17450530-3-viclabel17"/> in
<placeName id="t17450530-3-crimeloc18">Monmouth street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-crimeloc18" type="placeName" value="Monmouth street"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-crimeloc18" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-3-off15 t17450530-3-crimeloc18"/>; the prisoner and another young woman came to my house to buy a pair of stays, and bought a pair, and gave me eleven shillings for
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300005"/> them; she came again, and said, they did not sit, and asked me if I would change them; I said, yes, with all my heart: she had a bundle, which she said was the lining of a gown, and desired leave to tie it up upon the counter; I saw a little bit of a pair of stays; and said, young woman, you seem as if you had got a pair of stays there; she said, so she had; I desired to look at them, she let me see them, and then I knew them to be mine, and I took them from her. According to my information, the prisoner has not done any such thing before, and if your Lordship and the Jury will please to forgive her, I shall be very glad.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-3-person54"> Elizabeth Thorp
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person54" type="surname" value="Thorp"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person54" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person54" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I mended these stays, and I am sure they are Mrs. Girdler's.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-3-person55"> Elizabeth Hasser
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person55" type="surname" value="Hasser"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person55" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person55" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live at Rotherhith, the prisoner is a Mantua maker, she has worked for me a great many years, and I never knew any thing of her, but what was pretty, modest and virtuous; she always behaved in a very sober manner.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-3-person56"> Elizabeth Noble
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person56" type="surname" value="Noble"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person56" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person56" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live with Mrs. Hasser. I have known the prisoner three or four years, and she always behaved herself in a very handsom manner.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-3-person57"> Elizabeth Calvert
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person57" type="surname" value="Calvert"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person57" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person57" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner about six years, and have employed her to do a great deal of business; and I believe her to be honest.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-3-person58"> Mary Metcalf
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person58" type="surname" value="Metcalf"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person58" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person58" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known the gentlewoman six or seven years, and have helped her to a great deal of business, and she always behaved in a very handsom manner.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-3-person59"> Dorothy Fox
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person59" type="surname" value="Fox"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person59" type="given" value="Dorothy"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-person59" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known her eight or nine years, and never heard any ill of her. I have recommended her to several families, and she always behaved very well, and had a very good character.
<rs id="t17450530-3-verdict19" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-3-verdict19" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-verdict19" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs> </p>
<p>The Jury recommended her to the favour of the Court.</p>
<rs id="t17450530-3-punish20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-3-punish20" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-3-punish20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-3-defend50 t17450530-3-punish20"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17450530-4">
<interp inst="t17450530-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4" type="year" value="1745"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17450530"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4" type="date" value="17450530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17450530-4-off22-c55" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-4-defend60 t17450530-4-off22 t17450530-4-verdict24"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17450530-4-off22-c58" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-4-defend65 t17450530-4-off22 t17450530-4-verdict24"/>
<persName id="t17450530-4-defend60" type="defendantName"> Rose Robinson
<interp inst="t17450530-4-defend60" type="surname" value="Robinson"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-defend60" type="given" value="Rose"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-defend60" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17450530-4-defloc21">St. James's Westminster</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-defloc21" type="placeName" value="St. James's Westminster"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-defloc21" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-4-defend60 t17450530-4-defloc21"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-4-defend65 t17450530-4-defloc21"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-4-off22" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-4-off22" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-off22" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a linen gown, value 10s. a cambrick laced cap, value 2 s. and two linen caps, value 3 s. the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-4-victim62" type="victimName"> Mary Howard
<interp inst="t17450530-4-victim62" type="surname" value="Howard"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-victim62" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-victim62" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and a gown, value 5s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-4-victim64" type="victimName"> Robert Dawson
<interp inst="t17450530-4-victim64" type="surname" value="Dawson"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-victim64" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-victim64" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17450530-4-defend65" type="defendantName"> May 27th
<interp inst="t17450530-4-defend65" type="surname" value="27th"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-defend65" type="given" value="May"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-defend65" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17450530-4-person66"> Mary Howard
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person66" type="surname" value="Howard"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person66" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person66" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner about two months, she was a
<rs id="t17450530-4-deflabel23" type="occupation">chairwoman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-4-defend60 t17450530-4-deflabel23"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-4-defend65 t17450530-4-deflabel23"/>, and lodged in my brother Dawson's house. She confessed she pawned the things to
<persName id="t17450530-4-person67"> Ann Shewell
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person67" type="surname" value="Shewell"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person67" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person67" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17450530-4-person68"> Elizabeth Dawson
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person68" type="surname" value="Dawson"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person68" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person68" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner was a chairwoman, and had a room in my house. She owned that she took the things, and had pawned them, [the gowns were produced, and owned by the prosecutors.]</p>
<persName id="t17450530-4-person69"> Ann Shewell
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person69" type="surname" value="Shewell"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person69" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person69" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17450530-4-person70"> Rachael Bradshaw
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person70" type="surname" value="Bradshaw"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person70" type="given" value="Rachael"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person70" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , two pawnbrokers proved the taking the goods in from the prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-4-person71"> James Agnew
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person71" type="surname" value="Agnew"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person71" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-4-person71" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Mrs. Dawson sent for me last Monday morning to search her house for these things, because she had a suspicion of the prisoner's being a thief. I went into the prisoner's room, and there Mrs. Dawson found a shaving cloth, that she said was her's then I took the prisoner, and she owned she had taken the gow ns and pawned them in Berwick street, Soho, where I found them; the gowns were wet when I first had them; I found the three caps pawned in the name of Rose Robinson, and the people could not tell who took them in. The mistress said she did not, and the maid said she did not; but it appeared that the ticket which was upon the goods that were pawned was of the mistress's handwriting.
<rs id="t17450530-4-verdict24" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-4-verdict24" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17450530-4-punish25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-4-punish25" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-4-defend60 t17450530-4-punish25"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-4-defend65 t17450530-4-punish25"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17450530-5">
<interp inst="t17450530-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-5" type="year" value="1745"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17450530"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-5" type="date" value="17450530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17450530-5-off27-c65" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-5-defend73 t17450530-5-off27 t17450530-5-verdict32"/>
<persName id="t17450530-5-defend73" type="defendantName"> Alexander Connell
<interp inst="t17450530-5-defend73" type="surname" value="Connell"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-5-defend73" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-5-defend73" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17450530-5-defloc26">St. Martin's in the Fields</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-5-defloc26" type="placeName" value="St. Martin's in the Fields"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-5-defloc26" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-5-defend73 t17450530-5-defloc26"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-5-off27" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-5-off27" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-5-off27" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing three silver spoons, value 21 s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-5-victim75" type="victimName"> James Merle Delerant
<interp inst="t17450530-5-victim75" type="surname" value="Delerant"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-5-victim75" type="given" value="James Merle"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-5-victim75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-5-off27 t17450530-5-victim75"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17450530-5-cd28" type="crimeDate">May 10th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-5-off27 t17450530-5-cd28"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-5-person76"> James Merle Delerant
<interp inst="t17450530-5-person76" type="surname" value="Delerant"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-5-person76" type="given" value="James Merle"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-5-person76" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .
<rs id="t17450530-5-viclabel29" type="occupation">I keep the Half Moon Tavern</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-5-victim75 t17450530-5-viclabel29"/> in
<placeName id="t17450530-5-crimeloc30">the Strand</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-5-crimeloc30" type="placeName" value="the Strand"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-5-crimeloc30" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-5-off27 t17450530-5-crimeloc30"/>; I lost the spoons, and had a suspicion that the prisoner had taken them, and he owned it.</p>
<p>Q. What is the prisoner?</p>
<p>Merle Delerant. He is a
<rs id="t17450530-5-deflabel31" type="occupation">gentleman's servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-5-defend73 t17450530-5-deflabel31"/> who lodges in my house. The master and man both lodge there.</p>
<p>Q. What is the prisoner's master?</p>
<p>Merle Delerant. He is a young officer in the marine service. These are my spoons, they are marked I. M. D. my surname is Merle Delerant.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-5-person77"> John Kincade
<interp inst="t17450530-5-person77" type="surname" value="Kincade"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-5-person77" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-5-person77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner brought these spoons to me the 10th of May; I bought one first, and two afterwards.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to buy them?</p>
<p>Kincade. He looked like a gentleman then, and I had no reason to suspect him. They are marked with the same letters as Mr. Merle Delerant speaks of.</p>
<p>Q. Did not you see the letters when he brought them?</p>
<p>Kincade. I did not mind the letters.</p>
<p>Q. What did you give him for them?</p>
<p>Kincade. I gave him 5 s. 7 d. an ounce for them, which is two pence an ounce more than any other person would give; because I bought them to hang up for sale.
<rs id="t17450530-5-verdict32" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-5-verdict32" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-5-defend73 t17450530-5-punish33"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17450530-6-defend79" type="defendantName"> Peter Delander
<interp inst="t17450530-6-defend79" type="surname" value="Delander"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-6-defend79" type="given" value="Peter"/>
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<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-6-defend79 t17450530-6-defloc34"/>, was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17450530-6-off35" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-6-off35" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> stealing one book entitled, The reports of the learned Sir
<persName id="t17450530-6-person80"> Henry Hobart
<interp inst="t17450530-6-person80" type="surname" value="Hobart"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-6-person80" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-6-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> knight, value 6d. and five other books, value 5s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-6-victim81" type="victimName"> Thomas King
<interp inst="t17450530-6-victim81" type="surname" value="King"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-6-victim81" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-6-victim81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-6-off35 t17450530-6-victim81"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17450530-6-cd36" type="crimeDate">May 6th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-6-off35 t17450530-6-cd36"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-6-person82"> Thomas King
<interp inst="t17450530-6-person82" type="surname" value="King"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-6-person82" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-6-person82" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 6th of May I lost these books in my shop window.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-6-person83"> George King
<interp inst="t17450530-6-person83" type="surname" value="King"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-6-person83" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-6-person83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I saw the prisoner cover these books with a brown linen apron in my brother's shop window, and he took them off the window and carried them I believe twenty or thirty yards. I was in the street and saw him take them: there was another person with the prisoner; but the Grand jury have not thought proper to find the bill against him.
<rs id="t17450530-6-verdict37" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-6-verdict37" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-6-defend79 t17450530-6-punish38"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>262, 263. +
<persName id="t17450530-7-defend85" type="defendantName"> Charles Collyer
<interp inst="t17450530-7-defend85" type="surname" value="Collyer"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-defend85" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-defend85" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17450530-7-defend86" type="defendantName"> Richard Farmer
<interp inst="t17450530-7-defend86" type="surname" value="Farmer"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-defend86" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-defend86" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17450530-7-defloc39">St. Botolph without Bishopsgate</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-defloc39" type="placeName" value="St. Botolph without Bishopsgate"/>
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<interp inst="t17450530-7-off40" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-off40" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing a silver pint mug, val. 4 l. the property of
<persName id="t17450530-7-victim88" type="victimName"> Thomas Creed
<interp inst="t17450530-7-victim88" type="surname" value="Creed"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-victim88" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-victim88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-7-off40 t17450530-7-victim88"/> </persName> , in his dwelling house </rs>,
<rs id="t17450530-7-cd41" type="crimeDate">April 20th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-7-off40 t17450530-7-cd41"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-7-person89"> Thomas Creed
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person89" type="surname" value="Creed"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person89" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person89" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .
<rs id="t17450530-7-viclabel42" type="occupation">I keep a publick house</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-7-victim88 t17450530-7-viclabel42"/> at
<placeName id="t17450530-7-crimeloc43">the Bell and Magpye without Bishopsgate</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-crimeloc43" type="placeName" value="the Bell and Magpye without Bishopsgate"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-crimeloc43" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-7-off40 t17450530-7-crimeloc43"/>. I came home the evening the mug was lost, about ten minutes before ten o'clock: when I came to the door, I saw one free of my house shut up, the door was bolted, and my maid was charging the prisoners with conveying the mug away, and they denied they knew any thing of it.</p>
<p>Q. Do you lose the mug ?</p>
<p>Creed I was found under the One Swan gateway in Bishopsgate street.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-7-person90"> Lydia Kyte
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person90" type="surname" value="Kyte"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person90" type="given" value="Lydia"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person90" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoners came into my master's house, and called for a pint of beer; I filled it for them, and put it upon the table.</p>
<p>Q. What time was that?</p>
<p>Kyte. It was between seven and eight. I went round the house to count the tankards and mugs; when I came to the table where the prisoners sat, I missed the man in the blue coat [Collyer] and the mug (my master has seven silver tankards, and six mugs. )</p>
<p>Q. Had the prisoners the silver mug to drink out of ?</p>
<p>Kyte. They had a pewter pot first, but Collyer gave me the silver mug afterwards to draw the beer in. Collyer went out, and came in again presently, and then I charged him with taking the mug, and charged a constable with him directly.</p>
<p>Prisoner Farmer. The young woman told me she set the mug down before me, and it was other people that had the mug.</p>
<p>Kyte. I set the mug down before you.</p>
<p>Farmer. Did I ever go out of the house or offer to go out of the house?</p>
<p>Kyte. I don't know that you did; the pewter pot stood down by you, and the beer was poured out of the silver mug into the pewter pot.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-7-person91"> Joseph Kennell
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person91" type="surname" value="Kennell"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person91" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I went it into the house just before the prisoner came in, and had a pint of ale in a silver mug; they had a pint of beer in a pewter pot. Collyer came in with something in a dirty cloth; and they said, what have you got there? he said, a fillet of veal, what, said they, in that dirty bag? Upon that he threw it out, and there was two or three trowels of mortar in it, which he threw behind the chimney, and said, he would make a cross bunn of it. I went away soon after, and the maid said, the minute I was gone they gave her the mug to fill. I went from Mr. Creed's to the Founders arms in Founders court, and was sent for back again directly. I was not twenty minutes out of the house before I came back again.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-7-person92"> Charles Pollard
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person92" type="surname" value="Pollard"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person92" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live down the One Swan yard. I found the mug the 13th of this month, in the yard, close up by the side of a wheel spur covered with mud.</p>
<p>Q. Had it a name upon it?</p>
<p>Pollard. I did not know it had, till the people said, they would be hanged if it was not Mr. Creed's mug, and they looked, and there was his name round the bottom of it.</p>
<p>Prisoner Collyer. I bid the maid not to frighten herself about the mug, for I would not go out of the house till she was satisfied, and I staid till the constable came, which was eleven o'clock; it was about ten o'clock when the watchmen came down, and I said, Mr. Creed, I will not make any resistance, for I am innocents and we went with the watchmen to the watch-house, and from the watch-house to the Counter without any constable.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the mug after Kennell was gone?</p>
<p>Kyte. Yes, and Collyer presently afterwards gave me the mug to fill.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-7-person93"> Ann Lucas
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person93" type="surname" value="Lucas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person93" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person93" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known
<persName id="t17450530-7-person94"> Charles Collyer
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person94" type="surname" value="Collyer"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person94" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person94" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> about five years; he is sometimes a labourer, and sometimes he goes to sea; he belonged to the Shrewsbury man of war, and belongs to it now.</p>
<p>Q. What is his character?</p>
<p>Lucas. I believe he is an honest man for a worldly man - that is, a hard working man.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-7-person95"> John Lucas
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person95" type="surname" value="Lucas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person95" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-7-person95" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Collyer about three years, I never heard any body say but that he was an honest man, and worked hard for his living.</p>
<p>- Jones. I have known him twelve years, and he always was reckoned a hard working, honest man.</p>
<p>Creed. This witness, Mr. Lucas, came to my house last Saturday, and because I would not take bail,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300007"/> he said, I should not keep the Bell and Magpye next week.
<rs id="t17450530-7-verdict44" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-7-verdict44" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17450530-8-defend96" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Stavenaugh* , otherwise
<rs id="t17450530-8-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-8-defend96 t17450530-8-alias-1"/>Elizabeth the
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-8-defend96 t17450530-8-deflabel45"/> of
<persName id="t17450530-8-person98"> Francis Howell
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<interp inst="t17450530-8-person98" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person98" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-defend96" type="surname" value="Stavenaugh* Howell"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-defend96" type="given" value="Elizabeth Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-defend96" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17450530-8-defloc46">St. Andrew Holborn</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-defloc46" type="placeName" value="St. Andrew Holborn"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-defloc46" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-8-defend96 t17450530-8-defloc46"/>, was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17450530-8-off47" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-off47" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> stealing six yards of checked linen, value 6 s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-8-victim100" type="victimName"> Margaret Goddard
<interp inst="t17450530-8-victim100" type="surname" value="Goddard"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-victim100" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-victim100" type="gender" value="female"/>
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<rs id="t17450530-8-cd48" type="crimeDate">March 27th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-8-off47 t17450530-8-cd48"/>.</p>
<p> * She lived with
<persName id="t17450530-8-person101"> Henry White
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person101" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person101" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person101" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in Shoe lane, who was convicted last sessions for stealing two pieces of printed linen and cotton from Mrs. Goddard [the present Prosecutrix] upon the evidence of
<persName id="t17450530-8-person102"> Sarah Bibby
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person102" type="surname" value="Bibby"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person102" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person102" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and is transported. See sessions paper Number 4. page 107 trial 202.</p>
<p>[Mrs. Goddard being a Frenchwoman, and not understanding English, an interpreter was sworn.]</p>
<p>Mrs. Goddard said she lives in
<placeName id="t17450530-8-crimeloc49">Moor street by the Seven Dials</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-crimeloc49" type="placeName" value="Moor street by the Seven Dials"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-8-off47 t17450530-8-crimeloc49"/>, that about five or six weeks ago, she lost two remnants of checked linen out of her shop (which were produced in court.) She was asked, whether she knew the prisoner, but being ancient, and her sight bad, she went to the bar to look at the prisoner, and said, she believed she had seen her in her shop.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-8-person103"> Sarah Bibby
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person103" type="surname" value="Bibby"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person103" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person103" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> [a girl about fourteen years of age.] About six weeks ago, the prisoner went along with Cobler [John Price, a little boy who was convicted last sessions and transported.]
<persName id="t17450530-8-person104"> Sarah Soames
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person104" type="surname" value="Soames"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person104" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person104" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> [convicted last sessions for receiving stolen goods] and myself into a shop by St. Giles's, under pretence of buying an apron; we saw no body there, and when we came in, that old gentlewoman [Mrs. Goddard] was asleep; there were two pieces of checks lying upon the counter, which Howell took, and put into a great round-about apron, and went away with them, and gave them to Soames, and she let them fall, and then the prisoner took them up again; she gave us 18 d. a piece for our shares. She persuaded me to go from my mother, and go along with them; and because I would not go with them to smother the old gentlewoman -</p>
<p>Q. What do you mean by smother?</p>
<p>Bibby. To throw a cloth over her face, and rob the shop; and because I would not do that, the prisoner stuck a fork into my leg. The prisoner and Soames pawned the things at Mrs. Collin's in Fetter lane.</p>
<p>Q. Have you been with her at other times?</p>
<p>Bibby. Yes: she used to go frequently into the city, and rob people.</p>
<p>Prisoner. She is forced to swear this, or else she would not swear it.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-8-person105"> Elizabeth Collins
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person105" type="surname" value="Collins"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person105" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person105" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . On the 27th of March the prisoner brought these checks to my house to pawn.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the prisoner?</p>
<p>Collins. I have known her sometime by being in the neighbourhood, but I never took her to be a thief before; but finding afterwards that she was concerned in this way, and the checks being described, I stopped her in my own shop.</p>
<p>Prisoner. She takes in pawns for a halfpeny worth of gin, and I being a market woman, and an honest woman, people carry things in my name, and they will give more upon them than if they were not brought in my name.</p>
<p>Bibby. She sent her mother to my father to offer me a shilling if I would not appear against her.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I have no mother.</p>
<p>Bibby. It is your husband's mother.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-8-person106"> Elizabeth Buckley
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person106" type="surname" value="Buckley"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person106" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person106" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The Prisoner harbours children to run them: my child has gone a thieving with her, and is transported. I found this Bibby there, and beat her, and broke my horse-whip to pieces upon her, though I had no concern with her.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-8-person107"> Sarah Moore
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person107" type="surname" value="Moore"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person107" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person107" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . This Bibby came several times to the goal, swore and cursed, and said she would put her into the information; and the Prisoner said if you do, you will put me in wrongfully; and Bibby said, I cast five last sessions, and I will cast you for your life this sessions, and put some clothes on my back.</p>
<p>Bibby. What day was that?</p>
<p>Moore. I cannot tell what day it was.</p>
<p>Bibby. Is it a fortnight ago?</p>
<p>Moore. It is less than a week; you came several times.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Moore. I am a Prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. What are you confined for?</p>
<p>Moore. I am confined for a robbery of a handkerchief.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-8-person108"> Martha Biggs
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person108" type="surname" value="Biggs"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person108" type="given" value="Martha"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person108" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Bibby has come and insulted the Prisoner, and the Prisoner said she was in wrongfully; and Bibby said she had hanged five or six last sessions, and she would hang a great many more.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear her say she had hanged any body?</p>
<p>Biggs. She said she had convicted five people last sessions.</p>
<p>Bibby. What day was that?</p>
<p>Biggs. I can't tell, you was there several times.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300008"/>Bibby. This
<persName id="t17450530-8-person109"> Sarah Moore*
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person109" type="surname" value="Moore*"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person109" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person109" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> kept a house in Black Boy Alley, and harboured thieves. She goes by the name of
<persName id="t17450530-8-person110"> Phillis Cox
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person110" type="surname" value="Cox"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person110" type="given" value="Phillis"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person110" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , otherwise Booker.</p>
<p>* She was tried this sessions for privately stealing a from Mr.
<persName id="t17450530-8-person111"> Henry Barnes
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person111" type="surname" value="Barnes"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person111" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person111" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and acquitted.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-8-person112"> Sarah Bibby
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person112" type="surname" value="Bibby"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person112" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-8-person112" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> came to me, and said she was sorry she had charged me, for I was innocent.
<rs id="t17450530-8-verdict50" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-8-verdict50" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17450530-8-punish51" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-8-punish51" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-8-defend96 t17450530-8-punish51"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17450530-9">
<interp inst="t17450530-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-9" type="year" value="1745"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17450530"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-9" type="date" value="17450530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17450530-9-off53-c99" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-9-defend114 t17450530-9-off53 t17450530-9-verdict57"/>
<persName id="t17450530-9-defend114" type="defendantName"> Thomas Spike
<interp inst="t17450530-9-defend114" type="surname" value="Spike"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-9-defend114" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-9-defend114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17450530-9-defloc52">St. Paul's Covent Garden</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-9-defloc52" type="placeName" value="St. Paul's Covent Garden"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-9-defloc52" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-9-defend114 t17450530-9-defloc52"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-9-off53" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-9-off53" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-9-off53" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a gold watch, value 10 l. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-9-victim116" type="victimName"> John Friend
<interp inst="t17450530-9-victim116" type="surname" value="Friend"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-9-victim116" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-9-victim116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-9-off53 t17450530-9-victim116"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17450530-9-viclabel54" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-9-victim116 t17450530-9-viclabel54"/>;
<rs id="t17450530-9-cd55" type="crimeDate">May 15</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-9-off53 t17450530-9-cd55"/>.</p>
<p>Mr. Masters. On the 15th instant I was informed that
<persName id="t17450530-9-person117"> Thomas Spike
<interp inst="t17450530-9-person117" type="surname" value="Spike"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-9-person117" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-9-person117" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the Prisoner, who was then my
<rs id="t17450530-9-deflabel56" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-9-defend114 t17450530-9-deflabel56"/>, was taken up for a robbery, and I found that he had taken this watch from me. It is not my watch, it is the property of Mr. Friend, though it was in my possession. I very little suspected him, because he always behaved himself handsomly and well.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-9-person118"> Nathaniel Brown
<interp inst="t17450530-9-person118" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-9-person118" type="given" value="Nathaniel"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-9-person118" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 15th of May my servant called me, and I was told the Prisoner had brought a gold watch to pawn. I asked him whether it was his own; he said it was. I asked him whose servant he was; he said he was my Lord Bollingbroke's servant; I said, I believed my Lord was not in town. I asked him how he came by it; he said, his brother gave it him. I asked him where his brother lived; he said, he lived with a gentleman whose name I have forgot. I said, you say your brother is a servant to a gentleman, it is very odd that he should give you a gold watch: he shall said that his brother gave it him. I said, if he did not give a better account of it, I must stop him. He said, what! do you think I stole it? I told him, to be plain with him, I did believe he had stolen it. I had him before a Magistrate, and there he said he was not my Lord Bollingbroke's servant, but Mr. Master's servant.</p>
<p>Q. Where was the watch?</p>
<p>Masters. It was in an open drawer, but I had not seen it for some months. The Prisoner is a downright country boy, and I believe it is the first fact that ever he was guilty of.
<rs id="t17450530-9-verdict57" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-9-verdict57" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17450530-9-punish58" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-9-punish58" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-9-defend114 t17450530-9-punish58"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17450530-10">
<interp inst="t17450530-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10" type="year" value="1745"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17450530"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10" type="date" value="17450530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17450530-10-off60-c103" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-10-defend120 t17450530-10-off60 t17450530-10-verdict63"/>
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<p>266, 267. +
<persName id="t17450530-10-defend120" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Metcalf
<interp inst="t17450530-10-defend120" type="surname" value="Metcalf"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-defend120" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-defend120" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17450530-10-defend122" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Brown
<interp inst="t17450530-10-defend122" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-defend122" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-defend122" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17450530-10-defloc59">Christ Church Spittlefields</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-defloc59" type="placeName" value="Christ Church Spittlefields"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-defloc59" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-10-defend120 t17450530-10-defloc59"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-10-defend122 t17450530-10-defloc59"/>, were indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-10-off60" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-10-off60" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-off60" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> assaulting
<persName id="t17450530-10-victim124" type="victimName"> Jane Carpenter
<interp inst="t17450530-10-victim124" type="surname" value="Carpenter"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-victim124" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-victim124" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> in an entry or passage in
<placeName id="t17450530-10-crimeloc61">Flower and Dean Street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-crimeloc61" type="placeName" value="Flower and Dean Street"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-crimeloc61" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-10-off60 t17450530-10-crimeloc61"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-10-off64 t17450530-10-crimeloc61"/>, in or near the King's highway, putting her in fear, and taking from her a camblet gown, value 2 s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-10-victim126" type="victimName"> Joshua Carpenter
<interp inst="t17450530-10-victim126" type="surname" value="Carpenter"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-victim126" type="given" value="Joshua"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-victim126" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17450530-10-cd62" type="crimeDate">May 24</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-10-off60 t17450530-10-cd62"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-10-off64 t17450530-10-cd62"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-10-person127"> Joshua Carpenter
<interp inst="t17450530-10-person127" type="surname" value="Carpenter"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-person127" type="given" value="Joshua"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-person127" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 24th of May between three and four o'clock in the afternoon my girl was playing about Spittle Square, the Prisoners picked her up, and carried her into Flower and Dane Street, took her gown off, and carried it to one Mr. Dockery a pawnbroker.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know they took away your child's gown?</p>
<p>Carpenter. By their own confession before the Justice, they owned the stealing that gown, and several other things from other children.</p>
<p>Q. How old is your child?</p>
<p>Carpenter. Six years of age last January.</p>
<p>Jury. Was it in the street?</p>
<p>Carpenter. It was in a little passage going into a house; the child knew the place again.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-10-person128"> William Dockery
<interp inst="t17450530-10-person128" type="surname" value="Dockery"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-person128" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-person128" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Last Friday night [24 May] towards the evening, I took in a gown from that child [Metcalf, a child of twelve years of age.]</p>
<p>Q. Did you know the child?</p>
<p>Dockery. She lives in the neighbourhood overagainst me, and I never knew any harm of her. This is the gown I lent money on.</p>
<p>Carpenter. This is my child's gown.</p>
<p>Q. to the Prisoners. How came you by the gown?</p>
<p>Prisoner Metcalf. The little girl desired us to go and play with her, and this other Prisoner and I stripped the child of her gown, and went to the pawnbroker's with it.</p>
<p>Prisoner Brown [a girl about fourteen years old.] We were going along together, and Metcalf pulled the gown off the child.</p>
<p>Q. to Dockery. How came you to let such a child as that have money upon goods?</p>
<p>Dockery. Because her mother used to send her with things.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-10-person129"> John Marrioge
<interp inst="t17450530-10-person129" type="surname" value="Marrioge"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-person129" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-person129" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (Constable.) The child lost the gown on Friday in the afternoon; I went to Mr. Dockery's house, and searched his books, and the gown was entered as on Saturday. It is a very great pity that these pawnbrokers are suffered to go on in this manner.
<rs id="t17450530-10-verdict63" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-10-verdict63" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-verdict63" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> Acquitted of the robbery, guilty of the felony to the value of 10 d. </rs> </p>
<p>+ Elizabeth Metcalf, and
<persName id="t17450530-10-person130"> Elizabeth Brown
<interp inst="t17450530-10-person130" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-person130" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-person130" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , were indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-10-off64" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-10-off64" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-off64" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> assaulting
<persName id="t17450530-10-victim132" type="victimName"> Joseph Safford
<interp inst="t17450530-10-victim132" type="surname" value="Safford"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-victim132" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-victim132" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in an alley or entry in a certain street called
<placeName id="t17450530-10-crimeloc65">Wingfield street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-crimeloc65" type="placeName" value="Wingfield street"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-crimeloc65" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-10-off60 t17450530-10-crimeloc65"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-10-off64 t17450530-10-crimeloc65"/>, in or near the King's highway, putting him in fear, and taking from him a cotton gown, value 7 d. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-10-victim134" type="victimName"> William Safford
<interp inst="t17450530-10-victim134" type="surname" value="Safford"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-victim134" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-victim134" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17450530-10-cd66" type="crimeDate">May 23</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-10-off60 t17450530-10-cd66"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-10-off64 t17450530-10-cd66"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17450530-10-verdict67" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-10-verdict67" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-verdict67" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noProsecutor"/> The Prosecutor not appearing, they were acquitted of this indictment </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17450530-10-punish68" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-10-punish68" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-10-punish68" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-10-defend120 t17450530-10-punish68"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-10-defend122 t17450530-10-punish68"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17450530-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300009"/>268, 269. +
<persName id="t17450530-11-defend136" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Mason
<interp inst="t17450530-11-defend136" type="surname" value="Mason"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-11-defend136" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-11-defend136" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17450530-11-defend138" type="defendantName"> Sarah Fox
<interp inst="t17450530-11-defend138" type="surname" value="Fox"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-11-defend138" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-11-defend138" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17450530-11-defloc69">St. George in Middlesex</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-11-defloc69" type="placeName" value="St. George in Middlesex"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-11-defloc69" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-11-defend136 t17450530-11-defloc69"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-11-defend138 t17450530-11-defloc69"/>, were indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-11-off70" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-11-off70" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-11-off70" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing a pair of silver buckles, value 21 s. a handkerchief, value 6 d. and one guinea, the property of
<persName id="t17450530-11-victim140" type="victimName"> James Bickley
<interp inst="t17450530-11-victim140" type="surname" value="Bickley"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-11-victim140" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-11-victim140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-11-off70 t17450530-11-victim140"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17450530-11-cd71" type="crimeDate">April 28</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-11-off70 t17450530-11-cd71"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-11-person141"> James Bickley
<interp inst="t17450530-11-person141" type="surname" value="Bickley"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-11-person141" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-11-person141" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was asleep in the street, and the Prisoners took from me a pair of silver buckles, a handkerchief, and a guinea.</p>
<p>Q. When was this? Was it in the day or in the night?</p>
<p>Bickley. It was in the night; they confessed it before the Justice, and that they pawned my handkerchief for six pence, and they told me where the buckles were, but the silversmith would not give any account of them: he said he believed he had bought such a pair, but could give no account of them, and unless the man who brought them came he could do nothing in it.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Bickley. I am a
<rs id="t17450530-11-viclabel72" type="occupation">brewer's servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-11-victim140 t17450530-11-viclabel72"/>.</p>
<p>Q. Did you find your handkerchief?</p>
<p>Bickley. Yes; I found it at a chandler's shop in King Street.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to charge the Prisoners?</p>
<p>Bickley. The Prisoners had acknowledged it to one Mother Stout, as they call her: they had been bragging at a ginshop that they had robbed a man in the street, and Mother Stout said she could send for
<persName id="t17450530-11-person142"> Sarah Fox
<interp inst="t17450530-11-person142" type="surname" value="Fox"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-11-person142" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-11-person142" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> who was concerned in the fact, and she did send for her; and when Fox came, she told where
<persName id="t17450530-11-person143"> Elizabeth Mason
<interp inst="t17450530-11-person143" type="surname" value="Mason"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-11-person143" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-11-person143" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was, and she was taken up.
<rs id="t17450530-11-verdict73" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-11-verdict73" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17450530-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-12" type="year" value="1745"/>
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<interp inst="t17450530-12" type="date" value="17450530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17450530-12-off74-c119" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-12-defend144 t17450530-12-off74 t17450530-12-verdict76"/>
<persName id="t17450530-12-defend144" type="defendantName"> Catherine Herring , otherwise
<rs id="t17450530-12-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-12-defend144 t17450530-12-alias-2"/>Brown</rs>
<interp inst="t17450530-12-defend144" type="surname" value="Herring"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-12-defend144" type="given" value="Catherine"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-12-defend144" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-12-off74" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-12-off74" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-12-off74" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a tea spoon, value 18 d. a linen handkerchief, value 4 d. &c. the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-12-victim147" type="victimName"> Mary Holmes
<interp inst="t17450530-12-victim147" type="surname" value="Holmes"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-12-victim147" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-12-victim147" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; two caps, value 18 d. two aprons, value 2 s. and two shirts </rs>, the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-12-victim149" type="victimName"> Richard Platt
<interp inst="t17450530-12-victim149" type="surname" value="Platt"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-12-victim149" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-12-victim149" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17450530-12-cd75" type="crimeDate">May 14</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-12-off74 t17450530-12-cd75"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-12-person150"> Mary Holmes
<interp inst="t17450530-12-person150" type="surname" value="Holmes"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-12-person150" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-12-person150" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The Prisoner lodged in my house; I missed these things, and she owned before the Justice that she took them, and I excused her partly for doing it.</p>
<p>Q. Did you let her remain in the house after that time?</p>
<p>Holmes. Yes, I did; she said she had a brother come from sea, that he was ill, and she was forced to take them to help him, and said she would get them again the Saturday following. I employed her as a chairwoman, and the next morning when I came to look for my spoons, one of them was gone. I found it had been pawned in her name, but she said her sister pawned it.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-12-person151"> Elizabeth Platt
<interp inst="t17450530-12-person151" type="surname" value="Platt"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-12-person151" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-12-person151" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I missed the things mentioned in the indictment. The Prisoner was continued in the house after she took these things, and she went quite off that night. She took a couple of shifts, a child's dimitty coat, a long lawn apron, and a calico apron of mine. She confessed before the Justice that she took them, and pawned them.</p>
<p>Q. What did she say in excuse?</p>
<p>Platt. She said she designed to fetch them back, and she told us where they were pawned: I had two shirts from Mr. Harrison's.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-12-person152"> George Crofton
<interp inst="t17450530-12-person152" type="surname" value="Crofton"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-12-person152" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-12-person152" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner brought these shifts and a handkerchief, &c. to Mr. Harrison's, and pawned them.</p>
<p>Q. Did she say they were her own?</p>
<p>Crofton. I did not ask her any questions, for my master has known her a great while, and he never knew her do such a thing before.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-12-person153"> Edward Herbert
<interp inst="t17450530-12-person153" type="surname" value="Herbert"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-12-person153" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-12-person153" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> produced several things the Prisoner had pawned to him, the property of the Prosecutor's.
<rs id="t17450530-12-verdict76" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-12-verdict76" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17450530-12-punish77" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-12-punish77" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-12-defend144 t17450530-12-punish77"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17450530-13-defend155" type="defendantName"> John Rennerson
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<interp inst="t17450530-13-defend155" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-13-defend155" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17450530-13-defloc78">St. Giles's Cripplegate</placeName>
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<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-13-defend155 t17450530-13-defloc78"/>, was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17450530-13-off79" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-13-off79" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a pair of brass candlesticks, value 2 s. a three pint copper pot, value 18 d. and a copper coffee pot, value 18 d. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-13-victim157" type="victimName"> William Berriman
<interp inst="t17450530-13-victim157" type="surname" value="Berriman"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-13-victim157" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-13-victim157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-13-off79 t17450530-13-victim157"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17450530-13-cd80" type="crimeDate">May 25</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-13-off79 t17450530-13-cd80"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-13-person158"> William Berriman
<interp inst="t17450530-13-person158" type="surname" value="Berriman"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-13-person158" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-13-person158" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .
<rs id="t17450530-13-viclabel81" type="occupation">I keep a publick house</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-13-victim157 t17450530-13-viclabel81"/> in
<placeName id="t17450530-13-crimeloc82">Crowder's Well Alley in Aldersgate Street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-13-crimeloc82" type="placeName" value="Crowder's Well Alley in Aldersgate Street"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-13-off79 t17450530-13-crimeloc82"/>. About half an hour after six last Saturday morning, I was in bed, and heard an outcry of stop thief; I made all the expedition I could down, and then the Prisoner was brought back with these things.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-13-person159"> Sarah Brown
<interp inst="t17450530-13-person159" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-13-person159" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-13-person159" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Between six and seven o'clock the Prisoner came in and wanted some anniseed, I told him we did not sell any; then he said he would have some gin, and he had a half peny worth, and I gave him a bit of bread. I heard something rattle, and the Prisoner run away; I called out stop thief, and
<persName id="t17450530-13-person160"> John Rose
<interp inst="t17450530-13-person160" type="surname" value="Rose"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-13-person160" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-13-person160" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> run after him, and took him.</p>
<p>Q. Were the things there when the Prisoner came in?</p>
<p>Brown. They were there then, and I was in the house when he came in, nobody else could take them.</p>
<p>Prisoner. When I came into the house I was very much fuddled indeed; there was a man came in, and I heard something chink : there were two or three doors; and I saw four or five persons running. I saw these things lie upon the ground, and I inadvertently being fuddled took them up, for I verily believe that man laid them down.
<rs id="t17450530-13-verdict83" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-13-verdict83" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300010"/>The Prisoner being known to some of the Jury, they recommended him to the court for corporal punishment.</p>
<rs id="t17450530-13-punish84" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-13-punish84" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-13-punish84" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-13-defend155 t17450530-13-punish84"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17450530-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<p>272. +
<persName id="t17450530-14-defend161" type="defendantName"> John Simmons*
<interp inst="t17450530-14-defend161" type="surname" value="Simmons*"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-defend161" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-defend161" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted
<rs id="t17450530-14-off85" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-14-off85" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-off85" type="offenceSubcategory" value="returnFromTransportation"/> for that he at the general goal delivery holden at Abingdon in and for the county of Berks, on Monday the 26th day of July, in the 18th year of the reign of his present Majesty King George the second, before
<persName id="t17450530-14-person162"> James Reynolds
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person162" type="surname" value="Reynolds"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person162" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; one of the Barons of our said Lord the King, of the Court of Exchequer, and Sir
<persName id="t17450530-14-person163"> Thomas Abney
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person163" type="surname" value="Abney"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person163" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person163" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. then one other Baron of our said Lord the King, of the Court of Exchequer, and others their fellows Justices of our said Lord the King, assigned to deliver his goal of the same Country of the Prisoners therein being:
<persName id="t17450530-14-person164"> John Simmons
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person164" type="surname" value="Simmons"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person164" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person164" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , late of the parish of St. Lawrence in Reading, in the County of Berks, labourer, according to due course of law, was indicted, tried, and convicted, before the same Justices, by a Jury of that County; for that he the said
<persName id="t17450530-14-person165"> John Simmons
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person165" type="surname" value="Simmons"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person165" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person165" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> on the 3d day of April, in the 15th year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George the second of Great Britain, &c. with force and arms, at the parish of Stratfield in the said County, one cock turkey of the price of 2 s. one hen turkey of the price of two 2 s. two live cocks of the price of 18 d. seven live hens of the price of 3 s. 6 d. and three chickens of the price of 2 s. the goods and chattels of
<persName id="t17450530-14-person166"> Henry Lannoy Hunter
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person166" type="surname" value="Hunter"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person166" type="given" value="Henry Lannoy"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person166" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; then and there being found, feloniously did steal, take, and carry away, against the peace of our said Lord the King, his crown and dignity; and thereupon the aforesaid
<persName id="t17450530-14-person167"> John Simmons
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person167" type="surname" value="Simmons"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person167" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person167" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> by the foresaid Justices of our said Lord the King, assigned to deliver his goal of the said County of Berks, of the Prisoners therein being, was then and there ordered to be transported as soon as conveniently might be, to some of his Majesty's Colonies and Plantations in America, for the term of seven years, according to the statute in such case made and provided, as by the record thereof doth more fully appear; and that he the said
<persName id="t17450530-14-person168"> John Simmons
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person168" type="surname" value="Simmons"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person168" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person168" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> afterwards, to wit, on the
<rs id="t17450530-14-cd86" type="crimeDate">18th day of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-14-off85 t17450530-14-cd86"/>, in the 18th year of the reign of our said Lord the King, with force and arms, feloniously and without any lawful cause was at large within this kingdom of Great Britain, to wit, at London, in the parish of
<placeName id="t17450530-14-crimeloc87">St. Botolph without Aldgate</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-crimeloc87" type="placeName" value="St. Botolph without Aldgate"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-crimeloc87" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-14-off85 t17450530-14-crimeloc87"/>, in the Ward of Portsoken in London aforesaid, before the expiration of the said term of seven years, for which he was ordered to be transported as aforesaid, against the peace of our Lord the King, his crown and dignity, and against the form of the statute in such case made and provided. </rs> </p>
<p>* He was taken up for assaulting and wounding several of the watchmen of Portsoken Ward, and committed to the Poultry Compter by the name of Burgess.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-14-person169"> Francis Higgs
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person169" type="surname" value="Higgs"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person169" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person169" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> produced the certificate of his conviction and order for transportation, viz.</p>
<p>These are to certify, That at the general goal delivery for our Lord the King, holden at Abingdon in and for the County of Berks, on Monday the 26th day of July, in the 18th year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George the second, &c. before
<persName id="t17450530-14-person170"> James Reynolds
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person170" type="surname" value="Reynolds"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person170" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person170" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer, and Sir
<persName id="t17450530-14-person171"> Thomas Abney
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person171" type="surname" value="Abney"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person171" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person171" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. then one other Baron of the said Court of Exchequer, and others their fellows Justices of our said Lord the King, assigned to deliver his goal of the same Country of the Prisoners therein being:
<persName id="t17450530-14-person172"> John Simmons
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person172" type="surname" value="Simmons"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person172" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person172" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , late of the parish of St. Lawrence in Reading, in the County of Berks, was then and there tried and convicted by a Jury of the said County; for that he the said
<persName id="t17450530-14-person173"> John Simmons
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person173" type="surname" value="Simmons"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person173" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person173" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> on the 3d day of April, in the 15th year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George the second, &c. in the parish of Stratfield in the said County, one cock turkey of the price 2 s. one hen turkey price 2 s. seven live hens price 3 s. 6 d. and three chickens, price 2 s. the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-14-person174"> Henry Lannoy Hunter
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<interp inst="t17450530-14-person174" type="given" value="Henry Lannoy"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person174" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; did feloniously steal, take and carry away, &c. and that he the said
<persName id="t17450530-14-person175"> John Simmons
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person175" type="surname" value="Simmons"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person175" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person175" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> then and there prayed the benefit of the statute to be allowed to him, and that the said Justices at the said goal delivery, ordered him to be transported as soon as conveniently might be to some of his Majesty's plantations in America, for the term of seven years, to be computed from the time of his conviction.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-14-person176"> Thomas Multhoe
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person176" type="surname" value="Multhoe"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person176" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person176" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>Clerk of Assise for the County of Berks.</p>
<p>April 21, 1745.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-14-person177"> Joseph Barker
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person177" type="surname" value="Barker"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person177" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person177" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Barker. I knew him in Reading goal, and he was carried to Abingdon the summer assizes in July 1742, it will be three years next July. I was one of the sheriffs officers, and assisted the keeper of Reading goal to carry the Prisoners to Abingdon.</p>
<p>Q. What was he tried for?</p>
<p>Barker. He was tried for robbing
<persName id="t17450530-14-person178"> Henry Lannoy
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300011"/> Hunter
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person178" type="surname" value="Lannoy"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person178" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person178" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; of some cocks and hens.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know him to be the person?</p>
<p>Barker. I am sure he is the man: I was carrying him and thirteen more who were to be transported, and he got away from me about two miles and an half from Reading, as I was told.</p>
<p>Q. Was he confined then?</p>
<p>Barker. He was in irons and handcuffed, but he had cut them off: he carried one of the bazzils along with him.</p>
<p>Q. Did any more of them get away?</p>
<p>Barker. No; I carried thirteen safe.</p>
<p>Q. Was it day-light?</p>
<p>Barker. It was not quite day-light.</p>
<p>Q. Where was you then?</p>
<p>Barker. I was on horseback on the right hand side of the waggon, there was another person on the other side of the waggon, and three or four persons with them in the waggon.</p>
<p>Q. When did you miss him?</p>
<p>Barker. I did not miss him till day-light, and found his irons in the waggon.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you find him again?</p>
<p>Barker. I found him in the Poultry Counter, and he threatened our lives then.</p>
<p>Q. Who told you of his being there?</p>
<p>Barker. The goal keeper was informed of it.</p>
<p>Q. Have you seen him at large since his conviction?</p>
<p>Barker. I never saw him at large since.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Did not you go to school along with me?</p>
<p>Barker. It is so long since that I cannot very well remember it, I know nothing more of the gentleman.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-14-person179"> Francis Haslet
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person179" type="surname" value="Haslet"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person179" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person179" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I know the Prisoner is the person who stole the hens from 'Squire Hunter: I gave evidence against him at Abingdon.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure he is the person?</p>
<p>Haslet. I am certain and sure he is the man.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-14-person180"> Edward Holloway
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person180" type="surname" value="Holloway"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person180" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person180" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am Mr. Wiseman's turnkey at Reading goal; I was at the bringing the Prisoner up to London with a design to have him on board merchant Forward's ship. He cut off his irons as the other Prisoners told me, and they said he jumped out of the waggon in Maidenhead Thicket between one and two in the morning.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I think it is a very hard thing for a man to swear to another person's voice, as he says he will swear to mine.</p>
<p>Holloway. Yes; I could swear to it your voice is so remarkable, for I have known you fifteen or sixteen years : you have threatened my life a great many times, John.</p>
<p>Lancelot Howlet. I am a watchman of Portsoken Ward. On the 18th of March the Prisoner abused our watchman; there was a warrant served on him the same day for assaulting and abusing them, and I was at the taking him. He wounded some of the watchmen in Gravel Lane, and they got a warrant for him that day as soon as they had an opportunity.</p>
<p>Q. Was there a riot in the night, and an abuse of the watch?</p>
<p>Howlet. Yes; and we went to assist the Constable.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know the Prisoner before?</p>
<p>Howlet. The Prisoner lived in Patrick's Court in Hounsditch with a common sort of a creature.</p>
<p>Q. What creature?</p>
<p>Howlet. Why, a whore or a harlot, or whatever you please to call it. There was a quarrel at an alehouse in Gravel Lane, and I heard that the Prisoner had got away, but the people said there was a watchman very much hurt, and that the Warder had been knocked down and very much abused; so as soon as possible Mr. Day the Beadle got a warrant and went to his lodging, and my partner and I went with him, and we went in with a design to knock him down for fear of his doing us a mischief: I catched the Prisoner by the collar, and he offered, as I thought, to put his hand in his pocket, and presently he gave a chop, and I was cut, but I do not know what he did it with.</p>
<p>Q. Was it the Prisoner that cut you?</p>
<p>Howlet. I saw nobody but the Prisoner and my partner, and I hope your Lordship don't think the watchmen would cut one another. The Prisoner got away from us, but going up the steps by Devonshire Squire we took him again.</p>
<p>Q. What is your partner's name?</p>
<persName id="t17450530-14-person181"> Jack Lee
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person181" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person181" type="given" value="Jack"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person181" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , or
<persName id="t17450530-14-person182"> John Lee
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person182" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person182" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person182" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Would you ask Howlet any questions?</p>
<p>Simmons. As to asking that man any questions, I believe he will say any thing, and I will not give the Court any trouble. I hope the honourable Court will take notice of what that man says without my exposing him; he says I cut him, and I had nothing to cut him with.</p>
<p>Howlet. I had hold of his left fist, and with his right hand he made a chop at me, and I received a cut at that time.</p>
<p>Q. Where was you cut?</p>
<p>Howlet. I was cut upon my wrist, and through the wristband of my shirt; I could shew you, but I have not the same shirt on now.</p>
<p>Simmons. What did I cut you with?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300012"/>Howlet. I said before I could not tell what you cut me with.</p>
<p>Q. Had he any instrument about him?</p>
<p>Howlet. He got from us, and run away; and he might throw that away as he run along. There was none found upon him.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-14-person183"> John Lee
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person183" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person183" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person183" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> [a watchman.] I took the Prisoner in Patrick's court in Houndsditch the same day, [for this mischief was done between twelve and one in the morning] Mr. Day the beadle got a warrant to take the prisoner up. My partner and I went at night along with Mr. Day, in order to take him in his lodging; and with a design to knock him down if he made any resistance; and accordingly we told him, if he offered to put his hand into his pocket, we would knock him down: he put his hand in his pocket, and struck at me with a knife; I struck at him, but missed him; I struck at him again, and he fell a reeling [this was in the alley by the Prisoner's house] My Partner Howlet got hold of him, and they were both upon the ground: my partner said, don't strike, for am I uppermost; and there was another watchman [
<persName id="t17450530-14-person184"> Robert Robinson
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person184" type="surname" value="Robinson"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person184" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ] who was cut in the hat. I felt about his clothes, but he had nothing about him when he was taken.</p>
<p>*The Beadle, Constable, and Watchman, all went in the dark to take him upon a surprize; for they know he was such a desperate fellow, it would be very difficult to take him.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Pray ask this gentleman what they first charged me with?</p>
<p>Lee. Why, for cutting and abusing the watchmen; and cutting that watchman's [Bentley] hand almost off.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-14-person185"> John Bentley
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person185" type="surname" value="Bentley"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person185" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-14-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was called out of the watch-house about twelve o'clock or between twelve and one.</p>
<p>Q. What day of the month was that?</p>
<p>Bentley. It was the 18th of March between twelve and one in the morning; I was informed there was a quarrel in the alehouse; I went there, and they charged me with the Prisoner at the bar. He gave me good words, and said, he would stay till the constable came; but all on a sudden he got from me, and cut me cross the head with a knife; then he gave me a cut cross my wrist, and cut the leaders of my arm, and I am afraid I shall never have the use of it again.</p>
<p>Q. Was he in any body's custody before?</p>
<p>Bentley. No, he was quite at liberty.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I don't know the man.</p>
<p>Bentley. I ought to know you; and I believe I shall as long as I live; you have made me remember you.</p>
<p>Richard Baddington. I am warder of the watch-house in Gravel-lane, for Covent-garden precint. There was a woman came to the watch-house, and she said Mr. Simmons had abused her husband at a public house.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know Simmons before?</p>
<p>Boddington. Only by his living some time in the neighbourhood. I went along with her, and going along I said to him, how could you be so unkind as to make such a disturbance and a noise at this time o'night? When I came to the publick house, he wanted to run away, but I took hold of his collar, and he knocked me down; this was at the alehouse. My watchmen hearing that I was in a fray came to my assistance; but the prisoner being a stout, lusty fellow (and, as I suppose, fearing something of danger if he was taken) knocked me down again, and run away.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I have nothing more to say. I submit my self to the honourable court. I know nothing of the matter.
<rs id="t17450530-14-verdict88" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-14-verdict88" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-14-defend161 t17450530-14-punish89"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>273. +
<persName id="t17450530-15-defend186" type="defendantName"> Ann Davis , late of the parish of
<placeName id="t17450530-15-defloc90">St. Andrew Holborn</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-defloc90" type="placeName" value="St. Andrew Holborn"/>
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<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-15-defend186 t17450530-15-defloc90"/>, London,
<rs id="t17450530-15-deflabel91" type="occupation">Spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-15-defend186 t17450530-15-deflabel91"/>, otherwise Ann, the wife of Anderears
<rs id="t17450530-15-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-15-defend186 t17450530-15-alias-3"/>Boswell</rs>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-defend186" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-defend186" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-defend186" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-15-off92" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-15-off92" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-off92" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing, three silk gowns, val. 3 l. one silk petticoat, val. 5 s. one cotton gown, val. 10 s. one pair of jumps, val. 10 s. two cotton caps, val. 2 s. three shirts, val. 12 s. two long lawn aprons, val. 4 s. one pair of silk stockings, val. 2 s. 6 d. one quilted stuff petticoat, val. 5 s. the goods and chattels of
<persName id="t17450530-15-victim189" type="victimName"> Matth.ew Morton
<interp inst="t17450530-15-victim189" type="surname" value="Morton"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-victim189" type="given" value="Matth.ew"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-victim189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-15-off92 t17450530-15-victim189"/> </persName> , in his dwelling house </rs>,
<rs id="t17450530-15-cd93" type="crimeDate">May 1st</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-15-off92 t17450530-15-cd93"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-15-person190"> Matthew Morton
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person190" type="surname" value="Morton"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person190" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person190" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 1st of this instant, my wife and daughter were gone out: and these things were lost out of a fore-room up stairs (there is a door to the entry, on one side of the shop) and when my wife and daughter came home, they missed them. I advertised them several times, and on the 13th of this month, Mr. Sherrar, a pawnbroker, came to me, and said, he believed by an advertisement he had seen, he had got some of my things in his custody; that he knew the woman who brought them, for she had been several times at his shop, and may be she might come again; and if she came again, he would stop her: and he stopped her with a gown and a pair of stays. The Prisoner said before Sir
<persName id="t17450530-15-person191"> Thomas De Veil
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person191" type="surname" value="De Veil"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person191" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person191" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , that her husband's name was Evans, and that he was a journeyman carver, and lived in Dirty Lane in Holborn; but I found her habitation to be in Parker's Lane in Drury Lane: and I found the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300013"/> chints gown, and the black silk gown and petticoat in her lodging, picked to pieces.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-15-person192"> John Sherrar
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person192" type="surname" value="Sherrar"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person192" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person192" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner at different times brought to me, one gown, three shifts, one apron, an under petticoat, and a pair of jumps. On the 13th of May, I saw these things advertised, and they are very remarkable; so I went to Mr. Morton's, and acquainted him with it. The Prisoner came next day, and I stopped her: she used to bring wearing apparel of her husband's, almost every week, and I never suspected her.</p>
<p>Q. What is her husband?</p>
<p>Sherrar. He is a journeyman carver, his name is Boswell, he is a man of a pretty good reputation, he works with a carver in Long Acre. She said, she lived in Dirty Lane in Holborn; (there are two places called Dirty Lane,) one in Holborn, and the other in Long Acre; and I found she lodged in Parker's Lane in Drury Lane.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I was at my chairwoman's house on the 1st of May, from two o'clock in the afternoon, till eleven at night; and Mr. Morton said, they were taken away at two o'clock on the first of this instant. I met an acquaintance of mine, one Mrs. Jones, who lived in Essex, one day as I was going to Clare Market, and she told me, her aunt was dead, and had left her her clothes, and desired to know, if I could recommend her to an honest pawnbroker: I told her I knew a very honest man; then she desired me to pawn them for her; I said, I was not willing to do it, she had better pawn them herself; but as she desired me to do it, I pawned them to Mr. Sherrar, where I used to go, and I would have taken her up to have cleared my self, if I could have found her. She said, she would pull the black gown and petticoat to pieces, to make herself mourning for her aunt.</p>
<p>Mr. Blower. Your landlady said, you had picked that black gown to pieces.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I told Mr. Sherrar I was very sorry they were stolen, and that the woman I had them from was at the end of the street.</p>
<p>Sherrar. She did say the woman she had them of [Mrs. Jones] was waiting at the end of the street; I sent to see, and there was no such person there.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-15-person193"> Elizabeth Rollison
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person193" type="surname" value="Rollison"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person193" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person193" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The Prisoner lodged in my house six or seven months, and she always behaved very well.</p>
<p>Q. What business is her husband?</p>
<p>Rollison. Her husband is a carver.</p>
<p>Q. What does she do for her living?</p>
<p>Rollison. She used to dress victuals, and wash and mend for her husband.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-15-person194"> Frances Brown
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person194" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person194" type="given" value="Frances"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person194" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am a chairwoman, I have washed for the Prisoner and her husband. On the first of May, I think it was, she came to me for a shift and an apron.</p>
<p>Q. What day of the week was it?</p>
<p>Brown. It was on a Wednesday about two o'clock in the afternoon.</p>
<p>Q. How long ago is it?</p>
<p>Brown. I can't tell whether this May is out*.</p>
<p>*The Prisoner was tried the last day of May.</p>
<p>Q. What May was it?</p>
<p>Brown. It was last May, I think.</p>
<p>Q. What day of the month was it?</p>
<p>Brown. It was one day in May, I cannot tell what day; I remember particularly it was on a Wednesday.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know it was on a Wednesday?</p>
<p>Brown. I know by my work; because it was a leisure day, and I generally wash on Thursday.</p>
<p>Q. When was you called upon to say this?</p>
<p>Brown. This was about a week ago: When I heard the news I was surprised at it.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure it was on a Wednesday?</p>
<p>Brown. Upon my oath it was on a Wednesday.</p>
<p>Prisoner. If I had stole these things, I should hardly carry them to pawn, when they were all marked.</p>
<p>Morton. I understand this man [Boswell] is not your husband; for he has another wife.</p>
<p>Prisoner. He is my husband, Davis is my maiden name.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-15-person195"> Thomas Evans
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person195" type="surname" value="Evans"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person195" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-person195" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a barber and perriwig-maker.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Evans. The last place I lived in, was in Bow-street Covent Garden.</p>
<p>Q. Was you a house-keeper there?</p>
<p>Evans. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. In what part of Bow-street did you live?</p>
<p>Evans. In Jackson's Alley.</p>
<p>Q. How long did you live there?</p>
<p>Evans. About nine months. I have been in the infirmary nine weeks for fits; and then my goods were seized for rent. Before that, I lived five years in Short's Gardens.</p>
<p>Q. What do you know of the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Evans. I have known the Prisoner a great many years, she was born in St. Giles's parish.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever hear of any dishonestly by her?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300014"/>Evans. She married one Boswell a carver.</p>
<p>Q. Have you ever heard of her behaving ill?</p>
<p>Evans. Now and then there has been a warrant.</p>
<p>Q. What warrants were they?</p>
<p>Evans. Not capital warrants, only warrants about scolding.</p>
<p>Q. Has she a good or a bad character?</p>
<p>Evans. She has a good character, for what I know.</p>
<p>Morton. Do you remember that she was ever here before?</p>
<p>Evans. I don't know that she was; she never was here to my knowledge.</p>
<p>Morton. Did you never hear that she has been here?</p>
<p>Evans. No, I never did.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Mr. Morton said, he took up another woman, for selling a sheet in Rag Fair.</p>
<p>Morton. There was a chairwoman who worked for us, pawned a sheet there; but that was before I lost these things.
<rs id="t17450530-15-verdict94" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-15-verdict94" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-15-verdict94" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> Guilty 39 s. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17450530-15-punish95" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-15-punish95" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-15-defend186 t17450530-15-punish95"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17450530-16-defend197" type="defendantName"> Joseph Ninn
<interp inst="t17450530-16-defend197" type="surname" value="Ninn"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-defend197" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-defend197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17450530-16-defloc96">St. John's Hackney</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-defloc96" type="placeName" value="St. John's Hackney"/>
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<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-16-defend197 t17450530-16-defloc96"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-16-off97" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-16-off97" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-off97" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 12 china cups, value 3 s. eleven saucers, val. 3 s. and two basons, val. 2 s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-16-victim199" type="victimName"> Thomas Brooks
<interp inst="t17450530-16-victim199" type="surname" value="Brooks"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-victim199" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-victim199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-16-off97 t17450530-16-victim199"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17450530-16-cd98" type="crimeDate">April 27th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-16-off97 t17450530-16-cd98"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-16-person200"> Martha Brooks
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person200" type="surname" value="Brooks"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person200" type="given" value="Martha"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person200" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The Prisoner took two sets of china out of my house in Homerton Row. My husband is a
<rs id="t17450530-16-viclabel99" type="occupation">carpenter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-16-victim199 t17450530-16-viclabel99"/>, and I keep a lodging house.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know the Prisoner took them?</p>
<p>Brooks. Because they were found upon him.</p>
<p>Q. How did you get them again?</p>
<p>Brooks. The Prisoner was apprehended and brought back to my gate, and he took them out of his pockets himself.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-16-person201"> Sarah Brooks
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person201" type="surname" value="Brooks"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person201" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person201" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> (daughter of
<persName id="t17450530-16-person202"> Martha Brooks
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person202" type="surname" value="Brooks"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person202" type="given" value="Martha"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person202" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .) I looked out of the window, and saw that the gate was shut; and afterwards I saw it was open: I stole down stairs, missed the china off the tea table, and saw the Prisoner go out of the house, and out of the court yard: I run after him two or three hundred yards, and called out, stop thief! He was taken and brought back to the house; I saw him pull some of the china out of his pockets.</p>
<p>Prisoner. What clothes had I on?</p>
<persName id="t17450530-16-person203"> Sarah Brooks
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person203" type="surname" value="Brooks"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person203" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person203" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . You had a whitish great coat.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Had I the same clothes on then as I have now?</p>
<persName id="t17450530-16-person204"> Sarah Brooks
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person204" type="surname" value="Brooks"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person204" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person204" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I cannot be positive, I think it was something like that.</p>
<p>Q. Are you positive the Prisoner is the man?</p>
<persName id="t17450530-16-person205"> Sarah Brooks
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person205" type="surname" value="Brooks"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person205" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-16-person205" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am very sure he is the man.</p>
<p>Mr. Bolton. There was a cry of stop thief, I took the Prisoner, brought him back to the house, and saw some of the china taken out of his pockets.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I was not stopped, I was coming along and met the Prosecutrix, and she said she had lost some china; I said, I had got half a dozen cups and saucers, and I said may be you will say they are yours, and so she did, and charged me with stealing them.
<rs id="t17450530-16-verdict100" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-16-verdict100" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>275, 276, 277. +
<persName id="t17450530-17-defend207" type="defendantName"> John Jeffs
<interp inst="t17450530-17-defend207" type="surname" value="Jeffs"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-defend207" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-defend207" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17450530-17-defend208" type="defendantName"> Richard Horton , otherwise
<rs id="t17450530-17-alias-4" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-defend208 t17450530-17-alias-4"/>Toss off Dick</rs>
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<interp inst="t17450530-17-defend208" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-defend208" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17450530-17-defend210" type="defendantName"> Joseph Lucas , otherwise
<rs id="t17450530-17-alias-5" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-defend210 t17450530-17-alias-5"/>Ninn*</rs>
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<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-defend208 t17450530-17-defloc101"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-defend210 t17450530-17-defloc101"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-defend219 t17450530-17-defloc101"/>, were indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-17-off102" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-17-off102" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-off102" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17450530-17-person212"> Thomas Chitty
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person212" type="surname" value="Chitty"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person212" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person212" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , between the hours of nine and ten in the night, and stealing one gown, value 2 l. the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-17-person213"> Agnes Phillips
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person213" type="surname" value="Phillips"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person213" type="given" value="Agnes"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person213" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; a silk gown, value 3 l. and a cotton gown, val. 2 l. the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-17-person214"> Mary Herbert
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person214" type="surname" value="Herbert"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person214" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person214" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; six pieces of silk called lustring, value 20 s. the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-17-person215"> Rebecca Page
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person215" type="surname" value="Page"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person215" type="given" value="Rebecca"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person215" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; 18 shirts, value 4 l. 10 s. 16 lawn stocks, value 5 s. a neckcloth, value 1 s. a damask cap, value 1 s. seven shirts, value 7 s. four frocks, value 8 s. a petticoat, value 1 s. a skirt of a coat, value 5 s. three gowns, value 2 l. a cambrick cap, value 2 s. and a cloth cloak, value 2 s. &c. the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-17-victim217" type="victimName"> Thomas Chitty
<interp inst="t17450530-17-victim217" type="surname" value="Chitty"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-victim217" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-victim217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in his dwelling-house </rs>,
<rs id="t17450530-17-cd103" type="crimeDate">April 12</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-off102 t17450530-17-cd103"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-off104 t17450530-17-cd103"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-off111 t17450530-17-cd103"/>.</p>
<p>* He is the same person who was convicted for transportation upon the preceding indictment. He refused to plead to the name Lucas, and said his name was Ninn.</p>
<p>278. And
<persName id="t17450530-17-defend219" type="defendantName"> Eleanor Young
<interp inst="t17450530-17-defend219" type="surname" value="Young"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-defend219" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-defend219" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> for
<rs id="t17450530-17-off104" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-17-off104" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-off104" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving the same knowing them to be stolen </rs>,
<rs id="t17450530-17-cd105" type="crimeDate">April 15</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-off102 t17450530-17-cd105"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-off104 t17450530-17-cd105"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-off111 t17450530-17-cd105"/>.</p>
<p>[ At Lucas's desire the witnesses were examined apart.]</p>
<persName id="t17450530-17-person220"> Thomas Chitty
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person220" type="surname" value="Chitty"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person220" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person220" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t17450530-17-viclabel106" type="occupation">watchmaker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-victim217 t17450530-17-viclabel106"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-victim253 t17450530-17-viclabel106"/>, I live in
<placeName id="t17450530-17-crimeloc107">Hand Court in High Holborn</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-crimeloc107" type="placeName" value="Hand Court in High Holborn"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-crimeloc107" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-off102 t17450530-17-crimeloc107"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-off104 t17450530-17-crimeloc107"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-off111 t17450530-17-crimeloc107"/>. On Good Friday the 12th of April my house was robbed by persons unknown, who entered the house, and took the goods mentioned in the indictment.</p>
<p>Q. What time was it?</p>
<p>Chitty. I was in the room out of which the goods were taken at considerably past nine o'clock at night, and I saw that every thing was fast.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know what time it was?</p>
<p>Chitty. I have a great deal of regard to time; I have a clock in the same room.</p>
<p>Q. How was the door fastened?</p>
<p>Chitty. I cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. What time did you find the door open?</p>
<p>Chitty. It was about three quarters after nine.</p>
<p>Q. How did you discover it at first?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300015"/>Chitty. My wife, and I, and the maid, were in the back parlour, behind the room where the goods were; the maid looked round her, and said, God bless me, there is something white: my wife and I went into the room, and they proved to be two shirts of mine.</p>
<p>Q. How long was that after you saw that every thing was fast?</p>
<p>Chitty. About half an hour. My wife is a mantua maker, and she remembered she had laid five gowns down in the room, she looked for them, and found they were gone, and that we were robbed of a great deal of linen besides: the gowns lay in a parcel behind the door.</p>
<p>Q. What did you lose?</p>
<p>Chitty. I lost five gowns; there were two gowns of one gentlewoman's, Mrs.
<persName id="t17450530-17-person221"> Mary Herbert
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person221" type="surname" value="Herbert"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person221" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person221" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> 's, that we are charged five guineas for; there is a gown which is called six pieces of silk, which I think my wife paid a guinea for; a tabby gown of her own she valued at two guineas, 18 shirts which I charge at 4 l. 10 s. though they cost 17 s. a shirt: (there are a great many more things than my wife or I could think of;) and at the lowest I could set them at they amounted to 19 l. 10s. or 11s. which is much less than the value of them.</p>
<p>Q. What did you see upon your coming into the room?</p>
<p>Chitty. I saw the shirts lying upon the ground; I found the parlour door open, and the street door open, but the windows were all fast.</p>
<p>Q. If you were in the next room while the things were took away, how came you not to hear them?</p>
<p>Chitty. It was a surprizing thing that we should not hear, but whether we were talking louder than ordinary, I cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. What partition was there between the room you were in and the other?</p>
<p>Chitty. But a very thin wainscot, and the door was not shut, it was partly open, and I was the more surprized at the robbery upon that account.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of a night was it?</p>
<p>Chitty. It was a dark misty night.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of the Prisoners?</p>
<p>Chitty. I do not know any thing of them; as to Mrs. Young I never saw her till last Saturday was sev'night, when I took her in Long Lane by Smithfield. I had a warrant from Sir
<persName id="t17450530-17-person222"> Thomas De Veil
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person222" type="surname" value="De Veil"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person222" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person222" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and another from Sir
<persName id="t17450530-17-person223"> Joseph Hankey
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person223" type="surname" value="Hankey"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person223" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person223" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and by Bye's Direction [the accomplice] I found part of my things at a house which was said to be Mrs. Lucas's house, the wife of Lucas the Prisoner at the bar.</p>
<p>[Part of the goods were produced and showed to Mr. Chitty.]</p>
<p>Chitty. Here is a skirt of a coat which has been upon the backs of ten or eleven children, I can swear to it by that, my Lord; here is a waistcoat of mine, here is one of my stocks, I should know it if I was not to see it for seven years; there are several other things I know to be mine; these were taken in Mrs. Lucas's house. There was a heap of things there of other people's.</p>
<p>Q. What information had you from
<persName id="t17450530-17-person224"> James Bye
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person224" type="surname" value="Bye"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person224" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person224" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Chitty. I advertised my goods twice, I think on the Easter Monday and the Thursday following. I offered three guineas reward and no questions asked, which I think ought not to be done, and if it was to do again, I believe I should not do it. About three weeks after that a young man came to my house, and asked if I had not been robbed; I said, I had; said he, I believe we have taken some of the persons that did it; and one
<persName id="t17450530-17-person225"> James Bye
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person225" type="surname" value="Bye"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person225" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person225" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> is in Woodstreet Counter, and by this Bye I came by some of my goods.</p>
<p>Q. What is the person's name?</p>
<p>Chitty. I do not know his name [another person in Court said his name is Tawney.]</p>
<p>Prisoner Lucas. He is a common thieftaker, my Lord.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-17-person226"> Thomas Tawney
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person226" type="surname" value="Tawney"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person226" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person226" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I never took any body in my life.</p>
<p>Prisoner Lucas. Were there any marks of violence offered to the door?</p>
<p>Chitty. We found the parlour door and the street door both open.</p>
<p>Lucas. Was the lock or the hinges, or any thing broke?</p>
<p>Chitty. There was nothing at all broke.</p>
<p>Q. Was the family up or in bed?</p>
<p>Chitty. They were all up, there were none of them in bed.</p>
<p>Lucas. What particular things were the goods put in, or where did they lie?</p>
<p>Chitty. Some of the things lay in the room, and the other things were in the bureau; there are four drawers in the bureau.</p>
<p>Q. Where did the bureau stand?</p>
<p>Chitty. It stood just within the parlour door.</p>
<p>Jury. Which parlour door do you mean?</p>
<p>Chitty. I mean the door which goes into the passage; it stands between that door and the window that looks into the street.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-17-person227"> James Bye
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person227" type="surname" value="Bye"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person227" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person227" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Jeffs about five months.</p>
<p>Q. What is he?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300016"/>Bye. He is a butcher by trade, but he does not follow the business now.</p>
<p>Q. What does he follow now?</p>
<p>Bye. I believe he has followed thieving these twelve months.</p>
<p>Q. What has he followed since you knew him?</p>
<p>Bye. He has followed nothing but thieving.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know
<persName id="t17450530-17-person228"> Richard Horton
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person228" type="surname" value="Horton"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person228" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person228" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Bye. Yes - he goes by the name of Toss off Dick.</p>
<p>Q. What Business is he?</p>
<p>Bye. He used to follow driving of carts, but for two months he has followed nothing but thieving, though I never was concerned with him but in two robberies in my life, no other than picking of pockets.</p>
<p>Q. What is the other Prisoner's name?</p>
<p>Bye. His name is Lucas, though he came in here by the name of Ninn, because he was tried last assizes at Chelmsford, and he put himself down in that name, because the record should not be brought up against him.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know
<persName id="t17450530-17-person229"> Eleanor Young
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person229" type="surname" value="Young"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person229" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person229" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Bye. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you known her?</p>
<p>Bye. Ever since Easter Monday.</p>
<p>Q. Where does she live?</p>
<p>Bye. She lived then in Moor Lane, but they say she lives now in Long Lane by Smithfield: they said she was Black Smith's wife [commonly called Black Sam.]</p>
<p>Q. Who were concerned in this affair of Chitty's?</p>
<p>Bye. I was concerned,
<persName id="t17450530-17-person230"> John Jeffs
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person230" type="surname" value="Jeffs"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person230" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17450530-17-person231"> Richard Horton
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person231" type="surname" value="Horton"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person231" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person231" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , otherwise Toss off Dick, and Lucas; we went from Lucas's house.</p>
<p>Q. What time did you go?</p>
<p>Bye. We went out about eight o'clock, when it was just dusk, and went to Gray's Inn, then we went into Hand Alley.</p>
<p>Q. What did you do there?</p>
<p>Bye. We all four went down to the watchmaker's.</p>
<p>Q. To what watchmaker's?</p>
<p>Bye. To Mr. Chitty's; I did not know he was a watchmaker then; when we came there Lucas opened the latch of the street door, and went into the entry, and then opened the parlour door.</p>
<p>Q. How did that stand? was it on the right hand or on the left hand?</p>
<p>Bye. As you go in it was on the right hand; when he had opened the parlour door I went into the house after him, and Toss off Dick and Jeffs stood at the street door waiting for what things we brought out; Lucas stood at the parlour door and bid me bring in a dark lanthorn, which we had for that purpose.</p>
<p>Q. Where was you then?</p>
<p>Bye. I was in the entry, Lucas ordered me to go and light the dark lanthorn.</p>
<p>Q. Was it dark?</p>
<p>Bye. It was dark, it was a misty night, and rained a little.</p>
<p>Q. What did you do?</p>
<p>Bye. I went to a chandler's shop and lighted a candle, and brought it out between my fingers, and when I came out I put it into the lanthorn, put the blind before it, and put it under my coat, then I came into the entry and left Jeffs and Toss off Dick at the door; I gave the lanthorn to Lucas, and he went into the parlour with it, and presently returned with some womens clothes. I went to Horton for the bag, and Lucas took it out of my hand and put it into Jeffs's hand through a mistake: when he gave these things to Jeffs he ordered him to go and stand at Gray's Inn Gate; Lucas went in again and brought out as many things as I could carry away in the slaps of my coat and under my arms, and Toss off Dick took as many as he could carry away in his arms, and Lucas came out and brought as many as he could carry in his coat and breast; then we went out to speak to Jeffs. I pulled off this coat [the coat he had on] and laid it upon the dunghill, and put as many of the goods into it as I could, and Lucas ordered Jeffs to pull off his coat and put the rest of the things into it; then Lucas ordered Toss off Dick and I to stay at the dunghill till he and Jeffs went to the house again, and they returned with as many things as they could well bring away; then we took the handkerchiefs off our necks to tie them up in.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of goods were they?</p>
<p>Bye. There were a great many shirts and stocks, and I remember this damask cap with a gold button to it in particular. We went a third time to the house, and brought a great many more things away; then we carried all the goods to Lucas's house, and we persuaded Toss off Dick to go home, and told him we should not look at the things that night.</p>
<p>Q. What did you do with them?</p>
<p>Bye. They were sold to
<persName id="t17450530-17-person232"> Eleanor Young
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person232" type="surname" value="Young"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person232" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person232" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Who sold them to Young?</p>
<p>Bye. Lucas did, but they kept some of them for their own use.</p>
<p>Q. When was this?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300017"/>Bye. This was on Easter Monday; we went for one
<persName id="t17450530-17-person233"> Ann Collier*
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person233" type="surname" value="Collier*"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person233" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person233" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> to come and look at them, and she would give us no more than 40s. so we would not let her have them: Toss off Dick came next day, and said, that
<persName id="t17450530-17-person234"> Eleanor Young
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person234" type="surname" value="Young"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person234" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person234" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> would give no more than two guineas for them.</p>
<p>* She was tried last December Sessions for Assaulting
<persName id="t17450530-17-person235"> Alexander Forfar
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person235" type="surname" value="Forfar"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person235" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person235" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a Headborough of St. James's Clerkenwell, on the highway, putting him in fear, and taking from him a silk handkerchief, a powder born, and a pistol. See Sessions Paper, No. I. Part III. Page 54. Trial 106.</p>
<p>Q. What, for all these goods?</p>
<p>Bye. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What money had you?</p>
<p>Bye. We had half a guinea a-piece?</p>
<p>Q. Who gave you the money?</p>
<p>Bye. Lucas did.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see any of these goods delivered to Young?</p>
<p>Bye. I saw her bring some of the goods away.</p>
<p>Q. Did she know how you came by them?</p>
<p>Bye. Yes; very well.</p>
<p>Q. Did you tell her how you came by them?</p>
<p>Bye. No; but she knew it very well. Jeffs, Lucas, and I, sold her as many things another time as were worth 15 l. for 40 s.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear Lucas tell her how you came by these goods?</p>
<p>Bye. I did not hear him say any thing to her about that.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to go down this place to Chitty's house ?</p>
<p>Bye. We went down the court to see what we could get, and tried at several latches in the court, but none of them would open but that.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know this was Chitty's house ?</p>
<p>Bye. It was over against the tavern; for the next day we went down the court to hear what rumours there were about the robbery, and we found it was over against the Vine Tavern.</p>
<p>Chitty. It is within one door of being over against the Vine Tavern; they might easily know that, for my name is wrote in capital letters.</p>
<p>Prisoner Jeffs. Had I any of the goods or money?</p>
<p>Bye. You took one parcel of the goods away.</p>
<p>Prisoner Horton. Where did you ever see me?</p>
<p>Bye. I have seen you at the chimney sweeper's in Thatched Alley by Chick Lane, where you used to go.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you known Lucas?</p>
<p>Bye. To the best of my knowledge it was much about the beginning of April that I first knew him, just after he came from Chelmsford : he told me that you was his council there.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know that he was tried there?</p>
<p>Bye. He told me so.</p>
<p>Lucas. What did I open the street door with?</p>
<p>Bye. You opened the street door by a latch.</p>
<p>Lucas. What did I open the parlour door with?</p>
<p>Bye. I do not know; I apprehend it was by a brass knob, but I am not certain.</p>
<p>Lucas. Was there any marks of violence upon the door?</p>
<p>Bye. I believe there were none.</p>
<p>Q. You are sure it was after dark, an't you?</p>
<p>Bye. Yes, I am sure it was; it was between nine and ten o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. How did your acquaintance and Lucas's come in?</p>
<p>Bye. From one
<persName id="t17450530-17-person236"> Susanna Clark
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person236" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person236" type="given" value="Susanna"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person236" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , because she told us he was a very good fellow, and could do his business well.</p>
<p>Q. And that was the reason you engaged with him, was it?</p>
<p>Bye. Yes, it was; Lucas was transported from Greenwich.</p>
<p>Q. What do you mean by being transported from Greenwich?</p>
<p>Bye. That is for what he did at Greenwich, and he was sent over sea for it for seven years, and he staid ten years, and brought this wise over with him.</p>
<p>Q. What business is
<persName id="t17450530-17-person237"> Susanna Clark
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person237" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person237" type="given" value="Susanna"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person237" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Bye. She goes out with nosegays.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of a woman is Lucas's wife?</p>
<p>Bye. She is a woman that when she speaks you may see all her teeth.</p>
<p>Q. Is she a brown or a fair woman?</p>
<p>Bye. She is a fair woman.</p>
<p>Q. What size is she?</p>
<p>Bye. She is much about your size.</p>
<p>Q. What business was you before you engaged in this?</p>
<p>Bye. I was a wheelwright. The first time I went out with them, we stole something.</p>
<p>Q. So you are an old thief, though you are a young man: How long have you followed this trade?</p>
<p>Bye. Ever since Christmas.</p>
<p>Q. Was you in the parlour at all?</p>
<p>Bye. No, I was not; I was in the entry all the time.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-17-person238"> Ann Rose
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person238" type="surname" value="Rose"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person238" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person238" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mr. Chitty; I have lived with him about two years and an half.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300018"/>Q. What time was this thing done ?</p>
<p>Rose. It was between nine and ten at night.</p>
<p>Q. When you are in the entry, do you turn on the right hand to go into the parlour?</p>
<p>Rose. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Was the street door fastened then?</p>
<p>Rose. Yes; I was the last person that came in, and I am sure I latched it.</p>
<p>Q. What time was that?</p>
<p>Rose. About nine o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. Where was your master then?</p>
<p>Rose. He was below stairs in the back parlour with my mistress; he had been ill, and that was the first time he came down stairs after his illness.</p>
<p>Q. What fastening had the door?</p>
<p>Rose. There is a spring lock and a latch; the spring of the lock was fastened back, and it was latched, that we might let our selves in without always having the trouble of getting up to go to the door.</p>
<p>Q. Was it a wooden latch, or an iron latch?</p>
<p>Rose. It was an iron latch.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any body in company with your master and mistress?</p>
<p>Rose. There was nobody but my master, and mistress, and If we were at supper.</p>
<p>Q. Now give an account of what happened?</p>
<p>Rose. I heard nothing at all, nor saw nothing till I got up from supper; then I went into the fore parlour and saw a shirt, a mantle, and a blanket, upon the floor; then I saw the drawers of the bureau open, and cried out we were robbed, and run to the street door.</p>
<p>Q. What time was that?</p>
<p>Rose. I believe it was about twenty minutes after nine.</p>
<p>Q. Was the door between the sore parlour and the back parlour close?</p>
<p>Rose. It was not quite close.</p>
<p>Q. How could these people go backward and forward five or six times and you not hear them?</p>
<p>Rose. I cannot well tell how it could be, but we did not hear them.</p>
<p>[She proved several of the things which were produced to be the property of Mr. Chitty.]</p>
<p>Bye. There is some of the dirt of the dunghill upon this cloth now: [the cloth that some of the things were tied up in.]</p>
<p>Q. Where is Lucas's house?</p>
<p>Bye. In Blue Anchor Alley in Whitecross Street.</p>
<p>Chitty. I found the things in Blue Anchor Alley, or Blue Anchor Court, in Whitecross Street.</p>
<p>Joseph Lowe. I am a headborough of St. Luke's parish; these goods were found in a house in Blue Anchor Alley. I went with Mr. Chitty and some persons that were with him into the house, because they did not care to take the things away without a proper officer: there were two great bundles of goods, I carried them to my house, and they have been in my possession ever since.</p>
<p>Q. Were they found in Lucas's house ?</p>
<p>Lowe. The people said that Lucas lived there.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any body in the house then?</p>
<p>Lowe. Nobody at all; they had all left the house. I found a great many more goods there, which I have at my house, and I cannot tell who they belong to.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-17-person239"> Thomas Tawney
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person239" type="surname" value="Tawney"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person239" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person239" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I had been to drink a pot of beer, and was going home, and stopping to wait for a friend, Jeffs said, D - n your eyes, who do you stag at?</p>
<p>Bye. He is telling the story upon what account we were taken up at first.</p>
<p>Q. What happened after that?</p>
<persName id="t17450530-17-person240"> John Jeffs
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person240" type="surname" value="Jeffs"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person240" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person240" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , one Martin, and this Bye, cut and mangled me in the street in a desperate manner. I took Jeffs up upon the account of mangling me, and that brought all this to light.</p>
<p>Q. Why did they cut you?</p>
<p>Tawney. There were two or three words passed between us, and Jeffs cut me upon the shoulder, and then stabbed me into the shoulder; so I took Jeffs up,
<persName id="t17450530-17-person241"> Jack Martin
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person241" type="surname" value="Martin"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person241" type="given" value="Jack"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person241" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17450530-17-person242"> John Bye
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person242" type="surname" value="Bye"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person242" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person242" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Where is Martin?</p>
<p>Tawney. He is in the Counter; he is an evidence, but not upon this robbery. When Bye was taken up he desired to go before a Magistrate, for he said he could do something that would be for the good of his country, and desired to be admitted an evidence; and he said I can take two as I go along. I was with the Prisoners at Lucas's house in a Court in Blue Anchor Alley.</p>
<p>Q. How did you know that this was Lucas's house?</p>
<p>Tawney. Bye gave me information of it, and I was there with Mr. Chitty: Mr. Chitty found several things there that were his; and all the things were packed up and carried to the Constable's house.</p>
<p>Prisoner Lucas. Do you know me?</p>
<p>Tawney. No, I do not: Bye said there was a hundred pounds worth of goods in the house; but the people were all gone, and the house was left open.</p>
<p>Bye. Lucas had the whole house, and I lodged in one of the rooms.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-17-person243"> Ann Sparrow
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person243" type="surname" value="Sparrow"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person243" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person243" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I was going along with Mr. Tawney, and saw this Jeffs and one Martin together,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300019"/> (for I never saw Lucas or Horton before) and Jeffs said to Mr.
<persName id="t17450530-17-person244"> Tawney, D
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person244" type="given" value="Tawney"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person244" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> - n your eyes, what do you flag at? and then Jeffs said to
<persName id="t17450530-17-person245"> Martin, D
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person245" type="given" value="Martin"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person245" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> - n your eyes, kiddy slash away. Mr. Tawney was cut, and I borrowed a hanger to lend a person who went to take them, for they were afraid to go unguarded.</p>
<p>Q. to Bye. Do you know any thing of Tawney's bing cut?</p>
<p>Bye. Yes; he was cut.</p>
<p>Q. Did Jeffs cut him?</p>
<p>Bye. I cannot say that Jeffs cut him, but Martin did.</p>
<p>Q. Who were in company with you?</p>
<p>Bye. Jeffs, Martin, and I were in company. Tawney struck me, and knocked me down, and then I heard Jeffs say Flash.</p>
<p>Prisoner Lucas. I can't say but I have been in Mrs. Lucas's house sometimes, but I did not live there.</p>
<p>Q. Is not she your wife?</p>
<p>Lucas. No, indeed, she is not, my name is Ninn.</p>
<p>Q. Did you live together?</p>
<p>Lucas. I lived the door on this side Mrs. Belfour's in Spittlefield's Market.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-17-person246"> Mary Maynard
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person246" type="surname" value="Maynard"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person246" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person246" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known Fleanor Young a great many years, she has nursed several children for me, always behaved well while she was with me; and she had an opportunity of taking things of value out of my house, and she never wronged me of any thing that I know of.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-17-person247"> Elizabeth Smith
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person247" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person247" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person247" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Mrs. Young takes in washing.</p>
<p>Q. What is her character?</p>
<p>Smith. She has the character of a washerwoman, and one that takes a great deal of pains for her living.</p>
<p>Q. Has she a good character in the neighbourhood?</p>
<p>Smith. Yes, she has, for I cannot say she is a thief.</p>
<p>Bye. This woman desired me to be as favourable as I could to
<persName id="t17450530-17-person248"> Eleanor Young
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person248" type="surname" value="Young"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person248" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person248" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Smith. I said to him, young man, how came you to put her into your information; did you ever see her before? and he said he never did; and I told him then he was a forsworn villain.</p>
<p>Prisoner Lucas. I desire your Lordship will give me leave to speak in my own defence. The evidence does not do this for the good of his country, only for the sake of the reward.</p>
<p>Prisoner Horton. Bye said he would put me into his information only for the sake of the reward, because I have nobody to appear for me. Jeffs, Horton, and Lucas,
<rs id="t17450530-17-verdict108" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-17-verdict108" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>,
<rs id="t17450530-17-punish109" type="punishmentDescription">
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-defend210 t17450530-17-punish109"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-17-person249"> Eleanor Young
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person249" type="surname" value="Young"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person249" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person249" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName>
<rs id="t17450530-17-verdict110" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-17-verdict110" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-17-person250"> John Jeffs
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person250" type="surname" value="Jeffs"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person250" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person250" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17450530-17-person251"> Joseph Lucas
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person251" type="surname" value="Lucas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person251" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person251" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of the parish of, London, were indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-17-off111" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-17-off111" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-off111" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17450530-17-victim253" type="victimName"> Daniel Dixey
<interp inst="t17450530-17-victim253" type="surname" value="Dixey"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-victim253" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-victim253" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in the night time, and stealing two cloth coats, value 30 s. one stuff damask waistcoat, value 20 s. a pair of cloth breeches, value 3 s. six shirts, value 30 s. </rs> the goods of the said
<persName id="t17450530-17-person254"> Daniel Dixey
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person254" type="surname" value="Dixey"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person254" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-17-person254" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17450530-17-cd112" type="crimeDate">April 5</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-off102 t17450530-17-cd112"/>
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-17-off111 t17450530-17-cd112"/>.</p>
<p>As the Prisoners were capitally convicted upon the preceding indictment, they were not tried upon this.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17450530-18-defend256" type="defendantName"> Joseph Tyler
<interp inst="t17450530-18-defend256" type="surname" value="Tyler"/>
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<interp inst="t17450530-18-defend256" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17450530-18-defloc113">St. Mary Whitechapel</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-defloc113" type="placeName" value="St. Mary Whitechapel"/>
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<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-18-defend260 t17450530-18-defloc113"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-18-off114" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-18-off114" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-off114" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 150 lanthorn leaves, val. 12s. </rs> the goods of persons unknown,
<rs id="t17450530-18-cd115" type="crimeDate">April 29</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-18-off114 t17450530-18-cd115"/>
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-18-off120 t17450530-18-cd115"/>. And</p>
<p>280, 281.
<persName id="t17450530-18-defend257" type="defendantName"> Richard Chapler . otherwise
<rs id="t17450530-18-alias-6" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-18-defend257 t17450530-18-alias-6"/>Chappelow</rs>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-defend257" type="surname" value="Chapler"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-defend257" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-defend257" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17450530-18-defend260" type="defendantName"> Henry Stafford
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<interp inst="t17450530-18-defend260" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-defend260" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , for
<rs id="t17450530-18-off116" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-18-off116" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-off116" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving the same knowing them to be stolen </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-18-person261"> Jonathan Adams
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person261" type="surname" value="Adams"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person261" type="given" value="Jonathan"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person261" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (a horner in Petticoat Lane) said he had lost a great many lanthorn leaves, but did not know who took them.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-18-person262"> John Burton
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person262" type="surname" value="Burton"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person262" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person262" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (servant to Mr. Adams) said that he knew of 150 lanthorn leaves of Mr. Adams's that were to go to a customer, and they were missing, but he could not say Tyler took them. He said he met Tyler one day with some lanthorn leaves on the road near Mile End, and Tyler said he found them upon the road; and that they sold the leaves, and spent the money.
<rs id="t17450530-18-verdict117" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-18-verdict117" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-18-person263"> Joseph Tyler
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person263" type="surname" value="Tyler"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person263" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person263" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was a second time indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-18-off118" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-18-off118" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-off118" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing twelve lanthorn leaves, value 18 d. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-18-victim265" type="victimName"> Thomas Layton
<interp inst="t17450530-18-victim265" type="surname" value="Layton"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-victim265" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-victim265" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17450530-18-cd119" type="crimeDate">April 29</rs>
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-18-off118 t17450530-18-cd119"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-18-off120 t17450530-18-cd119"/>. And</p>
<persName id="t17450530-18-person266"> Richard Chapler
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person266" type="surname" value="Chapler"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person266" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person266" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , otherwise Chappelow, for
<rs id="t17450530-18-off120" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-18-off120" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-off120" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving the same knowing them to be stolen </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-18-person267"> John Burton
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person267" type="surname" value="Burton"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person267" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person267" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I know of twelve lanthorn leaves that were really stolen.</p>
<p>Q. Whose property were they?</p>
<p>Burton. They were the property of Mr.
<persName id="t17450530-18-person268"> Thomas Layton
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person268" type="surname" value="Layton"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person268" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person268" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Why do you think Tyler stole them?</p>
<p>Burton. Because I saw Tyler take them.</p>
<p>Q. Where did he take them from?</p>
<p>Burton. He took them out of Mr. Layton's cellar.</p>
<p>Q. How did he get into the cellar?</p>
<p>Burton. Any body may go down any morning, the doors are commonly open then.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see him go down into the cellar?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300020"/>Burton. No, I did not, I saw him come out of the cellar.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know them to be the property of Mr. Layton, might not he carry them down with him?</p>
<p>Burton. I don't know that.</p>
<p>Q. What trade is Tyler?</p>
<p>Burton. He is not of our trade.</p>
<p>Q. What time of the day was this?</p>
<p>Burton. It was about seven o'clock in the morning.</p>
<p>Q. How long ago is this?</p>
<p>Burton. About six weeks.</p>
<p>Q. When did you discover this?</p>
<p>Burton. About two days ago.</p>
<p>Q. Why did not you discover it sooner?</p>
<p>Burton. Because I was not examined before.</p>
<p>Q. What are you in custody for? [Burton was in irons, for he was committed on his own confession, for stealing some lanthorn leaves.]</p>
<p>Burton. I can't tell.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know what Tyler did with them?</p>
<p>Burton. I can't tell.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to discover this thing at last?</p>
<p>Burton. I did not discover it at all; when I was examined, I spoke the truth.</p>
<p>Q. How was you examined?</p>
<p>Burton. I can't tell how I was examined.</p>
<p>Q. Who was you examined by?</p>
<p>Burton. By Mr. Layton.</p>
<p>Q. When you saw this man [Tyler] undersuspicious circumstances upon the road, why did not you speak of this?</p>
<p>Burton. We did speak of it ourselves, and told the people we found some horns upon the road, and had sold them, and spent the money.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-18-person269"> Thomas Layton
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person269" type="surname" value="Layton"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person269" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-18-person269" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Tyler a great many years; I can't say he stole my leaves.</p>
<p>Q. Did you miss any?</p>
<p>Layton. We can't miss, nor swear to our goods.</p>
<p>Q. Did you entrust him with your goods?</p>
<p>Layton. I did entrust him some years ago, but I have not had any thing to do with him for several years.</p>
<p>Tyler. I have not been in my master's cellar since I took a few leaves for my wife to seower some years ago, and I did not do well by him, and I never dared see my master since. I have sold leaves several times for that honest man Burton, he has been a dealer this way for several years.
<rs id="t17450530-18-verdict121" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-18-verdict121" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17450530-19-defend270" type="defendantName"> Bathia Whitfield
<interp inst="t17450530-19-defend270" type="surname" value="Whitfield"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-19-defend270" type="given" value="Bathia"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-19-defend270" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17450530-19-defloc122">St. John's the Evangelist</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-19-defloc122" type="placeName" value="St. John's the Evangelist"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-19-defloc122" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-19-defend270 t17450530-19-defloc122"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-19-off123" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-19-off123" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-19-off123" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver spoon, val. 8 s. and a brass tobacco box, val. 1 s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-19-victim272" type="victimName"> Thomas Hawkins
<interp inst="t17450530-19-victim272" type="surname" value="Hawkins"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-19-victim272" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-19-victim272" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-19-off123 t17450530-19-victim272"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17450530-19-cd124" type="crimeDate">May 2 d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-19-off123 t17450530-19-cd124"/>.</p>
<p>Hawkins. The Prisoner thought fit to borrow a spoon of me.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know the Prisoner took it?</p>
<p>Hawkins. I lost a spoon and a tobacco box; I was not at home when they were lost. I am informed the Prisoner was let into my house by a little girl; and that the spoon was conveyed into my house again last Saturday, by a woman who came for a pail of water.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-19-person273"> Mary Painter
<interp inst="t17450530-19-person273" type="surname" value="Painter"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-19-person273" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-19-person273" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I catched the Prisoner at Mr. Hawkins's house, on Saturday was seven night.</p>
<p>Q. Does she keep a publick house?</p>
<p>Painter. No, a private house. A neighbour came and informed me, that there was a thief in Mr. Hawkins's house; I looked in all the rooms, and could not find any body; and when I came into the back garret, the Prisoner was behind the door; when she saw me, she run down directly: the next morning she was taken up, and she owned before the Justice, that she stole the spoon.</p>
<p>Mr. Hawkins's son. I heard there was a thief in my father's house, and that my daughter-in-law and she were shut into the house together; I said to her, if you will deliver the things back again, you shall go about your business: then she said, she had taken a spoon, and thrown it into the soil hole in Tuttle Fields; and that when the soil comes to be emptied, the spoon will be found; she said before the justice, she had taken nothing but a spoon and a tobacco box; but was so drunk then, that she could not tell who she sold it to. She pulled the tobacco box out of her pocket, and said, if I would, I should have that.</p>
<p>Jury. How came the spoon into the house again?</p>
<p>Mr. Hawkins's son. Her landlady came to beg a pail of water, and talked about being lame, and one thing and another; and afterwards, the spoon was found lying open, upon a chest of drawers in the room. She stole five shillings one time off a, mantle piece, and when she was charged with taking it, she said, she had thrown it into a ditch: and I have been told, that she has stole brass-weights, and any thing she could meet with, and has been a common pilfering thief.
<rs id="t17450530-19-verdict125" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-19-verdict125" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-19-verdict125" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs> </p>
<p>The Jury recommended her to the Court for corporal punishment.</p>
<rs id="t17450530-19-punish126" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-19-punish126" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-19-punish126" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-19-defend270 t17450530-19-punish126"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17450530-20">
<interp inst="t17450530-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20" type="year" value="1745"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17450530"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20" type="date" value="17450530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17450530-20-off128-c229" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-20-defend274 t17450530-20-off128 t17450530-20-verdict131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17450530-20-off128-c230" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-20-defend276 t17450530-20-off128 t17450530-20-verdict131"/>
<p>283, 284. +
<persName id="t17450530-20-defend274" type="defendantName"> Margaret Greenaway
<interp inst="t17450530-20-defend274" type="surname" value="Greenaway"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-defend274" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-defend274" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17450530-20-defend276" type="defendantName"> Ann Rush
<interp inst="t17450530-20-defend276" type="surname" value="Rush"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-defend276" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-defend276" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of the Parish of
<placeName id="t17450530-20-defloc127">St. Bridget otherwise Saint Brides</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-defloc127" type="placeName" value="St. Bridget otherwise Saint Brides"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-defloc127" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-20-defend274 t17450530-20-defloc127"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-20-defend276 t17450530-20-defloc127"/> in London, were indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-20-off128" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-20-off128" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-off128" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> assaulting
<persName id="t17450530-20-victim278" type="victimName"> George Thorn
<interp inst="t17450530-20-victim278" type="surname" value="Thorn"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-victim278" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-victim278" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-20-off128 t17450530-20-victim278"/> </persName> , on the King's highway, putting him in fear, and taking from him, a hat, value 3s. and 8s. in money </rs>, his property,
<rs id="t17450530-20-cd129" type="crimeDate">April 25th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-20-off128 t17450530-20-cd129"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-20-person279"> George Thorne
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person279" type="surname" value="Thorne"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person279" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 25th of April last, about a quarter before ten at night, I was going by the New Market, and enquired for Shoe Lane: I asked those two gentlewomen the way, and they said, they would shew me the way: they took me down a passage, which, as I have been informed since, was
<placeName id="t17450530-20-crimeloc130">George Alley</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-crimeloc130" type="placeName" value="George Alley"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-crimeloc130" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-20-off128 t17450530-20-crimeloc130"/>; when they came about the middle of the place, one of them said, that is the way to Shoe Lane, and said, Sir, won't you give us something to buy a dram; I put my hand into my pocket, and I had but a penny, which I gave her; she said, D - n your blood, that is not enough to buy a dram; I said, I had no more half-pence; she said, D - n you, you have got money enough, and we will have it before you go. I laid hold of them, with a design to take them to the watch; I did not think they would rob me. Then a fellow in a white frock very dirty came up with a stick, knocked me up against the wall, and gave me several blows with the stick, I was very ill used by him, and in a very bloody condition. Then Rush came up with a penknife, and said, D - n your blood, if you don't deliver your money, I'll cut the ball of your eye out; then a fellow came up in a blue waistcoat, with a long knife in his hand.</p>
<p>Q. Had Greenaway any thing in her hand?</p>
<p>Thorne. No, I did not see any thing; then they robbed me of 8 s.</p>
<p>Q. Who took the money from you?</p>
<p>Thorne. Greenaway took the money, for her hand was in my pocket.</p>
<p>Q. Did you lose any thing else?</p>
<p>Thorne. Yes, they took my hat off my head, then Mr. Keys came up, and the man in blue followed him.</p>
<p>Q. When was it that the man in blue came up?</p>
<p>Thorne. I was robbed before he came up, but he came up immediately.</p>
<p>Q. What did he do?</p>
<p>Thorne. He only held up a knife, and said, D - n you, what are you doing here? and Greenaway said, it is but seven or eight shillings, and the man in blue said, D - n you, I wish it had been as many pounds.</p>
<p>Q. Was you robbed when Mr. Keys came up?</p>
<p>Thorne. Yes, and I told him, one of those women had robbed me; I had hardly spoke
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300023"/> the words before the man in blue came up. I had hold of both the women, and should have kept them, if those fellows had not come up.</p>
<p>Q. Had you hold of both the women?</p>
<p>Thorne. Yes, I had hold of them both.</p>
<p>Q. You say you was not robbed till the man in the dirty frock came up?</p>
<p>Thorne. No, I was not; and when he came up, he said, D - n you, what are you doing of? And Rush said, D - n this country cull, I'll cut the ball of his eye out, if he don't deliver his money.</p>
<p>Q. How long time was there between the fellow in the dirty frock coming up, and Mr. Keys coming?</p>
<p>Thorne. Mr. Keys came up presently.</p>
<p>Q. Was the man in blue come up, when Mr. Keys came?</p>
<p>Thorne. He was not; but there was not a moment's difference between their coming. When I told Mr. Keys I was robbed, he said, he was very sorry for it: he went away, and said, he would run to the watch, and acquaint them with it.</p>
<p>Q. Did Mr. Keys run away?</p>
<p>Thorne. I believe he was frightened, for there was a desperate fellow that came up to him?</p>
<p>Q. What happened after that?</p>
<p>Thorne. After the Prisoners had robbed me, they went away. I met Mr. Keys coming from the watch-house, and he said, the watchmen told him, they were vile wicked creatures, and I had better come and look after them in another manner. Mr. Keys told me where he lived, and advised me to come, when I was in a better condition, for I was very bloody.</p>
<p>Q. When did you take the Prisoners?</p>
<p>Thorne. I took them the 7th or 8th of May.</p>
<p>Q. How did you take them?</p>
<p>Thorne. I went into Black Boy Alley, and heard of them; I went to Mr. Berry, who lives in Chick Lane, and told him, I was robbed by two women, and described them, and he ordered me to go to the Pump ale-house in Chick Lane, and Mr. Berry came to me: he went and shewed me several women; I fixed upon the two Prisoners, and told him, those were the two women that robbed me: he said, don't say a word now, for there are a parcel of sad cattle live here, and if you do, there will be murder committed; but about two o'clock in the morning, the constable and the watch secured them, and Mr. Berry sent to me about eight, to let me know they were taken.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know the Prisoners are the women?</p>
<p>Thorne. I took particular notice of them by the lamps, I saw them very distinctly for a considerable time, and I know their voices, and I know them by their gowns.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know the Prisoners before that time?</p>
<p>Thorne. I never saw them before the 25th of April.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-20-person280"> Matthias Keys
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person280" type="surname" value="Keys"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person280" type="given" value="Matthias"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person280" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 25th of April, between nine and ten at night, I was going up the Fleet Market, and in George Alley I saw two women and a man, the man was very bloody, and told me, he had been robbed by those two women; one of the women had a penknife in her hand; they were telling some money over, and they took his hat off his head.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see them take it off?</p>
<p>Keys. Yes, they took it off his head just before I came up to them.</p>
<p>Q. How were they telling the money?</p>
<p>Keys. One of them was telling it out of her hand into the other's hand.</p>
<p>Q. How much money was there?</p>
<p>Keys. There were about seven or eight shillings. I went to lay hold of one of the women, and up came a fellow behind me in a blue waistcoat, and a tall fellow in a greasy frock, like a butcher.</p>
<p>Q. Was the fellow in the greasy frock there when you came up?</p>
<p>Keys. No, he was not there then; one of them (he in the blue waistcoat) had a knife in his hand, like a butcher's knife; he swore a great oath, that he would be the death of me, if I assisted the Prosecutor in taking the women. I went into Shoe lane, and called out watch, and said, there was a man robbed. I met the Prosecutor in Shoe Lane; and he told me
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300024"/> the women were run away; he would have pursued them then, but I said, I will not go after them now, for they have knives, and we shall be in danger of our lives: he asked me my name, I told him I lived at the Cross Keys Tavern in the Strand; and when the Prisoners were taken up, he sent me word of it.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the women?</p>
<p>Keys. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Look at the Prisoners, are you sure those are the women?</p>
<p>Thorn. I know the Prisoners, are the women. That woman in the checked gown [
<persName id="t17450530-20-person281"> Ann Rush
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person281" type="surname" value="Rush"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person281" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person281" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ] had a knife in her hand.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know them before that time?</p>
<p>Keys. I did not know them before that night.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear the men that came up say any thing to the women?</p>
<p>Keys. The women said to the men, they had got but seven or eight shillings; and one of the men said, D - n you, I wish it had been as many pounds; and the women said so too; and one of the women threatened to stick me with a knife.</p>
<p>Q. Who took the hat off?</p>
<persName id="t17450530-20-person282"> Ann Rush
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person282" type="surname" value="Rush"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person282" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person282" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> took it off.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-20-person283"> John Berry
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person283" type="surname" value="Berry"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person283" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person283" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in Chick Lane.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Berry. I deal in horses.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-20-person284"> Henry Sims
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person284" type="surname" value="Sims"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person284" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person284" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who was in the bail dock, called out aloud, he is a thief-taker, my Lord.]</p>
<p>Berry. I have detected some of them in Black Boy Alley, because they were a pest to Gentlemen who go that way; but I am a great dealer in horses.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know who that is that says you are a thief-taker?</p>
<p>Berry. I believe that is Gentleman Harry, he is as great a rogue as any in the world. I have known him these twenty years; I knew him when he was postilion to Mr. Hide.</p>
<p>[Sims cried out again, he is a very great thief-taker, my Lord.]</p>
<p>Berry. He is a very great rogue, 'tis a pity he had not his deserts as some others have had. The Prosecutor came to me, and informed me, he was robbed such a time by two women; gave me a description of them, and told me they used Black Boy Alley and Chick Lane. There is a hill near that place, where twenty or thirty will fit together, may sometimes forty or fifty of them will fit together in the day time, smoaking their pipes and drinking. I took him to a place, where there were I believe four or five of them together; he fixed upon the Prisoners, and said, they were the two women that robbed him: I said, if we were to attempt to take them then it would be dangerous, and we might run the risque of our lives (for they are a pesterous sort of people, there is a great resort of them there, and they grow very troublesom; indeed there are more women than men now, because the men have been pestered very much lately) so I did not think it safe to take them then, and we took them about two o'clock in the morning in Chick Lane.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-20-person285"> Philip Price
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person285" type="surname" value="Price"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person285" type="given" value="Philip"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-20-person285" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a watchman in Shoe Lane. On the 9th of May, between one and two in the morning, one Lloyd laid hold of the Prisoners in Chick Lane. I know these are the women that were taken then.</p>
<p>Greenaway. I know none of these persons but Mr. Price the watchman. I know nothing of it; I never do concern myself with any of the men kind whatsoever.</p>
<p>Rush. I was going that night into Field Lane, two men met me, and would have dragged me about; I called Mr. Price to come to my assistance, but he did not come; I am innocent of the robbery they charge me with.
<rs id="t17450530-20-verdict131" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-20-verdict131" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>
<rs id="t17450530-20-punish132" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-20-punish132" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-20-defend274 t17450530-20-punish132"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-20-defend276 t17450530-20-punish132"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17450530-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21" type="year" value="1745"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17450530-21-off134-c239" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-21-defend287 t17450530-21-off134 t17450530-21-verdict137"/>
<persName id="t17450530-21-defend287" type="defendantName"> Thomas Proctor
<interp inst="t17450530-21-defend287" type="surname" value="Proctor"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-defend287" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-defend287" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> *, of
<placeName id="t17450530-21-defloc133">St. Mary Woolnoth</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-defloc133" type="placeName" value="St. Mary Woolnoth"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-defloc133" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-21-defend287 t17450530-21-defloc133"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-21-off134" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-21-off134" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-off134" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver spoon, val. 12 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17450530-21-victim289" type="victimName"> William Barton
<interp inst="t17450530-21-victim289" type="surname" value="Barton"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-victim289" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-victim289" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-21-off134 t17450530-21-victim289"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17450530-21-cd135" type="crimeDate">May 1st</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-21-off134 t17450530-21-cd135"/>.</p>
<p>* He was tried in May sessions in the mayoralty of Sir
<persName id="t17450530-21-person290"> Robert Westley
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person290" type="surname" value="Westley"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person290" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Knight, for stealing six pounds in the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17450530-21-person291"> John Langstaff
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person291" type="surname" value="Langstaff"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person291" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person291" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> at the Grocers Arms in Grocers Alley in the Poultry. Sessions Paper, Numb. 5. Part 2d. p. 144. Trial 295.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-21-person292"> William Barton
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person292" type="surname" value="Barton"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person292" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person292" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . This spoon was lost out of my house [the
<placeName id="t17450530-21-crimeloc136">Swan Tavern in Exchange Alley</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-crimeloc136" type="placeName" value="Swan Tavern in Exchange Alley"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-crimeloc136" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-21-off134 t17450530-21-crimeloc136"/>] and found upon the Prisoner.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300025"/>Prisoner. Pray ask Mr. Barton, how I came by the spoon.</p>
<p>Barton. The cook told one of my servants, that she saw the Prisoner take a spoon out of my kitchen, and he pursued him into Change Alley, and took him.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-21-person293"> Sarah Lee
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person293" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person293" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person293" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . This is my master's spoon, the Prisoner came into the kitchen, and asked for a gentleman who was up in the consort room; and he took a spoon up, put it into his bosom, and went out with it. I told my fellow servant, a drawer, of it, and he run after him, and took him.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-21-person294"> Thomas Blackhall
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person294" type="surname" value="Blackhall"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person294" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person294" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . My fellow servant said, a man had taken a spoon out of the kitchen, and turned out of our back door, down Exchange Alley; and by Baker's coffee-house he took to his heels. I pursued him, and took him hold by the collar, and brought him to my master's house; as he run along, I heard something drop like a spoon.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-21-person295"> Thomas Bower
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person295" type="surname" value="Bower"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person295" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person295" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I saw the Prisoner and the last witness run, I heard something drop, looked to see what it was, and I picked up a silver spoon, which proved to be Mr. Barton's</p>
<persName id="t17450530-21-person296"> Thomas Wye
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person296" type="surname" value="Wye"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person296" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-21-person296" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner was a lodger with me five years; all I have to say is, that he never robbed me; and I never missed any thing out of my house while he lodged with me.</p>
<p>Q. What business is he?</p>
<p>Wye. He is a wire maker.</p>
<p>Aquila Cooper. I have known the Prisoner about ten years, and I never knew any harm of him; he has been often at my house, putting up beds, and doing other things, and he never did me any wrong.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Pray Mr. Wye, did not Mr. Barton say, that they could not tell, who took the spoon?</p>
<p>Wye. I cannot remember that.
<rs id="t17450530-21-verdict137" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-21-verdict137" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17450530-21-punish138" type="punishmentDescription">
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<interp inst="t17450530-21-punish138" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
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<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17450530-22" type="date" value="17450530"/>
<persName id="t17450530-22-defend298" type="defendantName"> John Allen
<interp inst="t17450530-22-defend298" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-22-defend298" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-22-defend298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17450530-22-defloc139">St. Paul's Shadwell</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-22-defloc139" type="placeName" value="St. Paul's Shadwell"/>
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<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-22-defend298 t17450530-22-defloc139"/>, was indicted for stealing an axe, val. 12 d. and a hand saw, val. 5 s. the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-22-victim300" type="victimName"> John Colvill
<interp inst="t17450530-22-victim300" type="surname" value="Colvill"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-22-victim300" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-22-victim300" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17450530-22-cd140" type="crimeDate">March 4th</rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-22-person301"> John Colvill
<interp inst="t17450530-22-person301" type="surname" value="Colvill"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-22-person301" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-22-person301" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I lost a saw and an axe, and found them at Mr. Smith's, these are my tools.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-22-person302"> Thomas White
<interp inst="t17450530-22-person302" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-22-person302" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-22-person302" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I went with
<persName id="t17450530-22-person303"> John Colvill
<interp inst="t17450530-22-person303" type="surname" value="Colvill"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-22-person303" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-22-person303" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to Mr. Smith's house to buy some tools, and Colvill bought an axe of Mr. Smith, and it happened to be his own axe.</p>
<p>Q. What is Smith?</p>
<p>White. He is a broker.</p>
<p>Smith. I gave Allen a shilling, and a full pot for the axe, and half a crown for the saw; and we had either one pint of hot or two pints of hot, I can't tell which.</p>
<p>Q. What is Allen?</p>
<p>Smith. He is a
<rs id="t17450530-22-deflabel141" type="occupation">lighterman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-22-defend298 t17450530-22-deflabel141"/>. When I bought these tools I had no more mistrust of him, than I had of any person in the world. I have known him 12 years, and I never knew a man have a better character in my life.</p>
<p>A great many lightermen &c. by their appearance men of credit and reputation, appeared to his character, tho' only three were examined,
<persName id="t17450530-22-person304"> John Hubberdine
<interp inst="t17450530-22-person304" type="surname" value="Hubberdine"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-22-person304" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-22-person304" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who had known him 30 years, said, he always had a good character.</p>
<p>Another had known him 20 years, he says he is a lighterman, a house-keeper and a man of a good character.</p>
<p>A third said; he had known
<persName id="t17450530-22-person305"> John Allen
<interp inst="t17450530-22-person305" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-22-person305" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-22-person305" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> seventeen or eighteen years, that he had craft of his own, and had the charge of sixteen or seventeen ships every winter; and has the character of a very honest man.
<rs id="t17450530-22-verdict142" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-22-verdict142" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17450530-23" type="year" value="1745"/>
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<p>287. +
<persName id="t17450530-23-defend307" type="defendantName"> Jeremiah Burton
<interp inst="t17450530-23-defend307" type="surname" value="Burton"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-defend307" type="given" value="Jeremiah"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-defend307" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17450530-23-defloc143">St. James's Westminster</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-defloc143" type="placeName" value="St. James's Westminster"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-defloc143" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-23-defend307 t17450530-23-defloc143"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-23-off144" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-23-off144" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-off144" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing a silver watch with a steel seal, value 50 s. the property of
<persName id="t17450530-23-victim309" type="victimName"> Richard Brown
<interp inst="t17450530-23-victim309" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-victim309" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-victim309" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-23-off144 t17450530-23-victim309"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17450530-23-cd145" type="crimeDate">May 2</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-23-off144 t17450530-23-cd145"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-23-person310"> Richard Brown
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person310" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person310" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person310" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am
<rs id="t17450530-23-viclabel146" type="occupation">Valet de Chambre to my Lord Essingham Howard</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-23-victim309 t17450530-23-viclabel146"/>. On the second of this month when his Majesty went to the house of Lords, I went with my master's robes, and as I was coming from the house with his Lordship's robes under my arm (there being a great croud) the Prisoner at the Bar pushed very hard upon me, and I found my watch was drawing away, and immediately it was gone: the Prisoner looked me full in the face, and being close to me, I suspected him: I laid hold of him, and said, I take you on suspicion of stealing my watch. I saw one Mr. North a Marshal's man, and charged him with the Prisoner. I went to carry my
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300026"/> Lord's robes home, and came back again, got a coach, and Mr. North and another person assisted me to carry him before Sir
<persName id="t17450530-23-person311"> Thomas De Veil
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person311" type="surname" value="De Veil"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person311" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person311" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , but before we carried him there I took him to an alehouse, the
<persName id="t17450530-23-person312"> Robin Hood
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person312" type="surname" value="Hood"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person312" type="given" value="Robin"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person312" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Little John, and the people told him he had better confess the fact, return the watch, and go about his business; he said he knew nothing of it, but he said there was a man in a blue grey coat that was near me, who was suspected of doing these things. I said, if he would get me my watch again, I should be glad, for I wanted to go about my business; and I proposed his depositing five guineas as a security for the watch; and the people advised him to send for a friend to bring some money: the Prisoner sent a man with a note to the Goat at Charing Cross for the man to come to him, and sent another to carry a note to a friend of his in Paul's Alley Aldersgate Street, for five guineas as a security for the watch, and it was to be deposited in Mr. North's hand, for I only wanted a security for my watch to be lodged in his hand: when we went from the alehouse he was carried to Mr. North's house, and about nine or ten o'clock a porter came to ask for Mr. North, and said he had a parcel for him: Mr. North said to me, I'll lay you 20 l. there's your watch again: the porter was admitted into the room, and I had my watch again: this is the watch I lost that day.</p>
<p>Q. How did you get the watch again?</p>
<p>Brown. It was brought me in a little bit of rag by the porter to Mr. North's house.</p>
<p>Q. You charge the Prisoner with taking your watch from you, how do you know he took it?</p>
<p>Brown. I don't know that he took the watch from me.</p>
<p>Q. Did you let the Prisoner go?</p>
<p>Brown. Not till I had my watch again; when I had my watch again, Mr. North said, you must go before a Magistrate before the Prisoner can be discharged. We went before Justice Fraser, and we were to tell him we had some words and a quarrel in the Park, and I came to have him discharged: (not knowing so well as a great many people do,) and the Justice said it was a felony, and he could not discharge him.</p>
<p>Prisoner. He said if I would give him five guineas he would make it up with me.</p>
<p>Brown. I did not want any thing more than my watch again.</p>
<p>Prisoner. You can't say I took the watch from you?</p>
<p>Brown. I can't swear that you took the watch from me, but I verily believe if I had not secured you, I should never have had my watch again.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I did not take it, I know nothing at all of the taking it from you.</p>
<p>Jury. Why did not you search him?</p>
<p>Prisoner. They did search me.</p>
<p>Brown. They always have their accomplices ready to take any thing from them.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-23-person313"> Charles Cleave
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person313" type="surname" value="Cleave"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person313" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person313" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in Plumb Tree Court by the New Market. I have known the Prisoner about five years, he is a poulterer by trade, and married a cap maker: I have bought several caps of him.</p>
<p>Q. Where was his settlement?</p>
<p>Cleave. It was in Aldersgate Street at one
<persName id="t17450530-23-person314"> Philip Emms
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person314" type="surname" value="Emms"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person314" type="given" value="Philip"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person314" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's. - I believe he lodged there about two months ago - he lived about four years ago in Three Tun Court in Redcross Street.</p>
<p>Q. What is his character as to his honesty?</p>
<p>Cleave. I think he had a good character, I never knew that he was ever charged with any such thing before.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-23-person315"> Matthew Bates
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person315" type="surname" value="Bates"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person315" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person315" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner ten years, he was a poulterer, he kept a house in Three Tun Court, and followed cap making.</p>
<p>Q. How long is it since you saw him?</p>
<p>Cleave. I have not seen him for about three months.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Cleave. I keep the White Bear Inn in Old Street. He used to come often to my house, and frequently brought parcels of caps to sell.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-23-person316"> William Tinling
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person316" type="surname" value="Tinling"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person316" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-23-person316" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner about seven years, and never knew any thing amiss of him.</p>
<p>Q. What was his business?</p>
<p>Tinling. He used to go about with rabbets and fowls, but he has left that off about a year.</p>
<p>Q. What Business are you?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174505300027"/>Tinling. I belong to the Crown Office. I have bought fowls and rabbets of him, and I believe him to be an honest man.</p>
<p>Another witness said she had bought black velvet caps of him for hostlers for about four years, and believed him to be a very honest man.
<rs id="t17450530-23-verdict147" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-23-verdict147" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>,
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<interp inst="t17450530-23-punish148" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-23-defend307 t17450530-23-punish148"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>288. +
<persName id="t17450530-24-defend317" type="defendantName"> Sarah Moore , otherwise
<rs id="t17450530-24-alias-7" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-24-defend317 t17450530-24-alias-7"/>Phillis Cox</rs>, otherwise
<rs id="t17450530-24-alias-8" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-24-defend317 t17450530-24-alias-8"/>Phillis Booker</rs>
<interp inst="t17450530-24-defend317" type="surname" value="Moore"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-24-defend317" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-24-defend317" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> of
<placeName id="t17450530-24-defloc149">St. Mary Le Bow</placeName>
<interp inst="t17450530-24-defloc149" type="placeName" value="St. Mary Le Bow"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-24-defloc149" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-24-defend317 t17450530-24-defloc149"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17450530-24-off150" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17450530-24-off150" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-24-off150" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing a silk handkerchief, value 12 d. the goods of
<persName id="t17450530-24-victim319" type="victimName"> Henry Barnes
<interp inst="t17450530-24-victim319" type="surname" value="Barnes"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-24-victim319" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-24-victim319" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-24-off150 t17450530-24-victim319"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17450530-24-cd151" type="crimeDate">May 17</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17450530-24-off150 t17450530-24-cd151"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17450530-24-person320"> Henry Barnes
<interp inst="t17450530-24-person320" type="surname" value="Barnes"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-24-person320" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17450530-24-person320" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName