<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280001"/>THE PROCEEDINGS AT THE Sessions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, FOR THE CITY OF LONDON, AND County of MIDDLESEX, ON
<p>WEDNESDAY the 28th, THURSDAY the 29th, FRIDAY the 30th, of APRIL, SATURDAY the 1st, and MONDAY the 3 d, of MAY.</p>
<p>In the 15th Year of His MAJESTY's Reign.</p>
<p>NUMBER IV. for the YEAR 1742.</p>
<p>Right Honble Sir
<persName id="f17420428-1-person1"> Robert Godschall
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person1" type="surname" value="Godschall"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person1" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>Printed and Sold by T. PAYNE, in Bishopsgate-Street, near the South-Sea-House. M,DCC.XLII.</p>
<p>Where may be had any of the former Numbers in this Mayoralty.</p>
<p>(Price SIX-PENCE.)</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280002"/>THE PROCEEDINGS AT THE</p>
<p>Sessions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, For the CITY of LONDON, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17420428-1-person2" type="judiciaryName"> ROBERT GODSCHALL
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person2" type="surname" value="GODSCHALL"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person2" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. Lord-Mayor of the City of London; the Right Honourable the Lord Chief Justice LEE; Mr.
<persName id="f17420428-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> Baron REYNOLDS
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person3" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person3" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; Sir
<persName id="f17420428-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> JOHN STRANGE
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person4" type="surname" value="STRANGE"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person4" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. Recorder; Mr. Serjeant URLIN, Deputy-Recorder, and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the City of London, and Justices of Goal Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person5" type="jurorName"> George Drayton
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person5" type="surname" value="Drayton"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person5" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person6" type="jurorName"> Joseph Close
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person6" type="surname" value="Close"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person6" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person7" type="jurorName"> George Whitmore
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person7" type="surname" value="Whitmore"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person7" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person8" type="jurorName"> William Gould
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person8" type="surname" value="Gould"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person8" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person9" type="jurorName"> John Watts
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person9" type="surname" value="Watts"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person9" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person10" type="jurorName"> Francis Blackbeard
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person10" type="surname" value="Blackbeard"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person10" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person11" type="jurorName"> Thomas Payne
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<interp inst="f17420428-1-person11" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person12" type="jurorName"> Samuel Dorrel
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person12" type="surname" value="Dorrel"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person12" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person13" type="jurorName"> William Mabb
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person13" type="surname" value="Mabb"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person13" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person14" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Steele
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person14" type="surname" value="Steele"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person14" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person15" type="jurorName"> Richard Fowke
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person15" type="surname" value="Fowke"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person15" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person16" type="jurorName"> John Farrington
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person16" type="surname" value="Farrington"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person16" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person17" type="jurorName"> Samuel Anderson
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person17" type="surname" value="Anderson"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person17" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person18" type="jurorName"> Richard Spicer
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person18" type="surname" value="Spicer"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person18" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person19" type="jurorName"> Thomas Nichols
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person19" type="surname" value="Nichols"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person19" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person20" type="jurorName"> William Thurkell
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person20" type="surname" value="Thurkell"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person20" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person21" type="jurorName"> John Andrews
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person21" type="surname" value="Andrews"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person21" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Robert Mun
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<interp inst="f17420428-1-person22" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person23" type="jurorName"> Henry Lot
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person23" type="surname" value="Lot"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person23" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person24" type="jurorName"> John Aldridge
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person24" type="surname" value="Aldridge"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person24" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person25" type="jurorName"> William Briant
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person25" type="surname" value="Briant"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person25" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person26" type="jurorName"> Henry Stevenson
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person26" type="surname" value="Stevenson"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person26" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person27" type="jurorName"> Thomas Franklyn
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person27" type="surname" value="Franklyn"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person27" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17420428-1-person28" type="jurorName"> William Bushnell
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<interp inst="f17420428-1-person28" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17420428-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<p>1. 2. +
<persName id="t17420428-1-defend30" type="defendantName"> Samuel Wood
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<persName id="t17420428-1-defend32" type="defendantName"> Thomas Craycroft
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<persName id="t17420428-1-victim34" type="victimName"> Edmund Smith
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<interp inst="t17420428-1-victim34" type="given" value="Edmund"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-victim34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in a certain Field and open Place near the King's Highway, putting him in Fear, and taking from him a Silver Watch, value 4 l. and 4 s. in Money </rs>,
<rs id="t17420428-1-cd3" type="crimeDate">October 18th</rs>
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<p>They were a second Time indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-1-off4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-1-off4" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-off4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> assaulting.
<persName id="t17420428-1-victim36" type="victimName"> Robert Rumley
<interp inst="t17420428-1-victim36" type="surname" value="Rumley"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-victim36" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-victim36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in a certain Field, putting him in Fear, and taking from him a Silver Watch, value 5 l. the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-1-victim38" type="victimName"> Thomas Bartrup
<interp inst="t17420428-1-victim38" type="surname" value="Bartrup"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-victim38" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-victim38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and 15 s. the Money of the said Rumley </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-1-person39"> Edmund Smith
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person39" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person39" type="given" value="Edmund"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On Sunday the 18th of October last between 7 and 8 at Night, I was met just on this Side the Back of the
<placeName id="t17420428-1-crimeloc5">Bowling Green</placeName>
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<placeName id="t17420428-1-crimeloc6">Stepney-Fields</placeName>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-1-off4 t17420428-1-crimeloc6"/>, by two Footpads, who stopp'd me, and demanded my Money. They took from me my Watch, and 4 or 5 s. in Silver, or something more, and then made off towards Ratcliff. It was a very dark Night, and I was very much frighted, so that I can't say that I know any Thing of the Persons. My Watch was afterwards offer'd to pawn to Mr. Warner, in King-Street, near Tower-Hill, and after making some Enquiry, I found it there, and had it again.</p>
<p>- Cresswell. I live with Mr. Warner. On the 20th of October, the Prisoner Wood brought this Watch to our House to pledge. He ask'd a Guinea upon it, and accordingly had it. About three Days afterwards he came for the Watch, and had it out again. On the 27th of October he brought it again, and had a Guinea and half upon it, and he never came to enquire for it afterwards.</p>
<p>Pris. Wood. I bought this Watch at a public House: I humbly recommend it to your Consideration, that if I had stolen the Watch, I should not have pawn'd it in my own Name, and in my own Neighbourhood.</p>
<p>Jury to the Prosecution. Are the Prisoners like the two Persons who robb'd you?</p>
<p>Mr. Smith I can't pretend to say that I made any Remarks of them.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-1-person40"> Robert Rumley
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<interp inst="t17420428-1-person40" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 23d of October last, between eight and nine in the Evening, I was stopped by two Men arm'd with Horse-Pistols, in the large Field adjoining to
<placeName id="t17420428-1-crimeloc7">Whitechappel-Mount</placeName>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-1-off4 t17420428-1-crimeloc7"/>. They made Use of a great many Oaths and Imprecations, and demanded my Money. I gave them about 15 s. and a Silver Watch, which
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<persName id="t17420428-1-person41"> Thomas Bartrup
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<interp inst="t17420428-1-person41" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the Maker Graham, No. 101. These Men in Stature exactly answer'd the Prisoners; the short Man was in blue grey, he had on a Pair of red Breeches, and I think he was mask'd, for I could not see his Countenance. The other Man had a light coloured loose great Coat, and a light colour'd Wig, and was not mask'd, but I could not distinguish his Face. I advertis'd the Watch, and about three Days afterwards it was brought to me by Mr. Jacobson.</p>
<p>- Jacobson. On the 24th of October,
<persName id="t17420428-1-person42"> Samuel Wood
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<interp inst="t17420428-1-person42" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person42" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> brought a Watch to my House, and desir'd to have a Guinea and a half upon it. I asked him where he liv'd? he said, he was a Midshipman belonging to the Greenwich Man of War, and appearing handsomely dress'd, I lent him the Money upon it. I happen'd to be at the Coffee-House the Tuesday following, and saw this very Watch advertis'd, and next Morning I carried it to Mr. Finch's in Lambard-Street, according to the Direction in the Advertisement.</p>
<p>Pris. Wood. According to the best of my Remembrance, this Gentleman said before Mr. Deveil, that he took my Name down, and where I liv'd, and when he found the Watch was stolen, why did he not send and secure me?</p>
<p>Jacobson. I took no Account where he liv'd: he told me he came up to Town with the Lieutenant to see after some Men who had run away from the Ship.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-1-person43"> Alice Richard
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person43" type="surname" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person43" type="given" value="Alice"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person43" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The Prisoners being arrested, they sent me with another Woman to fetch the Watches out of Pawn. Craycraft desired Mrs. Carter to give a Letter to this Gentleman. I saw him deliver the Letter to her; it was seal'd up, and the Purport of it was, to desire the Gentleman to let us have the Watches, by the same Token, that one of the Prisoners had fetch'd a Hinger out of Pawn about a Week before. Craycraft said one of the Watches was his, and the other Mr. Wood's, and he hop'd the Pawnbrokers would let them be sold for more Money, or else buy them themselves. We went according to their Direction to these Pawnbrokers; but one of them had carried the Watch home that was pawn'd with him: and the other Pawnbroker refused to deliver his to any Person but the right Owner.</p>
<p>Jacobson. I did receive a Letter sign'd
<persName id="t17420428-1-person44"> Samuel Wood
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person44" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person44" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , but it was two Months after I had delivered the Watch.</p>
<p>Richard. We carried two Letters, one to each Pawnbroker.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-1-person45"> James Barnes
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person45" type="surname" value="Barnes"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person45" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person45" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an Officer and arrested the two Prisoners for a Debt which they had contracted. I kept them at my own House the twenty-four Hours, which I had a Right to do, and then I was for carrying them to Prison. They told me, they had some Watches and lac'd Waistcoats in Pawn, and desired me to keep them a Day longer at my House, that they might sell them, and make it up with the Plaintiff. They had no Money, so I ask'd them what they would leave me for what they had eat and drank at my House? they said, they had a Brace of Pistols which were lock'd up in a 'Scrutore in their Lodging, but the Landlord would not let me have them. I then carry'd them to Goal, where they remain'd about six Weeks, and then were discharged. After this, Mrs. Richards fell out with them, and inform'd me of a Letter which she had carry'd concerning some Watches, and Jacobson telling me where he had deliver'd one of them, I found out the Prosecutor, who gave me an Account of his being robb'd. Upon this, I got a Warrant against the Prisoners, and they immediately flew from the Place which they frequented in Wild street, to Deptford, where I took them. I call'd Wood into a Corner, and ask'd him whether he had not better save his own Life and make a Discovery? He told me, he could not hang two, for what Robberies he had committed, were with Craycroft alone.</p>
<p>- Rose. On the 7th of March, Mr. Barnes and I went to Deptford in Pursuit of the Prisoners, and on Monday Morning between 9 and 10 o'Clock, we were waiting in a Yard, and saw them go by the Door. We went after them and took them into a Public-house. Barnes took Wood into a Corner of the Room, and ask'd him if any Body else was concern'd with him, and he said, he never was concern'd with any body but Craycraft.</p>
<p>Wood. Did you find any Thing upon us when we were taken into Custody?</p>
<p>Rose. No.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-1-person46"> John Thwaites
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person46" type="surname" value="Thwaites"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person46" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person46" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Wood twelve Years, and all the Time I have known him, I never heard any Thing amiss of him. I never heard of his being at Sea.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-1-person47"> Joseph Wingree
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person47" type="surname" value="Wingree"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person47" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person47" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Wood between 4 and 5 Years, I brew'd at his Master's on Peter's-Hill. A very pretty
<rs id="t17420428-1-deflabel8" type="occupation">Scholar</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-1-defend30 t17420428-1-deflabel8"/> he is to be sure, and behav'd himself very handsomely.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-1-person48"> Robert Downing
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person48" type="surname" value="Downing"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person48" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person48" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him some Years, and never heard any harm, or knew any by him. As for his Parents, they are very
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280004"/> honest People, and brought him up in good Learning.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-1-person49"> James Thwaites
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person49" type="surname" value="Thwaites"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person49" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person49" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I know
<persName id="t17420428-1-person50"> Samuel Wood
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person50" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person50" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person50" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and I am sorry such a Misfortune should happen to him now: I really believe he will reform; I hope so, and never be guilty of the like any more.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-1-person51"> Edmund Cadle
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person51" type="surname" value="Cadle"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person51" type="given" value="Edmund"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person51" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I knew all his Friends vastly well, and he was a civil young Man, and always behav'd well.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-1-person52"> John Clark
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person52" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person52" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person52" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known that Gentleman at the Bar,
<persName id="t17420428-1-person53"> Sam Wood
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person53" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person53" type="given" value="Sam"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person53" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , ever since he was 10 Years old, and never knew any Harm of him.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-1-person54"> Wm Gardner
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person54" type="surname" value="Gardner"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person54" type="given" value="Wm"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person54" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him ten Years, and never knew no other but that he was a civil, honest, sober young Man.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-1-person55"> John Flavil
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person55" type="surname" value="Flavil"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person55" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person55" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known
<persName id="t17420428-1-person56"> Sam Wood
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person56" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person56" type="given" value="Sam"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person56" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> a great while, and never heard any Harm of him.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-1-person57"> Thomas Cleeve
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person57" type="surname" value="Cleeve"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person57" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person57" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have very little Knowledge of either of the Prisoners, but I went with Wood's Father to Mr. Rumley, and he said, he was very sorry he was put on to prosecute, for he would rather have lost all the Things.</p>
<p>Mr. Rumley. Wood's Father and this Gentleman desired me to be as favourable as I could. I told them I could not, but must speak the Truth according to the best of my Judgment.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-1-person58"> Wm Fowler
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person58" type="surname" value="Fowler"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person58" type="given" value="Wm"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-1-person58" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have been a Lodger in Wood's Father's House for 20 Months I never saw the Prisoner disguis'd in Liquor, but he always behaved himself with Duty and Respect.</p>
<p>For Craycroft no one appeared.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-1-verdict9" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-1-verdict9" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>
<rs id="t17420428-1-punish10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-1-punish10" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-1-defend30 t17420428-1-punish10"/> Death </rs>. Craycroft
<rs id="t17420428-1-verdict11" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-1-verdict11" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17420428-2">
<interp inst="t17420428-2" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2" type="year" value="1742"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-2-off13-c54" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-2-defend59 t17420428-2-off13 t17420428-2-verdict16"/>
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<p>3. +
<persName id="t17420428-2-defend59" type="defendantName"> John Carpenter
<interp inst="t17420428-2-defend59" type="surname" value="Carpenter"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-defend59" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-defend59" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17420428-2-defloc12">Harmonsworth</placeName>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-defloc12" type="placeName" value="Harmonsworth"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-defloc12" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-2-defend59 t17420428-2-defloc12"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-2-off13" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-2-off13" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-off13" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing 2 Weather Sheep, val. 30 s. </rs> the Property of
<persName id="t17420428-2-victim61" type="victimName"> Isaac Singer
<interp inst="t17420428-2-victim61" type="surname" value="Singer"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-victim61" type="given" value="Isaac"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-victim61" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17420428-2-cd14" type="crimeDate">Jan 9</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-2-off13 t17420428-2-cd14"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-2-off18 t17420428-2-cd14"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-2-person62"> Isaac Singer
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person62" type="surname" value="Singer"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person62" type="given" value="Isaac"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person62" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I lost two Weather Sheep on the 9th of January last, out of my Fold in the Parish of
<placeName id="t17420428-2-crimeloc15">Harmonsworth</placeName>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-crimeloc15" type="placeName" value="Harmonsworth"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-crimeloc15" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-2-off13 t17420428-2-crimeloc15"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-2-off18 t17420428-2-crimeloc15"/>. My Shepherd came to me in the Morning in a great Hurry, and told me he miss'd two Sheep; they were mark'd R S on the near hind Hip. I ask'd him if he was sure that he had them in the Fold? He said he was, because as he was driving them along, a piece of a Bush stuck in one of them, and this very Sheep was one that was lost. He likewise told me that he saw 3 Men go by the Fold over Night, upon which I went to Sir
<persName id="t17420428-2-person63"> Thomas Reynolds
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person63" type="surname" value="Reynolds"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person63" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person63" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and got a Warrant to search the House of *
<persName id="t17420428-2-person64"> Joseph Pigg
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person64" type="surname" value="Pigg"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person64" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person64" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> : Just as we got to Pigg's Door, and Chance came out of the House and ran away. We went up Stairs, and in the Chimney corner I saw something cover'd with a sort of a Rug; I pull'd the Rug away and found my two Sheep-skins, and on putting the Skins away I saw a couple of Butter Firkins, in which were the Blood and the Guts. After that, I search'd a little Closet, and found a whole Carcase wrapp'd up in a Cloth, and another cut into Quarters. The next Day I sent 5 or 6 Men and Horses after the Men that ran away; they took Pigg and Chance, but the Prisoner has escap'd 'till now.</p>
<p>*Pigg was tried for this Fact last Sessions and convicted.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-2-person65"> James Tillier
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person65" type="surname" value="Tillier"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person65" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person65" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . My Master lost two Weather Sheep, and we found them in
<persName id="t17420428-2-person66"> Joseph Pigg
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person66" type="surname" value="Pigg"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person66" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person66" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's House; I am sure the Skins were his. I saw Pigg, Chance and the Prisoner go by the Fold about 4 in the Afternoon; they look'd very hard at me and I at them, and took particular Notice of them. The next Morning I went into the Fold among the Sheep, and miss'd two, one of them had a Bush upon him, and which I pull'd off over Night.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-2-person67"> Jeremiah Chance
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person67" type="surname" value="Chance"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person67" type="given" value="Jeremiah"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person67" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .
<persName id="t17420428-2-person68"> John Carpenter
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person68" type="surname" value="Carpenter"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person68" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person68" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Pigg and I took two Sheep out of a Fold; I can't say whose Fold it was, but we saw a young Man sitting by it over Night, to the best of my Knowledge it was this Man ( Tillier ) I can't tell when this was, but I remember it was the Night before they came to search Pigg's House. I gave Pigg a Shilling to fetch some Bread and Beer, and he went to an Alehouse, but came back again without it, and told his Wife they were coming to search. I was then cutting out one of the Sheep in a little Closet, and his Wife desired me to stay and not leave her alone. She gave me some Carpenter's Tools to carry out, and I dropp'd them at the Door, and met a great many People coming to search for the Sheep. I walk'd pretty leisurely 'till I got past the People; and when I got out of Sight I ran, and made the best of my way for Staines, and as I was going across the Moor, I met with Pigg, and we went together to one Clements's, at Grubb's Hill in Surrey, and Carpenter the Prisoner came there to us. I can't say that I remember any particular Discourse between us, but Pigg went on the Sunday following to see his Wife and was apprehended for this Fact.</p>
<p>A Witness. The Prisoner's Friends liv'd at Staines: I put him Apprentice myself, and never heard but that he was an honest industrious Fellow. His Friends are as honest People as ever were born.
<rs id="t17420428-2-verdict16" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-2-verdict16" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>,
<rs id="t17420428-2-punish17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-2-punish17" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-2-defend59 t17420428-2-punish17"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280005"/>He was a second Time indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-2-off18" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-2-off18" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-off18" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing two Weather Sheep, val. 40 s. </rs> the Property of
<persName id="t17420428-2-victim70" type="victimName"> John Dalton
<interp inst="t17420428-2-victim70" type="surname" value="Dalton"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-victim70" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-victim70" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17420428-2-cd19" type="crimeDate">Dec. 25</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-2-off13 t17420428-2-cd19"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-2-off18 t17420428-2-cd19"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-2-person71"> John Dalton
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person71" type="surname" value="Dalton"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person71" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person71" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I lost four Sheep, two on Christmas-Eve, and two the Night before. I afterwards found the Skin of one of them hung upon a Cherry-tree, but the Fat and Carcase were gone. I likewise found the Skin of another in another Ground, and the Head with it.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-2-person72"> Jeremiah Chance
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person72" type="surname" value="Chance"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person72" type="given" value="Jeremiah"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-2-person72" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I can't say from whom we stole these Sheep, but on Michaelmas Eve, Nat. Millis, Carpenter and I went and met Pigg, and going along, Carpenter and Millis went into a Barn, and took two Sacks, after which we went to Staines, and took two Sheep. This was on Michaelmas Eve and I never had been there before, but I remember we went over a sort of a Stile, and into a Ground by a Hay-rick.</p>
<p>Dalton. I believe they drove the Sheep in there, for the Blood was run into the Ground, and one of the Skins was buried in the Hay.</p>
<p>Q to Chance. Are you sure the Prisoner was with you on this Errand?</p>
<p>Chance. Yes, we fetch'd three Sheep up, and to the best of my Knowledge there was one Bell Sheep among them. We catch'd a couple, and that which Carpenter had was not a very good one, so we let it go, and took another. I think likewise there was a Black Sheep among them.</p>
<p>Dalton. I had one Bell Sheep and a Black one among mine.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-2-verdict20" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-2-verdict20" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>,
<rs id="t17420428-2-punish21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-2-punish21" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-2-defend59 t17420428-2-punish21"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17420428-3">
<interp inst="t17420428-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3" type="year" value="1742"/>
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<interp inst="t17420428-3" type="date" value="17420428"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-3-off23-c66" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-3-defend74 t17420428-3-off23 t17420428-3-verdict26"/>
<persName id="t17420428-3-defend74" type="defendantName"> Edmund Larrat
<interp inst="t17420428-3-defend74" type="surname" value="Larrat"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-defend74" type="given" value="Edmund"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-defend74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17420428-3-defloc22">Stepney</placeName>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-defloc22" type="placeName" value="Stepney"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-defloc22" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-3-defend74 t17420428-3-defloc22"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-3-off23" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-3-off23" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-off23" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing a weather Sheep, val. 40 s. </rs> the Property of
<persName id="t17420428-3-victim76" type="victimName"> Thomas Wigans
<interp inst="t17420428-3-victim76" type="surname" value="Wigans"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-victim76" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-victim76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-3-off23 t17420428-3-victim76"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17420428-3-cd24" type="crimeDate">April 11</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-3-off23 t17420428-3-cd24"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-3-person77"> Thomas Wigans
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person77" type="surname" value="Wigans"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person77" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I lost a Weather Sheep out of
<placeName id="t17420428-3-crimeloc25">Poplar Marsh</placeName>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-crimeloc25" type="placeName" value="Poplar Marsh"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-crimeloc25" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-3-off23 t17420428-3-crimeloc25"/>, and Mr. Grainger a Carpenter, informing me that he had found some Wooll in
<persName id="t17420428-3-person78"> John Poor
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person78" type="surname" value="Poor"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person78" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person78" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's Lodgings, I had him taken up, and carried before a Justice, who admitted him an Evidence against the Prisoner. As to the Prisoner, I can't say any thing against him, only that we found two Skins in his Vault, but I can't swear them to be mine.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-3-person79"> Arthur Grainger
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person79" type="surname" value="Grainger"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person79" type="given" value="Arthur"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person79" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner is a Tenant to me at Limehouse. I sent a Man to clean out a House of my Brother's which was empty, and he informed me that the Boards were pull'd down between that House and the next, so that a Man could go out of one House into the other. He told me there was some Wooll, and part of a Hide, but he could neither make one thing or t'other of it. I ask'd him how long he thought it might have been taken off the Sheep ? He said he could not tell. Upon this I acquainted the the Butchers in the Butcher row of this, and we appointed to meet hard by Limehouse Church. The Prisoner generally was out in the Day Time, so Mr. Wigans and I went into the empty House to view the Skin, but we could not make any thing of it by the Marks. We then got a Candle and look'd down the Vault of the empty House, and saw a Sheep-skin at the Bottom of it. After this we got a Warrant from Justice Jones, and went to the Prisoner's Lodgings, designing to search there, and accordingly I endeavour'd to go into one Room, but a Woman who was there refus'd to let me come in. I then went up Stairs, but finding nothing, I came down again, and pull'd back the Spring Lock of the Room Door, into which I had been refus'd Admittance, and went in: there I saw three Parts of five Sheep cut out; this was in the Room on the Ground Floor. I likewise search'd a Cup-board on the Stairs, and found a parcel of Fat, which I suppose belong'd to the Sheep that were cut out as I have mentioned.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-3-person80"> John Poor
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person80" type="surname" value="Poor"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person80" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 17th of April, the Prisoner desired me to go down with him into the Marsh at Poplar. It was between 9 and 10 at Night, as near as I can guess. He laid a Plank over the Ditches, and we by that means got into the Field. He then caught a Sheep and kill'd it, after which he took out the Guts and ridded the Fat and put it into a Bag. After that he cut the Sheep in halves, and put one half in one Bag, and the other half in another. Then we went over the Plank again and brought it Home.</p>
<p>Q. What did he do with the Skin?</p>
<p>Poor. I can't tell, I did not see him skin it. He carry'd the Sheep Home and put it down on the Floor in the lower Room. He then try'd the Fat in an iron Pot, and went out with
<persName id="t17420428-3-person81"> Ann Macdonnald
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person81" type="surname" value="Macdonnald"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person81" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person81" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> to sell it.</p>
<p>Q. How came he to take you with him to steal this Sheep?</p>
<p>Poor. I help'd him to carry it Home: I was a little in Liquor, and he persuaded me to go down into the Marsh with him to take a Sheep.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know that the Prisoner went to sell the Fat?</p>
<p>Poor. He told me he would. I know this was Mr. Wigan's Sheep because he miss'd it out of an enclosed Place where he puts his Sheep.</p>
<p>Jury. I think he says he went over the Ditch into the Marsh, where was he when the Sheep was skin'd that he did not see it?</p>
<p>Poor. It was not skin'd there, but carried home in the Skin; he cut it in two without skinning.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280006"/>Pris. Ask him if he had any Part of the Money?</p>
<p>Poor. I had no part of any Money except what the Fat sold for</p>
<p>Pris. I never ask'd him to go with me; it was his own Proposal.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-3-person82"> William Rogers
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person82" type="surname" value="Rogers"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person82" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-3-person82" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am Marsh-man, and I look after the Marshes for a great many Butchers. I saw the Meat in the Prisoner's House, but the Skin was so bad, that we could not make any Thing of it. There was a good Shoulder, and there was a Leg and a Loin that lay in the Hole and stunk; this was about 3 Weeks ago, and the Day after we miss'd the Sheep.</p>
<p>Pris. This Thing that he charges me with, I did not steal it, I found it by the Shipwright's Yard, just by Limehouse Causeway.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-3-verdict26" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-3-verdict26" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>,
<rs id="t17420428-3-punish27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-3-punish27" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-3-defend74 t17420428-3-punish27"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17420428-4">
<interp inst="t17420428-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4" type="year" value="1742"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17420428"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4" type="date" value="17420428"/>
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<p>5 +
<persName id="t17420428-4-defend83" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Powel
<interp inst="t17420428-4-defend83" type="surname" value="Powel"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-defend83" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-defend83" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17420428-4-defloc28">St. Martin in the Fields</placeName>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-defloc28" type="placeName" value="St. Martin in the Fields"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-defloc28" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-4-defend83 t17420428-4-defloc28"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-4-off29" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-4-off29" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-off29" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing a lac'd Mob, val. 1 l. 2 Linnen Aprons, val. 4 s. a silk Handkerchief, val. 2 s. a Case of Instruments, val. 4 s 28 Portugal Pieces, val. 43 l. 4 s. a 2 Guinea Piece, 9 Guineas and 15 s. the Goods and Money of
<persName id="t17420428-4-victim85" type="victimName"> Martha Hammers
<interp inst="t17420428-4-victim85" type="surname" value="Hammers"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-victim85" type="given" value="Martha"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-victim85" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-4-off29 t17420428-4-victim85"/> </persName> , in her Dwelling house </rs>, March 29.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-4-person86"> Martha Hammers
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person86" type="surname" value="Hammers"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person86" type="given" value="Martha"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person86" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . On the 29th Day of March last, the Prisoner robb'd my House in
<placeName id="t17420428-4-crimeloc30">Hungerford-Market</placeName>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-crimeloc30" type="placeName" value="Hungerford-Market"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-crimeloc30" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-4-off29 t17420428-4-crimeloc30"/>, of a Mob, 2 Aprons, and several other Things mention'd in the Indictment, and about 50 l. in Money. They were taken out of the Drawers in my Bed-chamber. The Prisoner had been my
<rs id="t17420428-4-deflabel31" type="occupation">Servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-4-defend83 t17420428-4-deflabel31"/> about nine Months before, and I did not mistrust her 'till I was informed by one
<persName id="t17420428-4-person87"> Mary Hutchinson
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person87" type="surname" value="Hutchinson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person87" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person87" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> that such a Person had such and such Things which I knew to be mine. Upon that I went to seek after them. I took the Prisoner up and carry'd her before Justice Copeland in Surrey, where she own'd the Fact and sign'd her Confession?</p>
<p>Q. Have you any other Knowledge of her taking these Things but by her Confession?</p>
<p>Hammers No; the Prisoner was search'd in the Watch-house by the Constable's Orders before she went to the Justice's, and there were found upon her a 3 l. 12 s. piece, two 36 s. pieces, a Guinea and 2 s. the rest of the Money was taken from another Person whom she gave it to, and who is a Prisoner in the King's Bench, his Name is Loveit.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to know it was in his Hand?</p>
<persName id="t17420428-4-person88"> Ann Robinson
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person88" type="surname" value="Robinson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person88" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person88" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> told me she had deliver'd the Money to him. When this Money was taken from the Prisoner, she told me I might say what I pleas'd, but she never wrong'd me in her Life, but she had my Cap upon her Head at that very Time.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-4-person89"> Ann Robinson
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person89" type="surname" value="Robinson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person89" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person89" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The Prisoner and I lodg'd together in East Smithfield. On Monday about 6 o'Clock, - I can't tell how long ago it was, but I got up and let in the Prisoner. She had been out all Night, and she told me she had got her Money from her Mother in Law. She shew'd me a great many pieces of Gold in a little Trunk; they were very large pieces, and there were a great many of them. She went out and bought herself some Things, and then bought me a Gown, a pair of Stays, and a pair of Shoes, and made me a Present of them.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-4-person90"> Mary Hutchinson
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person90" type="surname" value="Hutchinson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person90" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person90" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The Prisoner went out between 7 or 8 on the Sunday Night, and said she was going to her Mother's to receive 20 l. that was left to her: I believe it was about a Month ago. She came Home between 5 and 6 next Morning, and this Woman (Robinson) let her in. She said her Mother refus'd to let her have the Money, but her Father had taken the Pocket Apron out of a Drawer and had given it to her. She likewise said she had got four Guineas, but I saw none, only some Silver and Half-pence, and a Case of Instruments; I am no Judge of Instruments, but it was a pretty large Bath-metal Case, and she shew'd me besides, a clasp Knife and a Bath-metal Thimble.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-4-person91"> Joseph King
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person91" type="surname" value="King"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person91" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Constable. I saw the Things in this Bag taken from the Prisoner in the Watch-house. I had one 3 l. 12 s. piece, and two 36 s. pieces, a Guinea, 2 s. a lac'd Mob and this Instrument-case from the Prisoner herself; the rest of the Things I had from
<persName id="t17420428-4-person92"> Beaumont Loveit
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person92" type="surname" value="Loveit"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person92" type="given" value="Beaumont"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17420428-4-person93"> Andrew Anderson
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person93" type="surname" value="Anderson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person93" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person93" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . This lac'd Mob, I saw on the Prisoner's Head.</p>
<p>King. These are all the Things that I have. This Mob was deliver'd to me in the Watch-House, but there was such a
<persName id="t17420428-4-person94"> Hurley Burley
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person94" type="surname" value="Burley"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person94" type="given" value="Hurley"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person94" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> , that I can't tell from whence it was taken, but the Prisoner gave it to me, and she was bare headed. She gave all the rest of the Things to me, and said there was all she had left of her Mistress's Mone, and that
<persName id="t17420428-4-person95"> Beaumont Loveit
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person95" type="surname" value="Loveit"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person95" type="given" value="Beaumont"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person95" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> had taken the rest from her. Upon that I took my Staff, and went directly to Loveit's; - he is a Bencher by the Marshalsea. I knock'd at the Door and ask'd him for the Money: he told us, his Girl had burnt the Trunk which it was in; but he pulled down a little Box like a Chest of Drawers, and produc'd this Money. I told him he had better return it; but he refus'd
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280007"/> to deliver it to me, so he went with us to the Watch-House, and laid down 19 l. 13 s. in the Prisoner's presence, and said, that was all he had; the Prisoner answer'd, No, Mr. Loveit, you have more.</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. This Mob and Instrument Case are mine, and were lost out of my House with the Money. The Prisoner confess'd when she was at the Watch-House that she had conceal'd herself in my House all Night, and that the Money which was taken from her was mine.</p>
<p>Q. When did you see your Money last before you miss'd it?</p>
<p>Prosecutrix I saw it that very Day in the Child's Trunk in my Drawer.</p>
<p>Hutchinson. This is the same Instrument Case that the Prisoner shew'd to me.</p>
<p>Mr. Anderson. I went with Mrs. Hammers in quest of the Prisoner to her Lodging, but she was gone out. We were very industrious in enquiring after her at several Places, and at last we took her in Kent street, and carry'd her before the Constable in the Watch-house, and upon searching her, these Things were found upon her. When this Money was taken out of her Pocket, she said that was all the Money she had: I ask'd her what she had done with the rest? for it was but two Days after the Robbery, and there was 60 l. 9 Shillings lost in all. Robinson inform'd me, that the Prisoner had given the rest of the Money to
<persName id="t17420428-4-person96"> Beaumont Loveit
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person96" type="surname" value="Loveit"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person96" type="given" value="Beaumont"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person96" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I then applied to Mr. King for Assistance, to go to Loveit, and we accordingly went to him. I desired him to deliver the Money to the Constable, but he refus'd for some Time; at last he agreed to go with us to the Watch-House, and did deliver the Money in the Prisoner's Presence.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-4-person97"> John Hodder
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person97" type="surname" value="Hodder"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person97" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-4-person97" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Watchman. On the 31st of March, between 10 and 11 o'Clock, Mrs. Hammers and Mr. Anderson came in a Coach to the Watch House, and ask'd for the Constable. I told them my Master King was gone into the Borough and so my Fellow Servant and I went with Anderson, and took the Prisoner in the Boot Alehouse. She made her Escape from us, and got into Boot Alley, and there we took her again, and brought her to the Watch-House. We found in her Pocket a 3 l 12 s. piece, a 36 s. piece, a Guinea, and some Silver, and the Mob was upon her Head when we put her into the Cage, but she afterwards took it off, and gave it to Mr. Anderson. We then went to Loveit's, and he brought the rest of the Money to the Watch-House.</p>
<p>Pris. Loveit and this young Woman got me in Liquor, and they both held together to take the Money from me as soon as I had got it.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-4-verdict32" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-4-verdict32" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>
<rs id="t17420428-4-punish33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-4-punish33" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-4-defend83 t17420428-4-punish33"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17420428-5">
<interp inst="t17420428-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-5" type="year" value="1742"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17420428"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-5" type="date" value="17420428"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-5-off34-c88" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-5-defend99 t17420428-5-off34 t17420428-5-verdict37"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-5-off36-c90" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-5-defend103 t17420428-5-off36 t17420428-5-verdict38"/>
<persName id="t17420428-5-defend99" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Pinner
<interp inst="t17420428-5-defend99" type="surname" value="Pinner"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-5-defend99" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-5-defend99" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-5-off34" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-5-off34" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-5-off34" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 2 Cloth Coats, Value 30 s. </rs> the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-5-victim101" type="victimName"> James Stringer
<interp inst="t17420428-5-victim101" type="surname" value="Stringer"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-5-victim101" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-5-victim101" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17420428-5-cd35" type="crimeDate">March 27</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-5-off34 t17420428-5-cd35"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-5-off36 t17420428-5-cd35"/>, And,</p>
<persName id="t17420428-5-defend103" type="defendantName"> Richard Wilkinson
<interp inst="t17420428-5-defend103" type="surname" value="Wilkinson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-5-defend103" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-5-defend103" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , for
<rs id="t17420428-5-off36" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-5-off36" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-5-off36" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving them knowing them to be stolen </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-5-verdict37" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-5-verdict37" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>; Wilkinson
<rs id="t17420428-5-verdict38" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-5-verdict38" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-5-punish39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-5-punish39" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-5-defend99 t17420428-5-punish39"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17420428-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-6-off41-c91" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-6-defend104 t17420428-6-off41 t17420428-6-verdict44"/>
<persName id="t17420428-6-defend104" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="t17420428-6-defend104" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17420428-6-defloc40">St. Martin in the Fields</placeName>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-defloc40" type="placeName" value="St. Martin in the Fields"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-defloc40" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-6-defend104 t17420428-6-defloc40"/>, was indicted for that
<rs id="t17420428-6-off41" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-6-off41" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-off41" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> he not having God before his Eyes, &c. on the
<rs id="t17420428-6-cd42" type="crimeDate">15th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-6-off41 t17420428-6-cd42"/>, on
<persName id="t17420428-6-victim106" type="victimName"> John Gilchrist
<interp inst="t17420428-6-victim106" type="surname" value="Gilchrist"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-victim106" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-victim106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-6-off41 t17420428-6-victim106"/> </persName> , in the dwelling House of
<persName id="t17420428-6-person107"> John Naydon
<interp inst="t17420428-6-person107" type="surname" value="Naydon"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-person107" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-person107" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , did make an Assault, and with both his Hands, to and against a certain Chair and a boarded Floor, the said Gilchrist did throw, and with both his Hands, divers Times on the Belly of the said Gilchrist did strike, giving him several mortal Bruises, of which he languish'd to the 16th of the same Month, and then died </rs>.</p>
<p>He was a second Time charg'd by Vertue of the Coroner's Inquest for Manslaughter.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-6-person108"> Hugh Heap
<interp inst="t17420428-6-person108" type="surname" value="Heap"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-person108" type="given" value="Hugh"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-person108" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> I was in the Room when the Thing happen'd; it was on the 15th of April, the Deceased came into the Room where the Prisoner was drinking, with a Pretence for some Salt, and he accordingly went to the Salt Box to take some out, which I believe was with a full Intention to quarrel with the Prisoner. There were some Words between them, and the Prisoner got up and gave Gilchrist a Push towards the Door, and bid him get out of his Company. Gilchrist then came back again, and the Prisoner a second Time desired him to quit his Company; upon that, Gilchrist hit the Prisoner a slap on the Face; they immediately clos'd, and fell on the Floor together. They had three Falls in the whole, one of them was over a Chair, and in the last Fall, some how or other, Gilchrist got the Prisoner's Finger in his Mouth, and bit it, and the Prisoner endeavouring to disengage his Finger, had his Thumb bit too. After this, they both got up; the Prisoner went home with his Mother, and the Deceased sat down in a Chair in the same Room 'till he return'd. The Prisoner (when he came back) offer'd to call for a Tankard of Beer to drink Friends with Gilchrist, but they did not drink together that I saw. Mr. Gilchrist about 9 or 10. Minutes afterwards, complain'd that he was sick, and went home with a Neighbour.</p>
<p>C. How long did he live after this?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280008"/>Heap. As I was inform'd, about five and twenty Hours: I never saw him afterwards.</p>
<p>C. Did you see any Bruise upon him?</p>
<p>Heap. I did not see any thing that could hurt either of them.</p>
<p>C. You say when Gilchrist came into the Room for Salt, the Prisoner gave him a Push ?</p>
<p>Heap. I believe he came with a full Design to quarrel, for by enquiring afterwards, I found he had nothing to eat with his Salt; besides they had Words before, and the Prisoner had left his Company the same Day. Neither of the Pushes could hurt him, and he was not hurt by him to the best of my Knowledge.</p>
<p>Pris. Q. Was there not a Sash Door going into the Kitchen, through which Gilchrist could see whether I was there or not?</p>
<p>Heap. Yes.</p>
<p>Pris. Q. Did I desire him to go out of the Room.</p>
<p>Heap. Yes; he gave him those Pushes, and desired him to walk out of the Room, for he did not care to keep him Company. I heard the Prisoner declare (the Day before this happen'd) to Gilchrist himself, that he never would come into his Company again if he could help it. I have known the Prisoner some Years, and never knew him quarrel with any Body before. As to Gilchrist, here are People that knew him better than I. I never saw him but 3 or 4 Times in my Life, and never drank with him.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-6-person109"> Thomas Hayes
<interp inst="t17420428-6-person109" type="surname" value="Hayes"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-person109" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-person109" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . It happened on the 15th of April last, I went to this
<placeName id="t17420428-6-crimeloc43">Heathcock Alehouse</placeName>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-crimeloc43" type="placeName" value="Heathcock Alehouse"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-crimeloc43" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-6-off41 t17420428-6-crimeloc43"/> in the Evening as I usually do, and in the Kitchen there are few but Neighbours come in. There is a Sash-Door which parts it from the public Room. When I had been there about a Quarter of an Hour, the Deceased opened the Door, and came in: he push'd between the Company, and went directly to the Salt Box. As he was going back again, the Prisoner told him he was a Scoundrel, and gave him a Push on the Elbow, such as would not knock down a Child of a Year and half old if it could stand: he bid him get out of hit Company, and repeated his Push, and presently after that, they said Gilchrist struck the Prisoner, but I being behind, did not see the Blow; however, they presently clos'd, and threw me, Chair and all down to the Ground. They got up again, and the Deceas'd fell against the Table, and from thence a-cross a Chair.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the Prisoner do any Thing to him when he was down?</p>
<p>Hayes. No, the Prisoner bid him get up, and said he scorn'd to take any Advantage of him; accordingly the Deceased did get up, and they clos'd and fell a second Time upon the Floor, the Prisoner uppermost: there were no Blows that I perceiv'd, and I was as near as any body could be. They were not down a quarter of a Minute, but they got up and clos'd again, and fell a third Time, the Prisoner uppermost again. Then Gilchrist got the Prisoner by the Finger, and in loosing that, he bit his Thumb, and then they both got up again.</p>
<p>Counc. Did you not see any violent fighting and Blows ?</p>
<p>Hayes. No, only hugging one another and falling.</p>
<p>Counc. Did not the Deceased come with Violence against the Table?</p>
<p>Hayes. Yes; they both came against the Table.</p>
<p>Pris Q. Had the Deceas'd any Occasion to come into that Room at all?</p>
<p>Hayes. No; for I ask'd all the People of the House whether he had any Thing to eat, and he had not. I can't say what his Pretence was for coming in, but I really believe it was to quarrel, because he peep'd over the Curtain to see if the Prisoner was there. I have known the Prisoner from his Cradle, living in the same Neighbourhood: I never saw him quarrel in my Life, but he behav'd always civilly. As to Gilchrist, when he was in Liquor, there was not an iller Temper living, and they tell me, he had not been sober 2 or 3 Days, and he seem'd to me to be a little in Liquor then.</p>
<p>Pris. Q. Do you apprehend any Hurt could proceed from those Falls?</p>
<p>Hayes. No, I don't apprehend there was the least Damage in the World.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-6-person110"> Isaac Smith
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<interp inst="t17420428-6-person110" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I believe Mr. Gilchrist was the first Occasion of this Quarrel, because he open'd the Door, and came into the Kitchen. He went directly to the Salt Box, took some Salt, and in his Return back, stood facing me and 2 or 3 more who sat on the same Bench. The Prisoner said, get out of my Company, what do you follow me for? you Scoundrel ! He was then sitting on his Seat, and told Gilchrist if he would not go out, he would shove him out, and he then gave the Deceased a Push and he fell into a Chair. The Prisoner again bid him go out; he said he would not, upon which he gave him another Push, and he fell down again. The Deceased
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280009"/> got up, and gave the Prisoner a slap on the Face, upon which they immediately clos'd, and some how or other the Deceased was shov'd into a Chair. The Prisoner said, get up you Scoundrel, for I will not take any Advantage of you; he then got up, and they both clos'd and fell more.</p>
<p>again, and I parted them, after which I saw no</p>
<p>Counc. Did the Prisoner seem to have any Prejudice against the Deceas'd?</p>
<p>Smith. None at all, but the Prisoner, as I was told, absconded his Company that Day in the other Part of the House, and went into the Kitchen to shun him. I saw no more than one Blow, because I had hold of the Prisoner's Mother, and I did hear one or two more, but I did not see them.</p>
<p>Counc. Did you hear the Deceased make any Complaint ?</p>
<p>Smith. He made no Complaint at the House, only cryed out, he has hurt me. I went home with him, and carried him up Stairs, and sat him in a Chair by the Bedside. He told me his Belly was hurt, and he liv'd after this between 25 and 26 Hours.</p>
<p>Pris. Q What do you apprehend he went to get Suit for ?</p>
<p>Smith. I don't apprehend he had any Occasion for it, but that he came in on purpose to quarrel. I have known the Prisoner about a dozen Years, he always behav'd well, but he was not sober at this Time. As to Gilchrist, he was when sober, a peaceable, good-natur'd Man, but when he was fuddled, as bad as bad could be, and he was then very drunk.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-6-person111"> Wm Bridges
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<interp inst="t17420428-6-person111" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was one of the Company, and was drinking in the Room when the Deceased opened the Door and came in. He went directly to the Salt-Box, and turn'd back and look'd at us all; upon which the Prisoner said, get out, you know I will not be in your Company, and gave him a slight shove, and push'd him against the Door. - not in such a Manner as to hurt him Gilchrist ask'd him, what he meant? and then the Prisoner gave him another shove; with that, Gilchrist struck him in the Face, and they clos'd together, and fell against the Table, the Table, they fell a-cross a Chair. prisoner bid him get up. for he would take age of him. Gilchrist accordingly got they had another Tustle, and fell on together: they got up again, and and I was not apprehensive that would ensue. They fell a third Time, and then the Deceased got the Prisoner's Finger in his Mouth, and made him cry out, and in endeavouring to disengage it, the Deceased bit his Thumb.</p>
<p>Counc. Was there no Violence us'd?</p>
<p>Bridges. No more than is generally us'd in fighting.</p>
<p>Counc. When the Deceas'd was down, did not the Prisoner knee him or beat him?</p>
<p>Bridges No, after it was over, he sat in a Chair, and hung down his Head; and then went to a Bench, and lay all along and groan'd. Several People there desir'd him to go Home, and at last Mr. Smith, and one of the Drawers carried him home.</p>
<p>Counc. Before he was carried home, did he not complain of having receiv'd hurt?</p>
<p>Bridges. He complain'd that he was not well, - to the nearest of my Thought. I can't say how long he liv'd after this, but I heard next Night that he was dead.</p>
<p>Pris. Q. Do you think the Deceased's real Design was to get some Salt?</p>
<p>Bridges. I believe it was to quarrel, for we enquir'd whether he had any Thing to eat with that Salt, and we found he had not. I heard that there had been Words between them, and that the Prisoner would not be in his Company if he could help it.</p>
<p>Pris. Q. Could Mr. Gilchrist see over the Sash-Door whether I was in the Kitchen?</p>
<p>Bridges. Yes, he was tall enough. The Prisoner bears a very good Character, and is a peaceable, inoftensive Man: As to the other, I apprehended he was in Liquor at that Time.</p>
<p>- Jones. I was Journeyman to the Deceased, and was at Home when he was brought in. He was set down in a Chair in the Shop, and he said, he had received his Death that Night, and cry'd out that he was murder'd, but did not say by whom. He seem'd very much disguis'd in Liquor when he was brought in.</p>
<p>Counc. Was he not sober before he died?</p>
<p>Jones. I can't tell that. He was brought in about a quarter past ten at Night, and died about twenty-four Hours afterwards.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-6-person112"> Mary Bineham
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<interp inst="t17420428-6-person112" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> I was a Lodger in the Deceased's House, and saw him when he was brought home The first Word he said when he came in was, that he had got his Death's Wound. He was very much in Liquor, and said sometime afterwards, that he receiv'd it from the Prisoner. I was frequently with him 'till he died, and he said it was a sad Thing for a Man to be murder'd
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280010"/> so. He died within four and twenty Hours afterwards.</p>
<p>C. Was he sober when he died?</p>
<p>Bineham I really can't say whether he was sober or not, for he never had any Rest from the Time that he came into the House.</p>
<p>Counc. What Character had the Deceas'd? was he very Quarrellonic ?</p>
<p>Bineham. Not that I know of; - he was a good-natur'd, honest Man.</p>
<p>- Allen. I was not in the Deceased's House when he came Home, but I saw him after the Quarrel. He sent for me 3 times before I went to him, but at last I did go to him; it was then a little after 11 o'Clock, and he was in his Bed. I found him very ill, crying out, my Belly! my Belly! I ask'd him what was the Matter, and he said he was kill'd by H - J - I ask'd him how it happen'd? he told me, ''He went in to '' fetch some Salt for
<persName id="t17420428-6-person113"> Billy Nind
<interp inst="t17420428-6-person113" type="surname" value="Nind"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-person113" type="given" value="Billy"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-person113" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and as he came '' back, the Prisoner got up, call'd him Scoundrel, '' and ask'd him what Business he had '' there, and gave him a Shove''. He said, '' They went to fighting, and when he fell '' down, the Prisoner knee'd him.'' I staid there 'till the Surgeon came, and saw him let Blood, and was with him most part of the next Day.</p>
<p>C. Was he sober?</p>
<p>Allen. He was in Liquor when I first saw him, but was very sober the following Day: He gave me this Account at Night, and repeated it again to me the next Day when he was sober.</p>
<p>Pris. Q. Was Mrs. Bineham there at the same Time with you?</p>
<p>Allen. I can't say; she was there several Times afterwards.</p>
<p>Pris Q Will you take upon you to say that at eight, the Morning the Man was sober?</p>
<p>Allen. Yes, I dare say he was.</p>
<p>Mr. Small. Surgeon. I was call'd to attend the Deceased the 15th of February. He complained of extreme Pain in his Bowels, and seem'd then to be pretty much in Liquor. I did not know the Man, so that I could not be a Judge whether it was the Liquor, or the Agony of the Pain; for the Agony was so great, that when I went to open a Vein in his Arm, he could not bear to be stirr'd without complaining.</p>
<p>I visited him next Morning, and he then appear'd to be in a dangerous Way. I informed another Surgeon of my Name, of the Condition I found him in: and desired him to go and see him; he accordingly did, and we declared him to be in imminent Danger. I saw him again in the Evening, after which I saw him no more 'till he was dead.</p>
<p>C Was he sober when you saw him the next Day?</p>
<p>Mr. Small. He gave distinct Answers both Morning and Evening to what Questions I put to him, and such as I think a sober Man would give; but I did not ask much about the Thing of him, because the By-standers are much sitter Persons to tell that.</p>
<p>C. Did he give you no Account?</p>
<p>Mr. Small. Yes, he said a Man with his Knee (I think he express'd it) stamp'd upon his Belly. I open'd his Body in the Presence of two or three Surgeons We found no external Bruises, but the Guts were broke in two different Places, which I apprehend proceeded from a violent Cause, either from a strong Pressure on his Belly, or a violent Blow. As the Man had been drinking, as I heard, for some Days before, the Gut might have been pretty much distended with Liquor, and any Thing of a Pressure or violent Push, might so far drive that Liquor from one Side to another, that where any Hindrance happened it might break the Guts through.</p>
<p>C. Is it a usual Thing when the Intestines are not diseas'd, that they should burst without leaving an outward Mark ?</p>
<p>Mr. Small. It is a very unusual Thing, and the Surgeons that were present, were of Opinion that such a Thing might not happen again in an Age There was no Sign of an Inflamation where they were broke, much less or Mortification, for they seem'd to be as good Order there, as in any other Part.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-6-person114"> John Maynard
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<interp inst="t17420428-6-person114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at the Heath Cock. On the 15th of April, the Prisoner and Mr.
<persName id="t17420428-6-person115"> William Nind
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<interp inst="t17420428-6-person115" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-person115" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came in and sat down in one of the bo; this was between 3 and 4 o'Clock, and Mr. Gilchrist was then in the Kitchen. He went but in a short Time with Mr. Smith, and sat in the same Box where the Prisoner and Nind were drinking. They call'd for a Tankard of Beer, and I drew it; Smith paid for it, and went away; then Gilchrist began to quarrel with the Prisoner, and said, D - n you, you Dog, I will fight you now, or at any time; I will kill you. The Prisoner told him he would not have any Thing to say to him, and would not keep him Company. Gilchrist then took the Prisoner
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280011"/> by the Nose, and struck him in the Face, and Nind standing up, Gilchrist struck him two Smacks in the Face. The Prisoner then paid his Reckoning, and went away to Mr. Smith's, and about 6 o'Clock came in again, and sat down in the Kitchen. The Deceased was then asleep in a Box in the other Room, and was very much in Liquor. I did not see him go into the Kitchen, neither did I see any thing of the Quarrel, but I am certain he had no Occasion for Salt, for no Body in that Room had any thing to eat with it. As to Gilchrist's Character, he was when sober, very good-natur'd, but when he was in Liquor he would make a great Disturbance in the House.</p>
<p>John Lambert I draw Beer at the Heath-cock, and remember the Afternoon that the Quarrel happen'd. The Prisoner and Mr. Nind were at out House together between 3 and 4 in the Afternoon. The Prisoner made an Officer to go into the Kitchen, but seeing the Deceased there, he drew back, and said, Gentlemen, I beg Pardon. They then went into the other Room, and call'd for Beer and Tobacco. When they had been there about half an Hour, the Deceased went out, but soon return'd with Mr. Smith; and went into the Box where the Prisoner and Nind were drinking. Smith said the Reckoning and went away, leaving Gilchrist behind. Then the Deceased began to quarrel, and call'd the Prisoner Scoundrel and Villain. The Prisoner desired him to be quiet, and got up to go on, upon which Nind desired, him to stay, and then the Deceased took him by the Nose, and gave him a slap in the Face. The Prisoner never offer'd to strike him or lift up his Hand; but immediately paid his Reckoning and went out.</p>
<p>C. Before the Prisoner went away, did the Deceas'd use any particular Expressions?</p>
<p>Lambert. Yes, he said he would fight him, the Prisoner in a merry way reply'd, What will you fight meant ? Why D - you ( said the Deceased ) at Sword and Pistol, and I will not leave you alive. Gilchrist was very drunk at that Time. Between 6 and 7 in the Evening, the Prisoner and Smith came in again together, and sat in the Kitchen. The Deceased was then asleep in one of the Boxes, and did not wake 'till between 9 and 10. Then he got up and rubb'd his Eyes, and look'd over the Sash-door of the Kitchen. Observing the Prisoner there, he went in towards the Chimney for some Salt, - Mr. Nind, nor any of the Company had nothing in the World to eat. I then went down for Beer, and when I came up again, I heard a rumbling and Noise in the Kitchen. I open'd the Door and saw the Deceased strike the Prisoner in the Face. Then they collar'd each other, and fell a-cross the Back of a Chair. The Prisoner got up, and told the Deceased he would not use him ill, and I believe no Hurt could happen, for the Prisoner got up that Minute from him.</p>
<p>C. Did Mr. Gilchrist seem to be sober.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-6-person116"> Lambert He
<interp inst="t17420428-6-person116" type="surname" value="He"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-person116" type="given" value="Lambert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-person116" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was pretty much fuddled, but had recover'd something: - I had known him half a Year and never saw him right sober in my Life.</p>
<p>C. Was he apt to be quarrelsome in Liquor?</p>
<p>Lambert. He would curse and swear and quarrel with any Body that spoke to him. The Prisoner always behav'd well, and I never saw him quarrel.</p>
<p>C. How many Falls did you see between them?</p>
<persName id="t17420428-6-person117"> Lambert Two
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<interp inst="t17420428-6-person117" type="given" value="Lambert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-6-person117" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in all; the first was a-cross a Chair, and the Gilchrist made up to the Prisoner again, but missing his Blow, run his Head against the Chimney-piece. Then they tumbled against the Side of a Table bound round with Iron. I did not see the Prisoner strike him or knee him, for as soon as they were down, one or two of the Company took them up directly.</p>
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<interp inst="t17420428-11-off59" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing a Blanket, val. 2 s. 6 d. the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-11-victim137" type="victimName"> Robert Bakewell
<interp inst="t17420428-11-victim137" type="surname" value="Bakewell"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-11-victim137" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-11-victim137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-11-off59 t17420428-11-victim137"/> </persName> , in her Lodging </rs>,
<rs id="t17420428-11-cd60" type="crimeDate">March 16</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-11-off59 t17420428-11-cd60"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-11-person138"> Mary Bakewell
<interp inst="t17420428-11-person138" type="surname" value="Bakewell"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-11-person138" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-11-person138" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> gave an Account of her letting ready furnish'd Lodging to the Prisoner, who told her that she was married and that her Husband was Butler to a Gentleman in Bloomsbury. That having some Reason to suspect the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280012"/> Prisoner had robb'd her, she demanded the Key of her Room, and upon searching, miss'd one of the Blankets from the Bed.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-11-person139"> Robert Test
<interp inst="t17420428-11-person139" type="surname" value="Test"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-11-person139" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-11-person139" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> depos'd, that when the Prisoner came the second Night to Mrs. Bakewell's, the Key of the Room was demanded that they might see whether all the Goods were safe. That the Prisoner denied that she had the Key, but upon Search it was found upon her, and afterwards the Blanket was miss'd.</p>
<p>The Prisoner in her Defence, said she had been very ill us'd in Goal, by a Woman who lay for a Fine, and that she had taken her Gown from her by Violence, because she had not Money to pay the Ward dues. The Jury
<rs id="t17420428-11-verdict61" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-11-verdict61" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs> the Prisoner.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17420428-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12" type="year" value="1742"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17420428"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12" type="date" value="17420428"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-12-off62-c116" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-12-defend141 t17420428-12-off62 t17420428-12-verdict65"/>
<persName id="t17420428-12-defend141" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Newbury
<interp inst="t17420428-12-defend141" type="surname" value="Newbury"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12-defend141" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12-defend141" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted, for
<rs id="t17420428-12-off62" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-12-off62" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12-off62" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a brown camblet Gown, value s. </rs> the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-12-victim143" type="victimName"> Elizabeth Bennet
<interp inst="t17420428-12-victim143" type="surname" value="Bennet"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12-victim143" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12-victim143" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-12-off62 t17420428-12-victim143"/> </persName> , the Prisoner in the last Tryal,
<rs id="t17420428-12-cd63" type="crimeDate">April 22</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-12-off62 t17420428-12-cd63"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-12-person144"> Elizabeth Bennet
<interp inst="t17420428-12-person144" type="surname" value="Bennet"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12-person144" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12-person144" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . When I was brought to
<placeName id="t17420428-12-crimeloc64">Newgate</placeName>
<interp inst="t17420428-12-crimeloc64" type="placeName" value="Newgate"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12-crimeloc64" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-12-off62 t17420428-12-crimeloc64"/>, the Prisoner demanded a Shilling for Wd dues: I told her I had no Money, but if she would please to stay 'till my Friends came, I would give it to her. She said that would not do, for she must have something in Pledge. I told her I had nothing to give her but my Gown, and I was not willing to part with that; upon that she and two more fell a swearing at me, and she said she would take it off by Violence if I would not give it her. I ask'd her whether she could answer stripping People? She said, - yes, who could hinder her, and then she took my Gown off my Back by Force, and I have never seen it since. I demanded it again once since that Time; and she said she could not give it me without I gave her the Shilling. She has often desired me to take it out before I had my Tryal, or else I could not have it all.</p>
<p>Pris. I was made a Ward-woman by the Partners, and when I got a Shilling I always gave them 9 d. out of it, and they told me if People had no Money, I must make it, or else I must pay it myself; and as for this Gown, the Prosecutor was starving with Cold and Hunger, and pull'd it off and I lent her 7 d. half penny upon it.</p>
<p>Bennet. I never receiv'd a Farthing of her in my Life.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-12-person145"> Mary Smith
<interp inst="t17420428-12-person145" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12-person145" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12-person145" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am a Prisoner, and saw the Prosecutor when she was going to pay her Dues. She said she had no Money, but she would pawn her Gown and Apron for them. The Prisoner offer'd to stay 'till her Friends came, but the Prosecutor immediately took off her Gown and colour'd Apron, and insisted on pledging them; what became of them afterwards I can't tell, but we all paid 1 s. for Ward dues, at our first coming in.</p>
<p>Bennet. This Woman was not in the Ward at that Time, and I never said any such Thing; besides I never had any colour'd Apron upon me.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-12-person146"> Margaret Wheatley
<interp inst="t17420428-12-person146" type="surname" value="Wheatley"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12-person146" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12-person146" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , I heard the Ward woman ask the Prosecutor to pull off her Gown for her Ward dues; she said she would not, but the Prisoner bid her strip, for she must have her Dues, and she accordingly had the Gown, but I could not see whether she took it off herself, for I was a-bed</p>
<persName id="t17420428-12-person147"> Margaret Clark
<interp inst="t17420428-12-person147" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12-person147" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12-person147" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I know nothing at all but that the Prisoner behav'd in a civil Manner, as ing any Person, I saw nothing of it. Bennet told me she gave the Prisoner Liberty to take her Gown, but I did not take any just Account when she said it. She never stripp'd me of any thing, but demanded Eight pence which was her due, and I paid it.
<rs id="t17420428-12-verdict65" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-12-verdict65" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-12-punish66" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-12-punish66" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-12-punish66" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-12-defend141 t17420428-12-punish66"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17420428-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-13" type="year" value="1742"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17420428"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-13" type="date" value="17420428"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-13-off67-c122" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-13-defend149 t17420428-13-off67 t17420428-13-verdict69"/>
<persName id="t17420428-13-defend149" type="defendantName"> John Emes
<interp inst="t17420428-13-defend149" type="surname" value="Emes"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-13-defend149" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-13-defend149" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-13-off67" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-13-off67" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-13-off67" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a pair of worsted Hose, val. 20 d </rs>the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-13-victim151" type="victimName"> Richard Coomes
<interp inst="t17420428-13-victim151" type="surname" value="Coomes"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-13-victim151" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-13-victim151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-13-off67 t17420428-13-victim151"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17420428-13-cd68" type="crimeDate">March 27</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-13-off67 t17420428-13-cd68"/>.
<rs id="t17420428-13-verdict69" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-13-verdict69" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-13-punish70" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-13-punish70" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-13-defend149 t17420428-13-punish70"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17420428-14">
<interp inst="t17420428-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-14" type="year" value="1742"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17420428"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-14" type="date" value="17420428"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-14-off71-c124" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-14-defend153 t17420428-14-off71 t17420428-14-verdict73"/>
<persName id="t17420428-14-defend153" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Lyons
<interp inst="t17420428-14-defend153" type="surname" value="Lyons"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-14-defend153" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-14-defend153" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-14-off71" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-14-off71" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-14-off71" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a Holland Shirt, val. 15 s. the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-14-victim155" type="victimName"> Richard Page
<interp inst="t17420428-14-victim155" type="surname" value="Page"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-14-victim155" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-14-victim155" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a Linnen Shirt, the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-14-victim157" type="victimName"> Edward Philips
<interp inst="t17420428-14-victim157" type="surname" value="Philips"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-14-victim157" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-14-victim157" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and 2 Aprons, the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-14-victim159" type="victimName"> John Botham
<interp inst="t17420428-14-victim159" type="surname" value="Botham"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-14-victim159" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-14-victim159" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17420428-14-cd72" type="crimeDate">March 13</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-14-off71 t17420428-14-cd72"/>.
<rs id="t17420428-14-verdict73" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-14-verdict73" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17420428-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-15" type="year" value="1742"/>
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<interp inst="t17420428-15" type="date" value="17420428"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-15-off74-c128" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-15-defend161 t17420428-15-off74 t17420428-15-verdict77"/>
<p>17 +
<persName id="t17420428-15-defend161" type="defendantName"> Sarah Birk
<interp inst="t17420428-15-defend161" type="surname" value="Birk"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-15-defend161" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-15-defend161" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of St. Mary Whitechappel, was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-15-off74" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-15-off74" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-15-off74" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> assaulting
<persName id="t17420428-15-victim163" type="victimName"> Robert Davis
<interp inst="t17420428-15-victim163" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-15-victim163" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-15-victim163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-15-off74 t17420428-15-victim163"/> </persName> , in the Dwelling-House of
<persName id="t17420428-15-person164"> John Murray
<interp inst="t17420428-15-person164" type="surname" value="Murray"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-15-person164" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-15-person164" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , putting him in Fear, and taking from him a cloth Coat, value 15 s. a pair of cloth Breeches, val. 6 s. a Calamancoe Waistcoat, val. 10 s. a linnen Shirt, val. 5 s. a Wig, val. 21 s. a Hat, val. 7 s. 6 d. a pair of Silk Stockings, a pair of Thread ditto, a pair of Shoes, and a gold Ring </rs>,
<rs id="t17420428-15-cd75" type="crimeDate">August 23</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-15-off74 t17420428-15-cd75"/>.</p>
<p>Robert Davis. Some time in August, I was coming from Hackney, and in
<placeName id="t17420428-15-crimeloc76">Well-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17420428-15-crimeloc76" type="placeName" value="Well-street"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-15-crimeloc76" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-15-off74 t17420428-15-crimeloc76"/>, just by the Sugar-Baker's, the Prisoner push'd me into a House; - I can't tell the Day, for I never design'd to trouble my Head with her, if she had not made her Binggs that she had robb'd me. One end of th is Well-street, comes into Rosemary-Lane, the other into Rag-fair, and there the Prisoner and another Woman pick'd me up, and would have had me into a House with them, but I being unwilling, they push'd me in. It was between 9 and 10 at Night - I have belong'd to the Tower these 30 Years, and she used me very barbarcusly and threatened my Life, - there she is, and she has made her Brags that she robb'd me of every Thing, and has made me
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280013"/> me scandalous all over the Tower. I believe it was Mrs. Murray's House, but nobody lives in it now, for it is knock'd all to Pieces. When I came in Doors, there were three Men in the Room and two Women, they had got a Stinkabus of Gin, and I would have given them a Gold Ring to let me go, but that would not satisfie them, for they stripp'd me stark naked. The first Things they took were my Hat and Wig, which were better than those I have on now, and my Shoes I have now at Home, - I wish I had brought them with me. After they had taken my Cloaths, they all ran away, and I was forc'd to send for more, for I could not go home naked. They put me into a sad Fright, for they threaten'd my Life, and if I offer'd to stir or speak a Word, they would, &c I was in so much Fear, that I cry'd and look'd out of the Window like a Madman; they stupified me, and burnt Liquor under my Nose; but I can't imagine how they got my Shirt off.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-15-person165"> Elizabeth Moore
<interp inst="t17420428-15-person165" type="surname" value="Moore"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-15-person165" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-15-person165" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I know that Man, (Davis) very well; he was robb'd in Well-street. I saw them take the Clothes away, - that Woman at the Bar was one of them. I was looking out of my Mother's Window, and saw the Prisoner go up to the Place where the Sugar Bakers put their Liquors, and put them in there.</p>
<p>Q. Who lives in the House where this happen'd?</p>
<p>Moore. Nobody lives there now; Mrs. Murray liv'd in it then, - she has a Husband, but I can't tell his
<persName id="t17420428-15-person166"> Christian Name
<interp inst="t17420428-15-person166" type="surname" value="Name"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-15-person166" type="given" value="Christian"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-15-person166" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. How do you know what the Prisoner carried?</p>
<p>Moore. I never saw the Clothes afterwards, but I took Notice that they were Mouse Colour.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. My Clothes were Mouse Colour.</p>
<p>Pris. Did he ever see me before.</p>
<p>Davis. I never saw her before she robb'd me.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-15-person167"> Ann Lawrence
<interp inst="t17420428-15-person167" type="surname" value="Lawrence"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-15-person167" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-15-person167" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The Prisoner came to my House about a Month ago, I ask'd her where she had been? She said, she was just come out of Bridewell. My Husband told her she would certainly come to be hang'd; she said, she should not, for she would never do so any more, and Newgate had groan'd for her a great while; for sometime ago (said she) I stripp'd a Man stark naked, and sold his Clothes. What (said I) was he an old or a young Man? she answer'd, that he was a good middling working Man, but an old foolish Son of a B -</p>
<p>Prisoner. I lodg'd in this Woman's House, and she is an Evidence against me out of Spite.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-15-person168"> Sarah Oakley
<interp inst="t17420428-15-person168" type="surname" value="Oakley"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-15-person168" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-15-person168" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The Prisoner and I were talking of her Robberies, and she said, she had pick'd up a Man in some Place by Well-Close Square, and carry'd him to a Bawdy-House, where she stripp'd him of his Watch and all his Clothes, and left him naked. I ask'd her whether he was a Gentleman or a young Man? She said, he was not a Gentleman, but an old foolish Son of a B - .</p>
<p>Pris. They are welcome to say what they please, I know nothing of it.
<rs id="t17420428-15-verdict77" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-15-verdict77" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17420428-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-16" type="year" value="1742"/>
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<p>18. +
<persName id="t17420428-16-defend169" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Howard
<interp inst="t17420428-16-defend169" type="surname" value="Howard"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-16-defend169" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-16-defend169" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-16-off78" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-16-off78" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-16-off78" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> privately stealing a Purse, Value 1 d. a Guinea, and 29 s. in Money, from the Person of
<persName id="t17420428-16-victim171" type="victimName"> Joseph Reeves
<interp inst="t17420428-16-victim171" type="surname" value="Reeves"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-16-victim171" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-16-victim171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-16-off78 t17420428-16-victim171"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17420428-16-cd79" type="crimeDate">March 8</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-16-off78 t17420428-16-cd79"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-16-person172"> Joseph Reeves
<interp inst="t17420428-16-person172" type="surname" value="Reeves"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-16-person172" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-16-person172" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t17420428-16-viclabel80" type="occupation">Higler</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-16-victim171 t17420428-16-viclabel80"/>. On the 8th of March, between 9 and 10 in the Morning, I had been to Leadenhall-Market, and coming by
<placeName id="t17420428-16-crimeloc81">Shoredith Church</placeName>
<interp inst="t17420428-16-crimeloc81" type="placeName" value="Shoredith Church"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-16-crimeloc81" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-16-off78 t17420428-16-crimeloc81"/> in my Way home, the Prisoner was standing at a Dram-Shop Door, and call'd me to her. She ask'd me some Questions, and then we agreed to go in and drink. She call'd for a Quartern of Gin, and after that, for a Pint of Hot, and then we went into another Room, where we stood pretty close together, and so she got the Money from me, and whipp'd out of the House. I immediately felt for my Purse, but it was gone, and I then cry'd Stop her! Stop her! but nobody did. I being a Countryman, did not know what to do, but this Gentleman, the Constable, went with me to the Justice, and got a Warrant, and came back to the House where I lost my Money. The Landlady pretended she did not know the Prisoner, and so we made further Enquiry after her, and found her about an Hour afterwards in the Vinegar Fields, and 25 s. 6 d. upon her. I am certain I had my Purse when I went into the Prisoner's Company, and as soon as she went out, I miss'd it.</p>
<p>- Bunch. I was Officer in this Affair. The Prosecutor came to me, and said he had been robbed over the Way, upon which I went over with him, and accus'd the Woman of the House, and ask'd her, how she could give Liberty for such Doings; she said, she knew nothing of the Prisoner, but I threatning to take her before a Justice, she confess'd the Prisoner was her Sister. Then we got a Warrant, and took the Prisoner. I ask'd her how she could be guilty of so vile a Thing, and she said, she had but 9 s. of the Man's Money; and that was given her for Favours.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280014"/> However I brought her away, and upon searching her, I found 24 s. 6 d. in her Pocket, which she could give no Account of: - The Money was stuck together with Yolks of Eggs in her Pocket.</p>
<p>- Davis. I have known the Prisoner these six Months, and better, and never have seen any Ill by her, but I have heard. - She has a very ill Character here, but I can give her none.
<rs id="t17420428-16-verdict82" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-16-verdict82" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17420428-17-defend174" type="defendantName"> Sarah Olsson
<interp inst="t17420428-17-defend174" type="surname" value="Olsson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-17-defend174" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-17-defend174" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-17-off83" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-17-off83" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-17-off83" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing four linnen Sheets, a brass Sauce-pan, a copper Tea kettle, 2 Plates, and a pair of Bellows, the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-17-victim176" type="victimName"> Henry Benfield
<interp inst="t17420428-17-victim176" type="surname" value="Benfield"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-17-victim176" type="given" value="Henry"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-17-off83 t17420428-17-victim176"/> </persName> , in a Lodging </rs>,
<rs id="t17420428-17-cd84" type="crimeDate">December, 24</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-17-off83 t17420428-17-cd84"/>.
<rs id="t17420428-17-verdict85" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-17-verdict85" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17420428-18-defend178" type="defendantName"> William Bristow
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<interp inst="t17420428-18-defend178" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-18-defend178" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17420428-18-off86" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-18-off86" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 2 Pounds of Butter, Value 18 d. </rs> the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-18-victim180" type="victimName"> Jeremiah Williams
<interp inst="t17420428-18-victim180" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-18-victim180" type="given" value="Jeremiah"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-18-off86 t17420428-18-victim180"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17420428-18-cd87" type="crimeDate">April 1</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-18-off86 t17420428-18-cd87"/>.
<rs id="t17420428-18-verdict88" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-18-verdict88" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-18-verdict88" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs> </p>
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<interp inst="t17420428-18-punish89" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-18-punish89" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-18-defend178 t17420428-18-punish89"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>21. +
<persName id="t17420428-19-defend181" type="defendantName"> William Nichols
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<interp inst="t17420428-19-defend181" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-19-defend181" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for that
<rs id="t17420428-19-off90" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-19-off90" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-19-off90" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/> he not having God before his Eyes, &c. on
<persName id="t17420428-19-victim183" type="victimName"> Thomas Waldron
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<interp inst="t17420428-19-victim183" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-19-victim183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-19-off90 t17420428-19-victim183"/> </persName> did make an Assault, and him did carnally know, and upon him, that detestable Crime call'd Buggery, did commit and do, against the Form of the Statute, &c </rs>.
<rs id="t17420428-19-cd91" type="crimeDate">Oct. 28</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-19-off90 t17420428-19-cd91"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-19-person184"> Thomas Waldron
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<interp inst="t17420428-19-person184" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-19-person184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , aged 13. About the latter End of October last, the Prisoner and I lay in the same Bed in
<placeName id="t17420428-19-crimeloc92">St. Martin's Work-House</placeName>
<interp inst="t17420428-19-crimeloc92" type="placeName" value="St. Martin's Work-House"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-19-off90 t17420428-19-crimeloc92"/>, and about two o'Clock in the Morning, when all the People were asleep, he used to give me Small-Beer and Bread, and then he, &c.</p>
<p>The Witness here gave a particular Account of the Prisoner's Behaviour, and being ask'd a Question which the Law in such Cases makes necessary, answer'd in the Negative.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-19-person185"> James Robinson
<interp inst="t17420428-19-person185" type="surname" value="Robinson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-19-person185" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-19-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> lay in the same Bed with Waldron and the Prisoner, and confirm'd some Part of the above Deposition.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-19-person186"> Ann Waldron
<interp inst="t17420428-19-person186" type="surname" value="Waldron"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-19-person186" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-19-person186" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , the Boy's Mother, gave an Account of his Complaints; but there not being sufficient Evidence to convict the Prisoner upon this Indictment, he was
<rs id="t17420428-19-verdict93" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-19-verdict93" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>, but was ordered by the Court to remain in order to be tried for the Assault.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17420428-20-defend188" type="defendantName"> John Moody
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<interp inst="t17420428-20-defend188" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-20-defend188" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-20-off94" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-20-off94" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-20-off94" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 30 Oak Planks, Value 3 l. </rs> the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-20-victim190" type="victimName"> Thomas Smith
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<interp inst="t17420428-20-victim190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-20-off94 t17420428-20-victim190"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17420428-20-cd95" type="crimeDate">March 2</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-20-off94 t17420428-20-cd95"/>.
<rs id="t17420428-20-verdict96" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-20-verdict96" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>23. +
<persName id="t17420428-21-defend192" type="defendantName"> John Flanegan
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<interp inst="t17420428-21-defend192" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-defend192" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17420428-21-defloc97">St. Dunstan Stepney</placeName>
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<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-21-defend192 t17420428-21-defloc97"/>,
<rs id="t17420428-21-deflabel98" type="occupation">Weaver</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-21-defend192 t17420428-21-deflabel98"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-21-off99" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-21-off99" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-off99" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> forging and counterfeiting a certain Promissary Note </rs>, for the Payment of 20 s. which said Note is contain'd in the Words following.Received of Capt.
<persName id="t17420428-21-person193"> Geo Spurrel
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person193" type="surname" value="Spurrel"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person193" type="given" value="Geo"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person193" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the Sum of Twenty Shillings, on Account of
<persName id="t17420428-21-person194"> David Richmond
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person194" type="surname" value="Richmond"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person194" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , which Sum I promise to pay on Demand, As Witness my Hand.</p>
<p>Hen. Miller.</p>
<p>Mar. 31, 1742.</p>
<p>Witness John Beach.</p>
<p>With Intent to defraud
<persName id="t17420428-21-victim196" type="victimName"> George Spurrel
<interp inst="t17420428-21-victim196" type="surname" value="Spurrel"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-victim196" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-victim196" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17420428-21-victim198" type="victimName"> Henry Miller
<interp inst="t17420428-21-victim198" type="surname" value="Miller"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-victim198" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-victim198" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>He was farther charg'd for
<rs id="t17420428-21-off100" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-21-off100" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-off100" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> uttering and publishing the same, well knowing it to be false, forg'd and counterfeit </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-21-person199"> George Spurrel
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person199" type="surname" value="Spurrel"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person199" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person199" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 31st of March last, after the Hour of twelve, I came home from the Hudson's-Bay House in Fenchurch-street, to my House on
<placeName id="t17420428-21-crimeloc101">Stepney Causeway</placeName>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-21-off99 t17420428-21-crimeloc101"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-21-off100 t17420428-21-crimeloc101"/>, where I found the Prisoner along with three Persons, who pretended to be Sailors I at that Time was in pretty great Necessity for Hands, and these Men agreed to go a Voyage with me, if I would lend them a Sum of Money to sit them out. The Prisoner told me his Name was
<persName id="t17420428-21-person200"> Henry Miller
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person200" type="surname" value="Miller"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person200" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person200" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and that he kept the Paul's-Head in Spittle-Fields, and was ready to be bound for them. Upon that, I told him, if he would lend them the Money, I would give him my Note. He did not care for that he said, but if they wanted any thing in his Way, he would be very ready to let them have it. At last, after some Disputes, I lent them first three Pounds, and then 20 Shillings, and he wrote this Note, and sign'd it in my Presence. These Witnesses happened to be in the Room at the same Time, and saw him sign the Recepts, and receive the Money.</p>
<p>The Note was read (as above)</p>
<p>Capt. Spurrel. The Person who witnessed this Note by the Name of John Beach, had failed with me before, and had the Misfortune to lose his Right Hand, and they pick'd him up to introduce them to me.</p>
<p>Q. Did you pay this Money to the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Capt. Spurrel. Yes, he told me he kept the Paul's-Head, and I was by that means more easily seduc'd to part with my Money. I told him I should expect my Money again from him, and he promis'd to return it in Case the Men were press'd.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know
<persName id="t17420428-21-person201"> Henry Miller
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person201" type="surname" value="Miller"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person201" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person201" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Capt. Spurrel. No, I was not acquainted with him, but trusted the Prisoner, thinking him to be the Man that kept the Paul's-Head, else I should not have lent him the Money.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-21-person202"> Mary Rodey
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person202" type="surname" value="Rodey"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person202" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person202" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I saw the Prisoner receive the Money of Captain
<persName id="t17420428-21-person203"> Spurrell
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person203" type="given" value="Spurrell"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person203" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> , and Sign the Receipt.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280015"/> This is the very Note, I saw him write
<persName id="t17420428-21-person204"> Henry Miller
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person204" type="surname" value="Miller"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person204" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person204" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . There were four Pounds paid in all, and John Beach witness'd the Note, and wrote his Name with his left Hand.</p>
<p>Another Witness. I was at Captain
<persName id="t17420428-21-person205"> Spurrell
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person205" type="given" value="Spurrell"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person205" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> 's to receive some Wages for my Husband, and this Man, the Prisoner, brought three others with him in a Coach, and took four Pounds; three Pounds first, and then set his Hand again for another Pound. He was the Man that took the Money, and Capt. Spurrel was very loth to let him have it.</p>
<p>Jury. What Name did he sign the Note by?</p>
<p>Witness. He sign'd
<persName id="t17420428-21-person206"> Henry Miller
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person206" type="surname" value="Miller"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person206" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person206" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Pris. I was order'd by Miller and his Wife to do what I did.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-21-person207"> John Connel
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person207" type="surname" value="Connel"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person207" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person207" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner works in Spittle-Fields, within a few Doors of me. I have known him 6 or 7 Years, and I believe he is a very honest Man.</p>
<p>A Man. I am a Smith in Brown-Street, and the Prisoner was my Neighbour, I never heard no Harm of him.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-21-person208"> John Huggins
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person208" type="surname" value="Huggins"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person208" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person208" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner liv'd in the House with me, and I never heard but that he was a pains-taking Man.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-21-person209"> Benjamin Rollos
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person209" type="surname" value="Rollos"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person209" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-21-person209" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him 6 or 7 Years, and always found him act in a very honest Way. I live in Wheeler-Street, Spittle-Fields.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Ask Mr. Spurrel whether he has not had some Satisfaction for this Note?</p>
<p>Capt. Spurrel. No, I have not.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-21-verdict102" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-21-verdict102" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>24, 25.
<persName id="t17420428-22-defend211" type="defendantName"> Matth.ew Fidlin
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<interp inst="t17420428-22-defend211" type="given" value="Matth.ew"/>
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<persName id="t17420428-22-defend213" type="defendantName"> James Stedman
<interp inst="t17420428-22-defend213" type="surname" value="Stedman"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-defend213" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-defend213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-22-off103" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-22-off103" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-off103" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing 700 Pounds of Lead, fix'd to the Vestry Room belonging to the
<placeName id="t17420428-22-crimeloc104">Parish Church of St. Sepulchre</placeName>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-crimeloc104" type="placeName" value="Parish Church of St. Sepulchre"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-22-off106 t17420428-22-crimeloc104"/> </rs>,
<rs id="t17420428-22-cd105" type="crimeDate">February 28</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-22-off103 t17420428-22-cd105"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-22-off106 t17420428-22-cd105"/>. And,</p>
<persName id="t17420428-22-defend215" type="defendantName"> Thomas Wilks
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<interp inst="t17420428-22-defend215" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-defend215" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , for
<rs id="t17420428-22-off106" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-22-off106" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-off106" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving the same, knowing it to be stole </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-22-person216"> Henry Herbert
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person216" type="surname" value="Herbert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person216" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person216" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I being Plumber to the Parish of St. Sepulchre, was employed by Mr. Haines, the Church-Warden, to go and see what Lead was stolen, and what there was for me to do, and found it cut and mangled in several Places. On Shrove Sunday we went about in pursuit of this Lead, and to no Purpose; but on the Tuesday Night following, about ten o'Clock, we went to the House of one Mr. Ball, where we happen'd to find some of this Lead cut into two and forty Pieces, which I am very well satisfied was Part of the Lead that was taken from St. Sepulchre's Vestry Room, for I compar'd them together.</p>
<p>Counc. How much is that Lead worth per Hundred?</p>
<p>Herbert. Twelve Shillings to be sure,</p>
<persName id="t17420428-22-person217"> John Atkins
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person217" type="surname" value="Atkins"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person217" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the Saturday before Shrove-Tuesday, Fidlin, Stedman, and I, knock'd down four Cocks in the Fields, and had them dress'd at the Harrow, over-against St. Sepulchre's-Church. When we had paid some of our Reckoning, we came out, and got on the Top of the Vestry-Room belonging to the Church, and cut the Lead: When we had got enough, we carried it Home to our own Lodging in Three-Fox-Court, in Long-lane by Smithfield. On Sunday in the Afternoon, we went to Mr. Wilks's to drink, and while we were there, Mr. Boomer, and another Gentleman came to search the House. The next Morning we carried 109 Pounds of Lead to Wilks, - he keeps the George in Fleet-Lane, and I had been very well acquainted with the House before. When we came there with the Lead, we saw Wilks's Wife and Daughter, and after we had been down in the Cellar to weigh it, we drank a Pint of hot Ale and Gin, and I then desir'd Wilks to let us have the Money. He ask'd me what Money I meant? I told him I had brought in some Stuff, upon which he call'd his Daughter Bitch, for not letting him know what we had brought. I call'd him aside, and told him, we had five or six hundred Weight more, and desir'd him no have it, except he could sell it, for it might be of dangerous Consequence. He ask'd me, if we had cut it to Pieces? I told him we had not, upon which he bid us go home and do it, and he would send his Daughter with a Porter to fetch it away, and he accordingly did.</p>
<p>Q. How much did you receive from Wilks for the first Parcel?</p>
<p>Atkins. We received 1 s or 18 d. a piece then, and he us'd to give us 9 s. 4 d. a hundred: it was agreed between us some Months before, that that should be a common Price for our Lead.</p>
<p>C. What Place did you tell Wilks to send for it?</p>
<p>Atkins. We directed him to Three-Fox Court, and by his Order, his Daughter went home with us that she might find out the House again. Soon afterwards Wilks's Daughter came with a Porter, and carried the Lead away to Mr. Ball's a Plumber's; I know they went there with it, because
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280016"/> the Prisoner Stedman took a turn or two with them, and he told me, they had lodg'd it there, besides I myself had carried Lead there for Mr. Wilks, which we have stolen before this. I believe I could know the Lead again if I was to see it, but one Piece of Lead is like another; we know it to be so by our Experience in cutting it. I work as a Plaisterer myself, and have known Wilks ten Months; he keeps a Shop and buys Old Iron and Lead.</p>
<p>Wilks's Q. Suppose you had gone to a Plumber, how much should you have got for the Lead?</p>
<p>Atkins. Eleven Shillings a hundred or thereabouts : but any Thing of an honest Man would have examin'd us about it: I never sold any to any Signification but to Wilks, and I can't say he knew this to be stolen.</p>
<p>Q. When you told him you had got more Lead at Home, what did he say to you?</p>
<p>Atkins. He bid us go Home and cut it to pieces; I suppose for Fear it should be match'd; but he gave us no Reason for his chusing to have it cut.</p>
<p>Pris. Stedman. Ask him whose House the Lead was carry'd to from the Vestry Room?</p>
<p>Atkins. To my Father's in 3 Fox-court.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-22-person218"> Samuel Banister
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person218" type="surname" value="Banister"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person218" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person218" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was employ'd by Wilks to be his Porter to carry Goods out. I never carried any Lead to Ball's before this misfortunate Time. He gave his Daughter Orders to go with me, and I went into 3 Fox-court and carry'd some Lead from thence up Mr. Ball's, the other Side of Leadenhall-market. I went 5 Times in all, two on the Monday, and three on Shrove Tuesday, and his Daughter went with me and saw the Lead weigh'd. I can't justly say what the weight of it was, whether it was 5 or 600 weight, but I remember there were 6 lb. allow'd for Dirt.</p>
<p>C. When you were in 3 Fox-court, who gave you Directions to take the Lead away?</p>
<p>Banister. Old Atkins and a young Fellow with sore Eyes: My Master's Daughter directed me where to carry it. He keeps a public House and buys and sells old Iron, and I never heard him accus'd before.</p>
<p>Wilks Q. Did you carry this Lead in a private manner as if it was stolen?</p>
<p>Banister. No, I carry'd it in a Sack, and they help'd me up with it.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-22-person219"> William Boomer
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person219" type="surname" value="Boomer"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person219" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person219" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Constable; gave an Account of his searching Wilks's House, and that the Prisoners were there at the same Time; that finding no Lead there, he gave over searching 'till Tuesday Night, when he receiv'd Information that some of the Lead had been carry'd to Mr. Ball's: That he went thither and saw some pieces of Lead, and the Draught of them set down which amounted to 600 and odd weight, but he could not say that this was the Lead that came from the Vestry Room, and that afterwards he found the Prisoner Wilks's Daughter there, who he apprehended came to receive the Money for what had been sold.</p>
<p>Mrs. Ball. I bought some Lead of Wilks's Daughter, and paid her 11 s. 6 d. a Hundred for it.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-22-person220"> William Duck
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person220" type="surname" value="Duck"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person220" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person220" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Wilks upwards of 20 or 25 Years; he has dealt in Tar and Grease, and has serv'd People who kept Coaches and Carts. His usual Character has been that of a Bustling Man, striving to get his Bread.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-22-person221"> Thomas Pitch
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<interp inst="t17420428-22-person221" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Wilks these 30 Years; he was first a Bricklayer and then a Chairman; since that, I have been at his Shop and seen Iron and Brass and such Things; - I can't say I ever saw any Lead there. He has born the Character of an honest, laborious Man ever since I have known him.</p>
<p>- Norcott. I have known Wilks the best part of these four Years; he has dealt in Brokery ever since I have known him. He keeps a Shop, and his Scales us'd to hang out at the Door: I have seen him buy and sell Iron and Lead as a fair Trader. I am a Wheeler and live in Thames-street; I lay out a great many Pounds a Year in Grease with him.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-22-person222"> George Field
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person222" type="surname" value="Field"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person222" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person222" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Wheeler in Tyburn-road. Mr. Wilks liv'd next Door to me for some Years: I have known him about 14 or 15 Years, but I have been little acquainted with him since he liv'd this way, though I have dealt with him for Tar and Grease. I always thought him an honest Man, and from the Knowledge I have of him, I don't belive he would buy stolen Goods.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-22-person223"> George Ludlow
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<interp inst="t17420428-22-person223" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person223" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17420428-22-person224"> Thomas Davis
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person224" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person224" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person224" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , George Fullick, Timothy Mitchel,
<persName id="t17420428-22-person225"> John Tharm
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person225" type="surname" value="Tharm"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person225" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person225" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17420428-22-person226"> Richard Lewis
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person226" type="surname" value="Lewis"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person226" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person226" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , likewise appeared for Wilks, and never heard but that he bore a good Character.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-22-person227"> Thomas Jones
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person227" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person227" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person227" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a Shop in White-cross-street, and deal in old Iron, I have known Wilks, about 3 Years, and have dealt with him for a great many Pounds. His Character I know nothing of but that it is very fair. A Penny a Pound is a common Price for a Bit of Lead, and I have bought a great deal myself for 9 s. 4 d. a Hundred.</p>
<p>- Beck. I can't say any thing as to his Character; I have no Dealings with him.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280017"/>
<persName id="t17420428-22-person228"> John Cole
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person228" type="surname" value="Cole"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person228" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person228" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him 14 or 15 Years; he liv'd in my Neighbourhood in Tyburn road, but I know nothing of his particular Dealings.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-22-person229"> Ann Parfitt
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person229" type="surname" value="Parfitt"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person229" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person229" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live in Fleet-lane, and did lodge at the Prisoner's House: He buys old Iron and makes Grease, and I have known these Fellows use his House. He is not look'd upon to be an honest Man in the Neighbourhood, for they say he bus stolen Goods; that is his general Character. He kept his Scales below Stairs, and weigh'd Lead there; these Men have come all Hours of the Night to bring it.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-22-person230"> William Boomer
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person230" type="surname" value="Boomer"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person230" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-person230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have heard of Wilks's buying stolen Goods continually, and have search'd his House and all the rest of the Lane, but I never found any thing upon him. Wilks went with me and assisted me to take the Evidence Atkins.</p>
<p>- Ford. I know Wilks very well, and he has the Character of buying stolen Goods.</p>
<p>Stedman and Fidlin
<rs id="t17420428-22-verdict107" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-22-verdict107" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-22-verdict107" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder5s"/> Guilty 4 s. 10 d </rs> Wilks
<rs id="t17420428-22-verdict108" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-22-verdict108" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-22-punish109" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-22-punish109" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-22-defend211 t17420428-22-punish109"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-22-defend215 t17420428-22-punish109"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17420428-23-defend232" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Twist
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<interp inst="t17420428-23-defend232" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-23-defend232" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-23-off110" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-23-off110" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-23-off110" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a linnen Shift, val. 18 d. 2 Caps, val. 1 s. a Frock, val 2 s. 6 d. and a linnen Shirt, val. 18 d. </rs> the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-23-victim234" type="victimName"> Daniel Maclean
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<interp inst="t17420428-23-victim234" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-23-victim234" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-23-off110 t17420428-23-victim234"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17420428-23-cd111" type="crimeDate">March 12</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-23-off110 t17420428-23-cd111"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-23-verdict112" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-23-verdict112" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-23-verdict112" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs> </p>
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<interp inst="t17420428-23-punish113" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-23-punish113" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
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<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17420428-24-defend236" type="defendantName"> Margaret Maddock
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<interp inst="t17420428-24-defend236" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-24-defend236" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17420428-24-off114" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-24-off114" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a pewter Dish, val. 1 s. 3 pewter Plates, val. 1 s. and a Copper Tea kettle, val. 6 d. </rs> the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-24-victim238" type="victimName"> William Bluck
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-24-off114 t17420428-24-cd115"/>.
<rs id="t17420428-24-verdict116" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-24-verdict116" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17420428-25-defend240" type="defendantName"> Patrick Donegan , alias
<rs id="t17420428-25-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-25-defend240 t17420428-25-alias-2"/>Dowgan</rs>
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<interp inst="t17420428-25-defend240" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-25-defend240" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-25-off117" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-25-off117" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-25-off117" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a Duffell Coat, val. 8 s. a pair of leather Breeches, val. 8 s. and a linnen Shirt, val. 12 s. the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-25-victim242" type="victimName"> James Morgan
<interp inst="t17420428-25-victim242" type="surname" value="Morgan"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-25-victim242" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-25-victim242" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and a cloth Cloak, val 2 s. the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-25-victim244" type="victimName"> Ann Ruck
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<interp inst="t17420428-25-victim244" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-25-victim244" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17420428-25-cd118" type="crimeDate">Feb 2</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-25-off117 t17420428-25-cd118"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-25-verdict119" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-25-verdict119" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>30, 31. +
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<interp inst="t17420428-26-defend245" type="given" value="Richard"/>
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<interp inst="t17420428-26-defend247" type="given" value="Charles"/>
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<rs id="t17420428-26-off120" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-26-off120" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-off120" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling House of
<persName id="t17420428-26-victim249" type="victimName"> Nicholas Falcon
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<interp inst="t17420428-26-victim249" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-victim249" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-26-off120 t17420428-26-victim249"/> </persName> , between Eleven and One in the Night, and stealing a Copper Saucepan, a Stew-pan, a Pottage Pot and Cover, a Brass Boiler, 2 large pewter Dishes, and 7 pewter Plates </rs>,
<rs id="t17420428-26-cd121" type="crimeDate">March 30</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-26-off120 t17420428-26-cd121"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-26-person250"> Nicholas Falcon
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person250" type="surname" value="Falcon"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person250" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person250" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t17420428-26-crimeloc122">Black-Swan-Alley</placeName>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-crimeloc122" type="placeName" value="Black-Swan-Alley"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-crimeloc122" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-26-off120 t17420428-26-crimeloc122"/>, near
<placeName id="t17420428-26-crimeloc123">London Wall</placeName>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-crimeloc123" type="placeName" value="London Wall"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-crimeloc123" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-26-off120 t17420428-26-crimeloc123"/>. On the 30th of March I went to Bed about Ten o'Clock, and next Morning I found my House broke open, and the Goods gone.</p>
<p>Q. What Part of your House was broken?</p>
<p>Falcon. One of the Prisoners got over the Door-way, and unbolted the Yard Door, and let in the others; after which they took a Pane of Glass out of the Kitchen Window, and so got in, and took my Goods.</p>
<p>Q. Does your Kitchen Window open to the Street ?</p>
<p>Falcon. No, it is backwards, but there are some Pales over the outer Door, about eight Feet high; they got over these, and so came into the Yard. I left the Kitchen Window safe when I went to Bed, (it was fasten'd with a Hasp such as usually are in Casements) but next Morning at 6 o'Clock, when I came down Stairs, I found it open. I had over Night providentially double lock'd my Kitchen Door, so that they could not get any farther; but the Shelves were clear'd of the Pewter, and upon examining a little Closet in the Kitchen, I miss'd the rest of the Goods mention'd in the Indictment. On the Sunday following, I received Information that the Evidence Veisey was taken, and by his Directions I found some of my Goods at the Places where he and his Companions had pawn'd them.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-26-person251"> John Veisey
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person251" type="surname" value="Veisey"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person251" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person251" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Night this Robbery was committed; the two Prisoners and I met together at Mr. Bagley's in Hartsborn-court; he sells Gin, and we always used to meet there. Newton propos'd going to this Man's (Falcon's) House, to take the Pewter, we staid at the Gin-shop 'till toward Eleven or Twelve o'Clock, and then went to this House. There is a Door in the Alley with some Pales over it like a Fence: I help'd Newton over, and then he unbolted the Door and let us into the Yard. Then Newton broke some of the Panes of Glass with his Hand; they were large Panes of Glass set in Lead. Cooley thought Newton did not do it fast enough, so he push'd him away, and broke some of the Glass himself, and turn'd the Bolt of the Window back. Newton went in first, and Cooley follow'd him, and handed out the Goods to me: there were a small Copper Pot, and Cover, a large brass Pot, 2 Dishes, a Sauce-pan, a Stew-pan, and some Plates: Cooley and I did not know the House 'till Newton shew'd it to us, we brought the Things from thence, and put them into an empty House 'till Morning, and then I pawn'd a Copper Pot and one Dish at Mr. Trofeir's somewhere by Clerkenwell, in Peter-street; and the Stew-pan I pawn'd at one Mrs. Davis's up an Alley in Golden-lane. Cooley and I afterwards went to steal some Rabbits, and I being taken for that made this Information.</p>
<p>Newton. Ask him over again.</p>
<p>Veisey. We met together at Bagley's in Harisborn-court, where Newton ask'd us to go along with him, telling us he knew a House where we might get some Pewter. We went thither and I help'd Newton over the Fence, and he unbolted
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280018"/> the Door and let us in. Then he broke some Panes in the Casement, but Cooley thinking he did not break them fast enough, did the rest himself and so open'd the Window. Newton went in first, Cooley follow'd him, and handed out the Things to me.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-26-person252"> John Veisey
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person252" type="surname" value="Veisey"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person252" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person252" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , sen. The Evidence is my unfortunate Son. I was present when Newton was examin'd by the Justice, and the Evidence's Information was read over to him. When it was read that he got over the Prosecutor's Pales, open'd the Back door, and let in the other two, the Justice ask'd him whether it was not so? He said it was. Then it was read, - that Newton and Cooley broke the Window and open'd the Casement; and he said it was so. It was farther read that Newton and Cooley got in at the Window, and deliver'd out the Prosecutor's Goods to the Evidence, and being ask'd whether that was right? He said it was. He likewise confess'd that there was a great Brass Pot that held 3 or 4 Pails of Water, which he sold to one Cartet, for four Shillings, and he told us where Catrer liv'd, but I don't remember that. Cooley was not before the Justice at that Time so I did not hear his Confession.</p>
<p>Newton. Ask him over again.</p>
<p>[The Witness repeated his Evidence as above.]</p>
<persName id="t17420428-26-person253"> William Garnet
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person253" type="surname" value="Garnet"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person253" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person253" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Constable. I was before Justice Poulson when Newton was there, and Veisey's Information was read over to him. I took them both, and they acknowledged every Thing according to the Information of the Accomplice.</p>
<p>Q. When the Information was read over, were both the Prisoners present?</p>
<p>Garnet. No, one of them was taken on Sunday Morning, and the other afterwards. Veisey's Father was before the Justice, when the Information was read to Newton, but I don't remember seeing him when Cooley was there.</p>
<p>Q. What Distance of Time was there between Newton and Cooley's being before the Justice?</p>
<p>Garnet. I think I took Newton out of Bridewell on Sunday Morning, and on the Thursday or Friday following Cooley was taken.</p>
<p>[Part of the Goods were here produc'd, and sworn to by the Prosecutor.]</p>
<p>Newton. I have got a poor Mother and 2 or 3 Neighbours to appear for my honesty.</p>
<p>Cooley. I was coming along and a Man laid hold of me and carried me to Bridewell, and said Veisey) had sworn House-breaking against me and Newton, but I am innocent.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-26-person254"> Elizabeth Newton
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person254" type="surname" value="Newton"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person254" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person254" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The Prisoner is my Son. I always was a very poor Woman, and took an honest Care to get Bread; my Child did the same, when it was in his Power. I applied to Coleman-street Parish to put him Apprentice, or fit him for the Sea, but they would do nothing for him.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-26-person255"> Elizabeth Thomas
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person255" type="surname" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person255" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person255" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known Newton 5 or 6 Years. He us'd the Markets, and has carried Fruit for me. I have trusted him with Money and Goods to the Value of 30 s at a Time, and don't know that I ever lost a Pin by him.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-26-person256"> James Rose
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person256" type="surname" value="Rose"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person256" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person256" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him 4 or 5 Years. I have trusted him to fetch and carry Goods for me, and never heard any Harm of him in the least.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-26-person257"> Mary Ward
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person257" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person257" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person257" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known him 7 Years: I am a Neighbour to him: He always was very willing to work in any Sort of Business, and I never knew nothing but that he was honest.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-26-person258"> John Holder
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person258" type="surname" value="Holder"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person258" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person258" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Cooley 8 or 9 Years: I take him to be about 14 or 15 Years old. His own Father is dead, but he lives with his Mother, who has marry'd a second Husband. He is a Copper Smith, and works at Home. As to the Boy, I never heard any Harm of him, nor ever knew that he wrong'd any Body.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-26-person259"> Elizabeth Delacourt
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person259" type="surname" value="Delacourt"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person259" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person259" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> I knew Cooley before he could run alone: I live next Door to his Mother, and don't know that he ever was from her. She us'd to send him to School, but since she married a second Husband, he has been upon liking with his Father.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-26-person260"> Mary Chum
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person260" type="surname" value="Chum"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person260" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person260" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I liv'd next Door to the Prisoner, and I know nothing but that he took a very good Course. He us'd to clean the Brasses for his Father-in-law</p>
<persName id="t17420428-26-person261"> Elizabeth Johnson
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person261" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person261" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person261" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Cooley is my Son: He has had a good Education in reading and writing, and what I could afford to give him. He always staid within Doors, but sometimes he has been drawn away, and once I found him at a Place where the Evidence Veisey brought him to.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-26-person262"> Elizabeth Pye
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person262" type="surname" value="Pye"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person262" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person262" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , Eleazar Gibbons, and
<persName id="t17420428-26-person263"> Matthew Moore
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person263" type="surname" value="Moore"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person263" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-26-person263" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , likewise appear'd to Cooley's Character.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-26-verdict124" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-26-verdict124" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>
<rs id="t17420428-26-punish125" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-26-punish125" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-26-defend245 t17420428-26-punish125"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-26-defend247 t17420428-26-punish125"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17420428-27">
<interp inst="t17420428-27" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27" type="year" value="1742"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17420428"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27" type="date" value="17420428"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-27-off126-c207" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-27-defend265 t17420428-27-off126 t17420428-27-verdict129"/>
<persName id="t17420428-27-defend265" type="defendantName"> James Page
<interp inst="t17420428-27-defend265" type="surname" value="Page"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-defend265" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-defend265" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-27-off126" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-27-off126" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-off126" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> assaulting
<persName id="t17420428-27-victim267" type="victimName"> Daniel Bean
<interp inst="t17420428-27-victim267" type="surname" value="Bean"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-victim267" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-victim267" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-27-off126 t17420428-27-victim267"/> </persName> (with another Person unknown) in a certain Street, putting him in Fear, and taking from him 13 d. in Money </rs>,
<rs id="t17420428-27-cd127" type="crimeDate">March 14</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-27-off126 t17420428-27-cd127"/> </p>
<persName id="t17420428-27-person268"> Daniel Bean
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person268" type="surname" value="Bean"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person268" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person268" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> On the 14th of March last I had been into Spittle Fields, and between One and Two in the Morning as I was returning Home through
<placeName id="t17420428-27-crimeloc128">Cheapside</placeName>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-crimeloc128" type="placeName" value="Cheapside"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-crimeloc128" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-27-off126 t17420428-27-crimeloc128"/>, near the Half-moon Tavern, I stood up to make Water, and then the Prisoner
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280019"/> and another Man in his Company, stopp'd me as I turn'd about to go Home. The Prisoner hit me a Blow with his double Fist, right against my Heart, and knock'd out my Breath for sometime. Then the other Man knock'd me down with a short Staff, or Truncheon, and the Prisoner put his Hand into my Pocket, and took out what little Money I had, which amounted to 13 or 14 d. or something more. After this, they beat me most terribly as I lay down, - they did not tell me what was their Reason for it. When they had us'd me in this Manner, they made off, upon which I call'd Watch! and then they turned back, and knock'd me down again, and left me bleeding. They beat this Eye out, so that I shall never see out of it, and I spit Blood for two Days. I know very well that the Prisoner was one of them, because he stoop'd down towards me; besides it was a Moon-light Morning, and there are 4 or 5 large Lamps just by; there was nobody with me but my Boy.</p>
<p>Pris. Please to enquire into his Character.</p>
<p>Bean. I am a Silk Weaver, and live in Baldwin's Gardens, by Leather lane, at the Sign of the Cradle My Wife is a Midwife, and I have work'd for Mr. Jackson, at the Golden-Head in Moorfields, these 17 Years.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-27-person269"> William Attley
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person269" type="surname" value="Attley"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person269" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person269" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have nothing to say against the Prisoner, no farther then that I took him just by St. Andrew's Church in Holborn; there were 4 or 5 Thieves with him. I can't say what Time it was exactly; but I believe it was about a Fortnight or three Weeks ago; Bean was with me, and as soon as he saw the Prisoner, he said that was the very Man.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-27-person270"> Timothy Bean
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person270" type="surname" value="Bean"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person270" type="given" value="Timothy"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , 13 Years old last Michaelmas, being examin'd as to his Knowledge of the Nature of an Oath, was admonished to speak the Truth, and gave the following Evidence.</p>
<p>That is the Man who came up to my Father first, and the other Man who was along with him, knock'd my Father down: I remember it was the 14th of March, because my Father set it down, but I can't tell the Day of the Week. My Father and I went to see for some Money, and coming Home, the Prisoner made up to him just by the Half moon Tavern in Cheapside, and struck him on the Stomach, and the other knock'd him down with a short Staff. Then they stood over him, and threaten'd his Life, if he made a Noise, and he said they had taken 13 or 14 d. from him, I can't tell which.</p>
<p>Q. Did they do any Thing to him while he was down?</p>
<p>Bean. No, they did not strike him; they only stood swearing over him. My Father made shift to get up, and when he call'd the Watch, they came back, and knock'd him down again, and then made off.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know that the Prisoner was one of the Men that robb'd your Father?</p>
<p>Bean. Because I have seen him three Times; twice when he knock'd my Father down, and once since that, by Honey lane Market.</p>
<p>Pris. I was standing at St. Andrew's Church, and Attley the Thief-catcher gave a young Man a Half-penny to get some Tobacco, and I ask'd him for a Bit of it. Then I went to Field lane, to get a Sheep's-Head for my Supper, and he came there after me, and took me.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-27-person271"> Wm Doleman
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person271" type="surname" value="Doleman"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person271" type="given" value="Wm"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person271" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I heard a Man ask the Prosecutor's Son whether his Father had sworn to the Prisoner; and he said, no, - he could not be sure. I am a Salesman at the Red cross in Chick-lane.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-27-person272"> John Raymond
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person272" type="surname" value="Raymond"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person272" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person272" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . All that I have to say is, that about three Weeks or a Month ago last Friday, I happen'd to hear that a Man was taken up for this Robbery, and seeing the Prosecutor's little Boy go by, I ask'd him if his Father knew the Man? He said, no, his Father could not be sure.</p>
<p>Attley This Man shaves all the Thieves in Thatch'd-Alley, and his Mother keeps a Brandy-Shop.</p>
<p>Raymond. I live in Chick-lane, and am a Barber and Peruke-maker, I know the Prosecutor very well; he always pass'd for a very honest Man, and I have shav'd him a great many Times.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-27-person273"> Edward Craft
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person273" type="surname" value="Craft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person273" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person273" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner 5 or 6 Years; I never knew no harm of him in my Life: He runs on Errands, cleans Shoes, or does any Thing in an honest Way. He has no settled Lodging, but lives at any Place he can pay for. I never heard but that he bore a good Character, and I bless God my Character is unstain'd if you please to examine into it. Out of good Will to the Prisoner (who I believe is as innocent as I am, and I desie the World to say otherwise of me) I took an Opportunity to examine the Prosecutor's Character through his Neighbourhood, and every House-Keeper gave him a very bad Character.</p>
<p>Maary Craft. I am related to the former Witness, and live in Beach-lane. I have known the Prisoner ever since he was a little Boy, and never heard any Harm of him; but was always
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280020"/> willing to do any Thing in an honest Way for a Bit of Victuals.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-27-person274"> Jane Scot
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person274" type="surname" value="Scot"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person274" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person274" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known him and his Family a great many Years. His Father was a Porter, and carried a Basket in the Market. I have reliev'd him with a hard Crust, and he was very thankful for it. I never heard that he was a Thief, but always believ'd him to be very honest.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-27-person275"> Rebecca Bristol
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person275" type="surname" value="Bristol"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person275" type="given" value="Rebecca"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person275" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known all his Family a great many Years, and always took him for a harmless young Man. I liv'd 24 Years in one House, and I am almost forty Years of Age.</p>
<p>Joseph Green. I have known him between 3 and 4 Years, and for the general Part, or altogether, he always was an honest, endeavouring Man, willing to get a Penny in an honest, tho' a mean Way. But I have one Thing more to say, - the Prosecutor, since the Company have been here, said to this Man, you Rogue you have said what you can't answer, and I will do for you when I get out of Court.</p>
<p>Q. to
<persName id="t17420428-27-person276"> Timothy Bean
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person276" type="surname" value="Bean"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person276" type="given" value="Timothy"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-27-person276" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Did you tell Raymond that your Father could not swear to the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Bean. No, he never ask'd me that.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-27-verdict129" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-27-verdict129" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17420428-28" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-28" type="year" value="1742"/>
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<interp inst="t17420428-28" type="date" value="17420428"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-28-off130-c218" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-28-defend278 t17420428-28-off130 t17420428-28-verdict133"/>
<persName id="t17420428-28-defend278" type="defendantName"> Reuben Kilburn
<interp inst="t17420428-28-defend278" type="surname" value="Kilburn"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-28-defend278" type="given" value="Reuben"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-28-defend278" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-28-off130" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-28-off130" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-28-off130" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a Cloth Waistcoat, Value 5 s. </rs> the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-28-victim279" type="victimName"> Geofry Johnson
<interp inst="t17420428-28-victim279" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-28-victim279" type="given" value="Geofry"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-28-victim279" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-28-off130 t17420428-28-victim279"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17420428-28-viclabel131" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-28-victim279 t17420428-28-viclabel131"/>;
<rs id="t17420428-28-cd132" type="crimeDate">March 2</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-28-off130 t17420428-28-cd132"/>,
<rs id="t17420428-28-verdict133" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-28-verdict133" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
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<interp inst="t17420428-28-punish134" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-28-defend278 t17420428-28-punish134"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17420428-29">
<interp inst="t17420428-29" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-29" type="year" value="1742"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17420428"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-29" type="date" value="17420428"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-29-off135-c220" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-29-defend281 t17420428-29-off135 t17420428-29-verdict137"/>
<persName id="t17420428-29-defend281" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Allwright
<interp inst="t17420428-29-defend281" type="surname" value="Allwright"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-29-defend281" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-29-defend281" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-29-off135" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-29-off135" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-29-off135" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a Yards of blue Baize, value 2 s. </rs> the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-29-victim282" type="victimName"> Philippia Carrington
<interp inst="t17420428-29-victim282" type="surname" value="Carrington"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-29-victim282" type="given" value="Philippia"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-29-victim282" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-29-off135 t17420428-29-victim282"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17420428-29-cd136" type="crimeDate">March 1</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-29-off135 t17420428-29-cd136"/>,
<rs id="t17420428-29-verdict137" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-29-verdict137" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-29-verdict137" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17420428-29-punish138" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-29-punish138" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-29-punish138" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-29-defend281 t17420428-29-punish138"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17420428-30">
<interp inst="t17420428-30" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-30" type="year" value="1742"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17420428"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-30" type="date" value="17420428"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-30-off139-c222" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-30-defend284 t17420428-30-off139 t17420428-30-verdict141"/>
<persName id="t17420428-30-defend284" type="defendantName"> George Mobun
<interp inst="t17420428-30-defend284" type="surname" value="Mobun"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-30-defend284" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-30-defend284" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-30-off139" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-30-off139" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-30-off139" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a Silver Punch Ladle, value 8 s. </rs> the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-30-victim286" type="victimName"> David Honnel
<interp inst="t17420428-30-victim286" type="surname" value="Honnel"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-30-victim286" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-30-victim286" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-30-off139 t17420428-30-victim286"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17420428-30-cd140" type="crimeDate">March 13</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-30-off139 t17420428-30-cd140"/>,
<rs id="t17420428-30-verdict141" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-30-verdict141" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-30-punish142" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-30-punish142" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-30-defend284 t17420428-30-punish142"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17420428-31">
<interp inst="t17420428-31" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-31" type="year" value="1742"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17420428"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-31" type="date" value="17420428"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-31-off143-c224" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-31-defend288 t17420428-31-off143 t17420428-31-verdict145"/>
<persName id="t17420428-31-defend288" type="defendantName"> Richard Roper
<interp inst="t17420428-31-defend288" type="surname" value="Roper"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-31-defend288" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-31-defend288" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-31-off143" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-31-off143" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-31-off143" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a Yard 3 quarters of Silk, value 6 s. 6 d. </rs> the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-31-victim290" type="victimName"> Edward Vaughan
<interp inst="t17420428-31-victim290" type="surname" value="Vaughan"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-31-victim290" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-31-victim290" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-31-off143 t17420428-31-victim290"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17420428-31-cd144" type="crimeDate">March 11</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-31-off143 t17420428-31-cd144"/>,
<rs id="t17420428-31-verdict145" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-31-verdict145" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-31-punish146" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-31-punish146" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-31-defend288 t17420428-31-punish146"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17420428-32">
<interp inst="t17420428-32" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-32" type="year" value="1742"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17420428"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-32" type="date" value="17420428"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-32-off147-c226" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-32-defend292 t17420428-32-off147 t17420428-32-verdict150"/>
<persName id="t17420428-32-defend292" type="defendantName"> George Henry
<interp inst="t17420428-32-defend292" type="surname" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-32-defend292" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-32-defend292" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-32-off147" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-32-off147" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-32-off147" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a Silver Spoon, value 8 s. </rs> the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-32-victim294" type="victimName"> Henry Dawkins
<interp inst="t17420428-32-victim294" type="surname" value="Dawkins"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-32-victim294" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-32-victim294" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-32-off147 t17420428-32-victim294"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17420428-32-viclabel148" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-32-victim294 t17420428-32-viclabel148"/>;
<rs id="t17420428-32-cd149" type="crimeDate">March 11</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-32-off147 t17420428-32-cd149"/>,
<rs id="t17420428-32-verdict150" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-32-verdict150" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-32-punish151" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-32-punish151" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-32-defend292 t17420428-32-punish151"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17420428-33">
<interp inst="t17420428-33" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33" type="year" value="1742"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17420428"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33" type="date" value="17420428"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-33-off153-c228" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-33-defend296 t17420428-33-off153 t17420428-33-verdict155"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-33-off154-c228" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-33-defend296 t17420428-33-off154 t17420428-33-verdict155"/>
<p>38. +
<persName id="t17420428-33-defend296" type="defendantName"> Robert Rhodes
<interp inst="t17420428-33-defend296" type="surname" value="Rhodes"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-defend296" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-defend296" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for that he, after the 24th of June, 1736, viz.
<rs id="t17420428-33-cd152" type="crimeDate">Sept. 3 d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-33-off153 t17420428-33-cd152"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-33-off154 t17420428-33-cd152"/>. made and
<rs id="t17420428-33-off153" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-33-off153" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-off153" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> forg'd, and did willingly act and assist in forging and making a certain Paper, partly printed, and partly written, sign'd with the Name of
<persName id="t17420428-33-person297"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person297" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person297" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person297" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , purporting to be the last Will and Testament of the said Thompson </rs>, which said Paper-writing is contain'd in the Words and Figures following, viz</p>
<p>In the Name of God, Amen. I
<persName id="t17420428-33-person298"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person298" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person298" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of the Parish of St. Giles's in the Fields, in the County of Middlesex, Mariner, being in bodily Health, and of sound and disposing Mind and Memory, considering the Perils and Danger of the Seas, and Uncertainties of this transitory Life, do, for avoiding Controversies after my Decease, publish and declare this my last Will and Testament. in Manner and Form following. First, I recommend my Soul to God that gave it, and my Body to the Earth or Sea as it shall please God. As for, and concerning all my worldly Goods, I dispose them as followeth. I give to my Friend,
<persName id="t17420428-33-person299"> Robert Rhodes
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person299" type="surname" value="Rhodes"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person299" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person299" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , all my Wages, Sum and Sums of Money, Goods, Chattels and Tenements whatsoever as shall be any Way due, owing and belonging to me at the Time of my Decease: I give, devise and bequeath the same to my Friend
<persName id="t17420428-33-person300"> Robert Rhodes
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person300" type="surname" value="Rhodes"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person300" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person300" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> aforesaid, and I do hereby nominate and appoint him to be my lawful Executer, revoking all former Wills. And I do ordain and ratifie these Presents to be my only last Will and Testament, in Witness whereof I have set my Hand and Seal, the 6th of September 1736, in the 10th Year of his Majesty's Reign.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-33-person301"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person301" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person301" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person301" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Sign'd, Seal'd, publish'd and declar'd in the Presence of
<persName id="t17420428-33-person302"> Mary Sempson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person302" type="surname" value="Sempson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person302" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person302" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17420428-33-person303"> John Williams
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person303" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person303" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person303" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17420428-33-person304"> William Davis
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person304" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person304" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person304" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>He was farther Charg'd for
<rs id="t17420428-33-off154" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-33-off154" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-off154" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> uttering and publishing the same, knowing it to be false forg'd and counterfeit </rs>.</p>
<p>Note, The great Number of Prisoners tried this SESSIONS, and the Length of their respective CASES, oblig'd the COURT to sit a Day longer than in the last: We have therefore been under a Necessity of dividing this into TWO PARTS, without which it would have been impossible to have given the Public a fair and impartial Account of the Proceedings. The Second PART, which will, among several Others, contain the Remainder of the Trial of
<persName id="t17420428-33-person305"> Robert Rhodes
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person305" type="surname" value="Rhodes"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person305" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person305" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; Pryor Green, and
<persName id="t17420428-33-person306"> John Bolton
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person306" type="surname" value="Bolton"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person306" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person306" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a Custom-House Officer for Murder, will be publish'd on FRIDAY next.</p>
<div1 type="frontMatter" id="t17420428-33">
<interp inst="t17420428-33" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33" type="year" value="1742"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17420428"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33" type="date" value="17420428"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280021"/>THE PROCEEDINGS AT THE Sessions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, FOR THE CITY of LONDON, AND County of MIDDLESEX, ON</p>
<p>WEDNESDAY the 28th, THURSDAY the 29th, FRIDAY the 30th, of APRIL, SATURDAY the 1st, and MONDAY the 3d, of MAY.</p>
<p>In the 15th Year of His MAJESTY'S Reign.</p>
<p>NUMBER IV. Part II. for the YEAR 1742.</p>
<p>Right Honble Sir
<persName id="t17420428-33-person307"> Robert Godschall
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person307" type="surname" value="Godschall"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person307" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person307" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>Printed and Sold by T. PAYNE, in Bishopsgate-Street, near the South-Sea-House. M,DCC.XLII.</p>
<p>Where may be had any of the former Numbers in this Mayoralty.</p>
<p>(Price SIX-PENCE.)</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280022"/>THE PROCEEDINGS AT THE</p>
<p>Sessions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, For the CITY of LONDON, &c.</p> </div1>
<p>THE Councel for the King having opened the Indictment, proceeded to take Notice that this Prosecution was founded on a late Act of Parliament, which was made to punish those who were guilty of a Crime of the first Magnitude, destructive to Trade, and all that Security which every one ought to have for their Estate and Property: That the Pers on mention'd in the Indictment by the Name of
<persName id="t17420428-33-person308"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person308" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person308" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person308" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was originally a Taylor, but that in March 1737, he enter'd on board his Majesty's Ship the Flamborough: that being indebted to one Carter in the Sum of 14 l. and being going on board the Ship, he gave a Letter of Attorney to this Carter, to receive his Wages: that he likewise made a Will, wherein he appointed Carter his general Legatee, and that he afterwards died on board this Vessel in August thirty-nine. Carter hearing of Thompson's Decease, applyed to Doctor's Commons to prove the Will that was left with him: that upon his coming there, he found that another Will had been proved, which was the Will in Question, and wherein Thompson was said to have appointed the Prisoner his Legatee, who must (in order to have been entitled to receive a Probate) have taken an Oath that that was the true Will of
<persName id="t17420428-33-person309"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person309" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person309" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person309" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . That, as soon as Carter found this Fraud had been committed, he made what search he could to find out this Rhodes, and at last received Information of him at Mitchell's Coffee-House near the Navy-Office, and he was afterwards taken up for this Fact. It was farther observed, that it was a great Misfortune attending this Sort of Men, that they are not only subject to greater Casualties than other People, but also leave their Effects under great Uncertainty; that upon the Probate of a Will's being produc'd, the proper Officer of the Navy is bound to deliver a Ticket for the Wages of the Sailor to that Person who appears to be entitled to it, and that it has been too much a Practice lately for Persons to set up Wills which never were real, to get into their Custody, that Pay which these honest Men have earn'd with the Sacrifice of their Lives, &c.</p>
<p>Counc. We shall call Mr. Roseindale to prove the Death of
<persName id="t17420428-33-person310"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person310" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person310" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person310" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Mr. Roseindale. I am chief Clerk of the Ticket Office in the Navy-Office; this in my Hand is the Muster Book of the Ship Flamborough. The Captains of the Men of War are enjoin'd as convenient Opportunity offers, to send their Muster-Books and Tickets as frequently as possible to the Navy-Office, and we endorse and enter them into such a Book as this, and they are assign'd once or twice in a Month to the Executors.</p>
<p>Counc. Have you not there the Names of all the Persons on board the Fleet?</p>
<p>Mr. Roseindale. Yes, all that are living, dead and run away.</p>
<p>Counc. If any body dies on board, does not that Book take Notice of it?</p>
<p>Mr. Roseindale. Yes, and it appears by this, that
<persName id="t17420428-33-person311"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person311" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person311" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person311" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , an able Seaman, died the 22d of August, 1739, at Turtle Bay, on board the Flamborough, and the Ticket was made out for his Wages, and sent to the Navy-Office.</p>
<p>Jury. When was the Ticket made out?</p>
<p>Mr. Roseindale. I presume, presently after the Man died.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280023"/>It was here urg'd by the Council for the Prisoner, that this was improper Evidence to be laid before the Jury, and not sufficient to prove Thompson's Death; that a Fact of this Kind should be prov'd by Persons who were on board the Ship, for that the Captain or other Officers of the Ship might through Mistake or Design, return the Man dead when he was really alive.</p>
<p>In answer to which, the Councel for the Prosecution said they were surpriz'd to hear this Objection made; for that according to the known Course of the Navy, the Names of all the Sailors that die, are regularly enter'd in a Book for that Purpose; that this Book was given in Evidence in December last in the Case of Fitzgerald and Lee; the Evidence of Perry's Death being only a Book of this Kind. That the Person who dies is always enter'd in this Book, and when it comes over here, the Consequence of that is, there is a Ticket made out for the Wages, and according to the known Course of the Navy, deliver'd to the Person who brings the Probate: That as the Prisoner stood indicted for publishing a Will, it was an Acknowledgment by himself that the Party was dead, unless he could go and swear he was dead, and prove his Will, when he is alive: That the Prisoner had actually receiv'd the Pay of that Man, and therefore he thought him dead or certainly he would not have gone to Doctor's-Commons to prove the Will; that if this was not Evidence to prove his Death, no Seaman could be secure of one Shilling which he was venturing his Life for every Hour he lives, &c.</p>
<p>By the Prisoner's Councel in Reply it was offer'd that there were a great many People on board the Ship who best knew whether the Man was alive or no, and that the Proof ought to be fuller in this than in other Cases; that notwithstanding the Prisoner might have prov'd this Will, that was not sufficient; for that a great many People had prov'd Wills, when it has appear'd that the Person was alive.</p>
<p>It was farther observed by the Councel on the same side that there was no such Thing as a Will while a Man was alive, for that he might controul it every Moment: That no Person appear'd here, upon the true Survey of the Ship to prove this Man dead, and therefore 'twas hop'd that what had been offer'd against the Prisoner, was not sufficient Evidence of the Death of a Man in a Case of Felony.</p>
<p>Upon the Whole, the Court were of Opinion that the Councel for the Prosecution should go on with their Evidence.</p>
<p>Counc. Did you make out any Ticket for Wages due to
<persName id="t17420428-33-person312"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person312" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person312" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person312" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Roseindale. No Sir, it was made out by the Captain of the Ship. I deliver'd it out of the Office to
<persName id="t17420428-33-person313"> Robert Rhodes
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person313" type="surname" value="Rhodes"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person313" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person313" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Executor, a Cheese-monger, at the Corner of King-street, St. Giles's I can't say I know his Face, by reason I see so many People coming backwards and forwards.</p>
<p>Pris. Q. When did you deliver out the Ticket?</p>
<p>Roseindale. This is the Ticket; I deliver'd it to Mr. Rhodes, Sept. 3, 1741.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-33-person314"> John Goodwin
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person314" type="surname" value="Goodwin"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person314" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person314" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . This in my Hand is an original Will.</p>
<p>Counc. Who deliver'd it to you?</p>
<p>Goodwin. I had it in my own Custody, as being Clerk to the Register in the Prerogative Office.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-33-person315"> Joseph Hughes
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person315" type="surname" value="Hughes"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person315" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person315" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . This Will was brought to me by the Prisoner, in order to his proving it.</p>
<p>Counc. Did you go with him to prove it?</p>
<p>Hughes. I wrote the Oath on the back of it, and went with him before Doctor Chapman to get him Sworn to it, and he did Swear to it. Here is a Copy of the Oath on the back of it; I dated it the 3d, of September 1741. I have seen the Prisoner before this, and since, for he has been to me, with People upon other Occasions.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-33-person316"> Robert Chapman
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person316" type="surname" value="Chapman"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person316" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person316" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . This is my Name on the back of the Will.</p>
<p>Counc. What was the Oath that was administer'd to the Prisoner?</p>
<persName id="t17420428-33-person317"> Robert Chapman
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person317" type="surname" value="Chapman"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person317" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person317" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Oath he swore was, that he believ'd this to be the last Will and Testament of
<persName id="t17420428-33-person318"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person318" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person318" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person318" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , deceas'd; that he was nam'd Executor, and that he would give a just Account of his Executorship when call'd to it by Law. This is only a short Jurat on the Back of the Will. He swore that this was the Will of
<persName id="t17420428-33-person319"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person319" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person319" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person319" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , deceased, and the rest was a Promissary Oath that he would duly pay the Debts and Legacies; and here is likewise wrote on the Back, that the Effects don't amount to 20 l.</p>
<p>Mr. Hughes. They bring the Will first, and the Jurat is wrote on the Back; then we carry them to a Doctor to be sworn, and this Will was prov'd according to the Prisoner's Directions.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go with the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Hughes. Yes, I went with him myself.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280024"/>[The Will was read.]</p>
<p>Counc. We shall now call
<persName id="t17420428-33-person320"> Samuel Boyden
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person320" type="surname" value="Boyden"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person320" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person320" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to prove that this is not the Will of
<persName id="t17420428-33-person321"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person321" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person321" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person321" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and that he was not a Mariner, nor of this Parish at the Time the Will bears Date; - Are you acquainted with the Hand-writing of
<persName id="t17420428-33-person322"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person322" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person322" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person322" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Boyden. I was so far acquainted with it, that I took particular Notice of his signing the Will to Mr. Carter, and to the best of my Knowledge this is not his Hand.</p>
<p>Pris. Q. Did you never see him write but that Time that he sign'd the other Will which you witness'd?</p>
<p>Boyden. I have seen his Writing, but never was by when he wrote: except when he made that Will which I witness'd. - I can't remember when that was.</p>
<p>Counc. I ask you whether in September 1736, he was a Mariner?</p>
<p>Boyden. No, he was not, he was a Taylor, and liv'd in the Parish of St. Mary le Strand.</p>
<p>Counc. I ask you whether he did, or did not live in St. Giles's Parish.</p>
<p>Boyden. Not to my Knowledge; I never heard that he liv'd there.</p>
<p>Q. Where did he live when you saw him make the Will?</p>
<p>Boyden. In White hart yard, in the Parish of St. Mary le Strand.</p>
<p>Q. Where did he live when that Will was made in 1736.</p>
<p>Boyden I don't know; he came out of Yorkshire as near as I can judge, about two Years before he went to Sea, and I sign'd that Will for Mr. Carter the Night before Thompson went on board.</p>
<p>Pris. Q. What Day did you sign the Will for Carter?</p>
<p>Boyden. It is impossible for me to remember that; I know the Time; but I can't remember the Day or the Year.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-33-person323"> John Gibson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person323" type="surname" value="Gibson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person323" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person323" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> I was acquainted with
<persName id="t17420428-33-person324"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person324" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person324" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person324" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in his Life Time. I can't say I ever saw his Writing before he sign'd a Will to which I was a Witness; - the Will that he made to Carter.</p>
<p>Counc. What Time was that?</p>
<p>Gibson. I believe in 37 or thereabouts; it was a little after the Queen's Mourning; - he was a Servant to me then as a Taylor.</p>
<p>Counc. Was he a Seaman at that Time?</p>
<p>Gibson. No, nor never had been a Seaman before.</p>
<p>Counc. Look at that Hand-writing there.</p>
<p>Gibson. It is nothing like his Hand. I saw both the Wills before Mr. Deveil, and that which I witness'd I can swear was his Hand-writing, but this is not.</p>
<p>Pris. Q Did you ever see him write since that?</p>
<p>Gibson. Yes, once at my own House; it was his Name to a Note of Hand: This Will is dated March 7, 1737. this is my Hand, and I saw Thompson write that at the Time it bears Date.</p>
<p>Pris. How long after that Will was made did you see him write his Name to the Note.</p>
<p>Gibson. The same Day.</p>
<p>Boyden. This Will is Mr. Thompson's Hand; I sat by him when he wrote it, and look'd particularly at it; I am a subscribing Witness to it, and it is not like the pretended Will at all.</p>
<p>Mr. Carter being call'd by the Councel for the Prosecution, it was urg'd on Behalf of the Prisoner that he was a Person interested, and therefore could not be admitted to give Evidence; that this was the same as a Case of a Note of Hand, where the Party who is bound by that Note comes to prove it forg'd, to secure his own Interest.</p>
<p>In answer to which, it was said, that the Consequence of this Suit could in no shape affect Carter, the other Will being already prov'd in the proper Court, and supposing the Will which the Prisoner stood indicted for should really prove a good one, yet Carter's Will being subsequent would destroy it. The Prisoner's Will bearing Date in the Year 36, and Carter's 37, making it indisputable: That this was not a private Prosecution, but a Prosecution in the Name of the Crown for the Benefit of the Public, that the Prisoner might be punish'd according to Law, therefore exactly agreeable to a common Case of Felony.</p>
<p>It was observed by the Prisoner's Councel in Reply that this was no Answer to the Objection; that Carter (who had a Will) was called to prove which was the real one, the 1st, or the last; that he was call'd to prove the Prisoner's Will false, and certainly he must have Benefit by that, for that then his own would stand without doubt. The Court being of Opinion that Carter was not a competent Witness, the Councel proceeded to call
<persName id="t17420428-33-person325"> Sarah Russel
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person325" type="surname" value="Russel"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person325" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person325" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Counc. Do you know the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Mrs. Russel. Yes Sir; I purchas'd this Ticket
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280025"/> of him, I think it was the fourth of September last: it was the very Day after the Ticket was delivered out of the Office.</p>
<p>Counc. Had you any Meeting with the Prisoner in relation to this Affair</p>
<p>Russel. He us'd to call very often at my House and drink a Glass of Wine.</p>
<p>Counc. What did he say upon this Occasion?</p>
<p>Russel. He shew'd me the Ticket, and ask'd me to buy it: I said I would if it was a good one: I sent over to the Office and had it cast with the Books, and paid him the Money for it.</p>
<p>Counc Did you ever see him with Carter?</p>
<p>Russel. Yes, I believe I have: I heard him say to Carter, if he could prove his Will to be good, he would make any just Agreement with him, for they both said that Thompson ow'd them Money.</p>
<p>Pris. Q. How long have you known me?</p>
<p>Russel. I can't remember; I don't take such Notice of Strangers, but I believe I may say a Year.</p>
<p>Pris Q. What do you take me to be?</p>
<p>Russel. A Man; I suppose.</p>
<p>Pris Q. Do you suppose me to be a good Man.</p>
<p>Russel. I don't suppose any Thing at all ar.</p>
<p>Pris Ask her whether she never heard of Sailors making three or four Wills to defraud different People of Sums of Money?</p>
<p>Russel I have heard People talk so to be sure, but I never had any Proof of it.</p>
<p>Mr. Goodwin. Sometimes I have 2 or 3 Wills from different Persons, and when we meet with any, we stop them.</p>
<p>Pris Q. Did you never hear of a third Will of Thompson coming to your Office?</p>
<p>Mr. Goodwin. No, I never heard of it.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-33-person326"> Barnabas Honeychurch
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person326" type="surname" value="Honeychurch"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person326" type="given" value="Barnabas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person326" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I knew
<persName id="t17420428-33-person327"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person327" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person327" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person327" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I was very well acquainted with him.</p>
<p>Counc. Did you ever see him write?</p>
<p>Honeychurch. No Sir, I was acquainted with him within a few Days after he came to London, which I take to be about 7 or 8 Years ago: He was a Taylor, and liv'd at the Swan and Apple-Tree in White-Hart-Yard, in the Parish of St. Mary le Strand.</p>
<p>Counc. Did you ever know him live in St. Giles's?</p>
<p>Honeychurch. No, never. I remember when he first went to Sea; it was about four Years ago last January, in the Year thirty-seven. He never was a Seaman before that, by what I have heard him say, and he work'd with me within a Day or two before he went to Sea. He has apply'd to several People who had been at Sea to inform him about the Business, for he was going Taylor to Captain Pierce of the Flamborough. He din'd with me almost every Day in the Week, and frequently supp'd with me except his Business call'd him another Way.</p>
<p>Pris. Q. Do not these Parishes join?</p>
<p>Honeychurch. No, St. Martin's Parish crosses them. St. Giles's is above Long-Acre.</p>
<p>Here the Ticket was read, - ''
<persName id="t17420428-33-person328"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person328" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person328" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person328" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , '' able Seaman, aged ( Blank) Years, died on '' board the Flamborough Man of War, Aug. 22, '' 1739, at which Time he was discharged by '' Reason of Death.''</p>
<p>19 l. 18 s. 1 d.</p>
<p>If your Lordship pleases, I can call one Man who was in the House when the Will was made to me.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-33-person329"> Robert Nash
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person329" type="surname" value="Nash"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person329" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person329" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Jones.</p>
<p>Pris. Q. Did you know Mr. Thompson that is dead?</p>
<p>Jones. Yes, his Name was
<persName id="t17420428-33-person330"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person330" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person330" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person330" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I knew him no farther than just happening into the Alehouse where the Will was making, and that was in Church-Court, by St. Martin's-Church, and I think it was at the Chequer Alehouse. I went in to drink a Pint of Beer, and there was Mr. Rhodes. I knew him when he liv'd at the Seven-Dials some Years ago, and for that Reason he spoke to me. At that Time the Will was making, it was fill'd up by one
<persName id="t17420428-33-person331"> John Williams
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person331" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person331" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person331" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , but I did not see it witness'd.</p>
<p>Pris. Q. Was there any Thing desired by Thompson or Rhodes at that Time?</p>
<p>Jones. Nine Pounds Mr. Rhodes disbursted at that Time to Thompson, as I understood, it was to sit him out, or something in that Way, and Thompson was to make a Will to him, and he was to receive his Pay; according to my Understanding it was so.</p>
<p>Pris Q. How long ago was this?</p>
<p>Jones. I take it to be about Michaelmas Time in 36 or 37; I was there present, and paid my Reckoning, and went away and left them together</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280026"/>Counc. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Jones. At the Back of St. Clement's; sometimes I work in Coals, and sometimes in the Plumbers Way as a Porter; I have work'd at Mr. Thomas's Wharf at Dowgate, and for Mr. Wardell and Colwell the Bottom of Dowgate hill, and sometimes I have been in a Branch of Leather-dressing.</p>
<p>Counc. Who did you live with last in the Plumber's Way?</p>
<p>Jones. Mr. Deval in Piccadilly; he has one Shop in Holborn, and another in Piccadilly: I have not been at Work that Way since three Months before Christmas.</p>
<p>Counc. Have you never work'd in the Plumber's Way since then?</p>
<p>Jones. I can't be particular to a Day: I have not work'd with any body since, as a Plumber, but I have been employ'd by Mr. Jones in Clement's-lane, who is what we call a Leather-dresser. I have work'd for him 2 Months since Christmas.</p>
<p>Counc. How long did you work for him?</p>
<p>Jones. Ten Weeks or two Months perhaps, as near as I can remember: the last time I work'd for him was about 2 Months ago: I came from Mr. Deval's, and went to Mr. Jones's, and work'd for him 3 Months before Christmas: I can't tell when I work'd last for Mr. Jones, for I had no Occasion to take Notice of the Day.</p>
<p>Counc. Did you work with him all the Time, from the Time that you first began with him?</p>
<p>Jones. Yes, till just now.</p>
<p>Counc. How long had you been acquainted with
<persName id="t17420428-33-person332"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person332" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person332" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person332" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Jones. Only the Time of the Will's making: I don't know that I have seen him before or since.</p>
<p>Counc. How do you know it was
<persName id="t17420428-33-person333"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person333" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person333" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person333" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Jones. Because the Man that fill'd up the Will call'd him so.</p>
<p>Counc. Was this in the Year 38.</p>
<p>Jones. No, I take it to be about 36 or 37: I can't justly say to an Hour, a Day, or a Month, because I only chanc'd (to go) in for a Pint of Beer, and I sat down in the Company.</p>
<p>Counc. Did you read the Will?</p>
<persName id="t17420428-33-person334"> Jones No
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person334" type="surname" value="No"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person334" type="given" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person334" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I am not Scholar enough I believe to read a Will.</p>
<p>Counc Who told you it was a Will?</p>
<p>Jones. I understood according to my Understanding, that the Will was made to Mr. Rhodes on disbursting so much Money.</p>
<p>Counc. Who told you this was Thompson's Will?</p>
<p>Jones. Mr. Thompson and
<persName id="t17420428-33-person335"> John Williams
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person335" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person335" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person335" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were together, and I saw him writing on the Paper: - I staid there half an Hour or better. I saw nobody else there but Thompson, Williams and Mr. Rhodes</p>
<p>Counc. Did you see the Will sign'd?</p>
<p>Jones. No, I only saw
<persName id="t17420428-33-person336"> John Williams
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person336" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person336" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person336" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (as Mr. Thompson call'd him) writing on the Paper: I saw nothing at all sign'd. I can read a little, but I did not read the Will, for I had no Concerns to ask any Questions.</p>
<p>Counc. Do you know
<persName id="t17420428-33-person337"> Mary Sempson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person337" type="surname" value="Sempson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person337" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person337" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Jones. No, nor I did not know
<persName id="t17420428-33-person338"> John Williams
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person338" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person338" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person338" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , only hearing Thompson call him by his Name.</p>
<p>Counc. What sort of a Man was this Thompson?</p>
<p>Jones. He was a long visag'd Man, not so thick as I am: I take him to be a blackish swarthy Man: I can't say whether he wore his own Hair or a Wig, because I had no Occasion to take Notice.</p>
<p>Counc. How do you know this was
<persName id="t17420428-33-person339"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person339" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person339" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person339" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Jones. Williams call'd him by his Name.</p>
<p>Counc. About what Age did Thompson seem to be?</p>
<p>Jones. About thirty: I can't guess at a Man's Age so long ago.</p>
<p>Counc. Did he wear a Wig or his own Hair?</p>
<p>Jones I can't tell.</p>
<p>A Witness. This Will was brought to me by Rhodes. He likewise brought another Will of Thompson's which I have in my Pocket; I think it is made to
<persName id="t17420428-33-person340"> Mary Vaughan
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person340" type="surname" value="Vaughan"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person340" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person340" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Thompson's Will being prov'd, a Citation was taken out against Rhodes to bring it in, and shew Cause why a Will of a later Date should not be prov'd. Sometime after that, the Prisoner said he had found out a Will of a later Date than the other. I look'd upon it, and told him, he must bring his Witnesses if he intended to support it. He said, he knew but little of that Affair; but that one Mrs. Glass could inform me farther of it. He left me the Will and the Letter in which it was inclos'd, and I went to Mrs. Glass, who told me, she had received that Will enclos'd in the Letter from Mrs. Vaughan at Portsmouth, and desir'd every Thing might be done that was necessary to support it; but Rhodes's Wil l never was prov'd by Testes, therefore it was revok'd, and the other granted.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-33-person341"> James Cockran
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person341" type="surname" value="Cockran"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person341" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person341" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> I have known Rhodes between 7 and 8 Months coming and going; I never saw any thing by the Gentleman but Honesty. He has gone in my Parish under the Character of an honest Man, and it is more than I know if he would do such a Thing as this. I use the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280027"/> Holland Trade, and have sold him Stockings and Linnen, and have trusted him for a Month together. He is a Cheesemonger, and lives at t'other End of the Town. I have liv'd in St. Katherine's Parish these 9 Years, and he us'd to call upon me at my Chandler's Shop, and paid for what he wanted.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-33-person342"> Peter Glass
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person342" type="surname" value="Glass"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person342" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person342" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him 8 or 9 Months: I keep a Barber's Shop on Tower-hill: He always paid me 6 d. a Time, and I never saw nothing but what was honest and just by him.</p>
<p>- Harper. I have known him these 2 or 3 Years: He has been gone out of the Neighbourhood 4 or 5 Months, and then he bore a good Character: He used me handsome, and paid me for what he had: I liv'd over-against him.</p>
<p>Pris Q. Have you any Suspicion that I would do so soul a Crime as I am accused of?</p>
<p>Harper. The Man behav'd very well.</p>
<p>Counc. What Character did other People give him?</p>
<p>Harper. I have heard People whispering about that he was concern'd in these Wills 5 or 6 Months ago; the first Occasion of it was some Papers from the Commons being hung up at his Door before Christmas.</p>
<p>Counc. Was that on Account of this Will or another?</p>
<p>Harper. I never heard of any Will but this: He was a Cheesemonger in King-street, by the Seven Dials.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-33-person343"> John Hastings
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person343" type="surname" value="Hastings"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person343" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person343" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner about ten or a dozen Years. He liv'd in Little St. Andrew-street, near the Seven-Dials, and from thence he mov'd to the Corner of Earl-Street, in King-street. When he liv'd in St. Andrew-Street, he behav'd very well, and was respected by the Neighbourhood, and was a very industrious Man; but when he mov'd into Earl-street, he became a Headborough, which a great many People believe was of no Service to him, for he has been accus'd of a great many foolish Things not to his Credit, with regard to Thief-taking, which is not a creditable Thing for a House-keeper. By following these Practices, his Business was reduc'd to such a low Ebb, that at last I believe he was driven to his Shifts; and there was something stuck up against one of his Window-Shutters, but what it was I can't tell. His Character is really a very bad one.</p>
<p>Pris. Did you ever hear that I wrong'd any one in the Neighbourhood of a Farthing?</p>
<p>Hastings. I know nothing no farther than there was something stuck upon his Window-Shutter about a Will, something above 3 Months ago.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-33-person344"> Henry Brows
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person344" type="surname" value="Brows"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person344" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person344" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner 2 or 3 Years; I liv'd directly over-against him when he liv'd in King street. When he came into the Neighbourhood, we took him to be a very honest Man which was about two Years ago; but since that, he was a Headborough, and hang'd two Men, which got him a bad Character. His general Character at first was very Honest; but by being guilty of these Facts, we could not think any other Thing but what was bad.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-33-person345"> Wm Nichols
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person345" type="surname" value="Nichols"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person345" type="given" value="Wm"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person345" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner liv'd over against me, and his Character at first was very good, but lately very indifferent; for there was something stuck up against his House, and there was a Talk of his forging a Will.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-33-person346"> Thomas Trout
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person346" type="surname" value="Trout"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person346" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person346" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him about 2 or 3 Months, and his general Character is very bad, in forging Notes and Wills: it came once to my turn to arrest him, about 3 or 4 Months ago: I never heard a bad Character of him before that Time for I never knew him.</p>
<p>Pris. Ask him how I behav'd when he arrested me?</p>
<p>Trout. I took his Word, and one Mr. Young paid me the Debt and Costs in 2 Days.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-33-person347"> Walter Burton
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person347" type="surname" value="Burton"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person347" type="given" value="Walter"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person347" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner above three Months, and by an intimate Acquaintance of his, one
<persName id="t17420428-33-person348"> John Jones
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person348" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person348" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person348" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> a Leather-dresser, I have heard a very bad Character of him.</p>
<p>Pris. I arrested this Man for a Note of Hand for 26 l. and he has mov'd the Cause out of the Marshalsea into the Court of King's-Bench or Common Pleas.</p>
<p>Burton. It was a forg'd Note, and therefore I would not pay it: I never gave a Note of Hand in my Life.</p>
<p>- Spradley. I never saw the Prisoner till the 30th of Sept. last, but since I have had the Occasion to know him, he has borne a very bad Character.</p>
<persName id="t17420428-33-person349"> Francis Jordan
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person349" type="surname" value="Jordan"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person349" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-33-person349" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him a pretty while, and dealt with him, and he then bore a good Character, but since I have heard an indifferent one: he bore a good Character in the Neighbourhood, and when I was Overseer he paid me my Taxes last Year.</p>
<p>Counc. What Character has he borne since?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174204280028"/>Jordan. I won't go by Hearsay; I will swear nothing but what I can prove.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-33-verdict155" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-33-verdict155" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17420428-33-punish156" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-33-punish156" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-33-defend296 t17420428-33-punish156"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17420428-34">
<interp inst="t17420428-34" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-34" type="year" value="1742"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17420428"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-34" type="date" value="17420428"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17420428-34-off157-c282" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-34-defend351 t17420428-34-off157 t17420428-34-verdict159"/>
<persName id="t17420428-34-defend351" type="defendantName"> Robert Pannel
<interp inst="t17420428-34-defend351" type="surname" value="Pannel"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-34-defend351" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-34-defend351" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17420428-34-off157" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-34-off157" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-34-off157" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing a Dozen of Knives and Forks, and other Things </rs>, the Goods of
<persName id="t17420428-34-victim353" type="victimName"> Nathaniel Alderson
<interp inst="t17420428-34-victim353" type="surname" value="Alderson"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-34-victim353" type="given" value="Nathaniel"/>
<interp inst="t17420428-34-victim353" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-34-off157 t17420428-34-victim353"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17420428-34-cd158" type="crimeDate">Jan. 28</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17420428-34-off157 t17420428-34-cd158"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17420428-34-verdict159" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17420428-34-verdict159" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>