<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="16780411001"/>A true NARRATIVE Of the Proceedings at the Sessions-house IN THE OLD-BAYLY, April 11, 12, & 13. 1678.
<p>Setting forth The Facts and Tryals of several Prisoners for Felonies, Burglaries, Treason, and other Crimes.</p>
<p>With a particular Account of the Tryal and Condemnation of Two Women for High Treason, Clipping the Kings Coyn, who are Sentenced to be Burnt to Ashes.</p>
<p>And likewise the Tryals and Condemnation of one for Robbing on the Highway; and Two others for Horse-stealing and other Felonies.</p>
<p>And an exact Relation of all other remarkable Proceedings.</p>
<p>With the number of those that are Condemn'd, Burn'd in the Hand, and to be Whipt.</p>
<p>With Allowance. Ro. L'Estrange.</p>
<p>LONDON: Printed for D. M. 1678.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="16780411002"/>The Proceedings at the Sessions holden for London and Middlesex.</p>
<p>THough the Sessions for the City of London and County of Middlesex be held almost every month, yet so incorrigibly wicked are people, that no warning of the untimely Ends or other punishments of their Fellow Criminals, can deter them from the same Evil Courses: so that there scarce ever fails to be a great number to receive Justice for their Demerits at every Jayl-delivery. Thus was it now at this time: of the most notorious I shall here give you a particular Account.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="t16780411-1-defend1" type="defendantName">Two women
<interp inst="t16780411-1-defend1" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> were severally tryed for and
<rs id="t16780411-1-verdict1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16780411-1-verdict1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> convicted </rs> of
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<interp inst="t16780411-1-off2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> Felony, for Shoplifting </rs> (as they call it) a practice become so frequent, that a Tradesman scarce dares trust his Wares to Customers view, they have so often been robb'd under pretence
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="16780411003"/>of buying. These two has ('tis said) long followed the same Trade, and are no strangers to the formality of holding up their hands; but 'tis thought they will fearce ever have liberty to practise their Villany abroad again.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<persName id="t16780411-2-defend2" type="defendantName">Two other
<interp inst="t16780411-2-defend2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> several persons were indicted for
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<interp inst="t16780411-2-off3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t16780411-2-off3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing an Horse </rs>; but besides that one was a person of competent Estate and Credit, he made it appear that he bought him, though at a place where it seems there was no Toll-book kept, so that the property was not altered; yet it not appearing he had reason to think the Nag was unlawfully come by, they were both
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<interp inst="t16780411-2-verdict4" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>A
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<rs id="t16780411-3-deflabel5" type="occupation">Gentleman</rs>
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<interp inst="t16780411-3-defend3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> took a Tryal for
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<interp inst="t16780411-3-off6" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t16780411-3-off6" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> killing a
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780411-3-off6 t16780411-3-victim4"/> </persName> </rs>, but there was no sufficient Evidence that the Prisoner was the party; onely one young woman pressed somewhat largely divers circumstances, to whose credit there were on the other side several witnesses examined: so that on the whole matter the Prisoner was brought in
<rs id="t16780411-3-verdict7" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16780411-3-verdict7" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Not guilty </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>A
<persName id="t16780411-4-defend5" type="defendantName">person
<interp inst="t16780411-4-defend5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was tried on two Indictments for several Felonies, one for
<rs id="t16780411-4-off8" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t16780411-4-off8" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t16780411-4-off8" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing a sorrel Guelding valued in the Bill at four pound </rs>, on the
<rs id="t16780411-4-cd9" type="crimeDate">twelfth of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780411-4-off8 t16780411-4-cd9"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780411-4-off10 t16780411-4-cd9"/> last; the other for
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<interp inst="t16780411-4-off10" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a hundred fifty six yards of Say, valued at twelve pound </rs>. The Facts were done at the Town of Bury in Suffolk, the Guelding taken out of the stable in the night, but the Stuff was stolen some time before, and the Prisoner partly charged with it, his house being searcht, but nothing found, At last a
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="16780411004"/>naughty woman that he kept company with, being apprehended and sent to Jayl, he fearing she might discover him, resolv'd to run the Country, and to that purpose stole the Guelding; which at the Ball in Leaden hall street he trucks away for fourteen shillings boot: but at last the horse being found by the Hue and Cry, the party was likewise taken, and part of the Say found upon the Holder of the house. He having sold a whole piece in the Inne, pretending he had been robb'd as he came up, and wanted money: so that having no colour of excuse, he was
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<interp inst="t16780411-4-verdict11" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Convicted </rs> and
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780411-4-defend5 t16780411-4-punish12"/> Condemned </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>The next was a very considerable Tryal, three women being tried for High Treason, for
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<interp inst="t16780411-5-off13" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> Clipping eight Half-crowns of King Charles the first's Coin, and ten other Half-crowns of King James's, and taking six pence off of each of them </rs>. Notice was first taken of them thus: A Shoop-keeper without Temple-bar hath oft observed a little Girl come to him to change five or ten shillings of small money into greater, as six pences or shillings into half-crowns; and that she would not take any Mill-money, nor money that was clipt: whereupon he watching the Girl, in Fleet-street saw one of the
<persName id="t16780411-5-defend6" type="defendantName">Prisoner
<interp inst="t16780411-5-defend6" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> s (her Mother) waiting for her, who sent her into several shops in Fleet-street on the like Errand. At last he dogg'd them into an house near
<placeName id="t16780411-5-crimeloc14">Stonecutters-street in Sho lane</placeName>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780411-5-off13 t16780411-5-crimeloc14"/>, very suspitiously scituate; so that declaring the same, and going with an Officer to search, they took one
<persName id="t16780411-5-defend7" type="defendantName">woman
<interp inst="t16780411-5-defend7" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and in her hand a basket, in
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="16780411005"/>which, amongst several papers, there was one that had Clippings and Filings. The other
<persName id="t16780411-5-defend8" type="defendantName">woman
<interp inst="t16780411-5-defend8" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was abroad; but breaking open her door, they observ'd Filings on the floor, found Clippings under a bed, a File and a pair of Sheers hid under the board, to which part of the new-cut Silver still stuck, a Melting pot not quite cold, &c. The Childe being examined whither she used to carry her Half crowns, said, To such an one, naming the third woman now indicted, living in Golden-lane; but nothing being found in her house, she was
<rs id="t16780411-5-verdict15" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16780411-5-verdict15" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>. Of the other two, one pleaded ignorance; the other, that she had these Tools of one
<persName id="t16780411-5-person9"> Benjamin Smith
<interp inst="t16780411-5-person9" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t16780411-5-person9" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t16780411-5-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , executed two or three Sessions ago; but that appearing frivolous, and the Crime evident, as pieces of Silver, and their Touch stones, and old Gloves to smoothen and al ay the colour, &c. being produced in Court, they were both found
<rs id="t16780411-5-verdict16" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16780411-5-verdict16" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs> of the Felony and Treason, and received Sentence
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780411-5-defend7 t16780411-5-punish17"/> to be Burnt </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>A poor
<rs id="t16780411-6-deflabel18" type="occupation">Mechanick</rs>
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<persName id="t16780411-6-defend10" type="defendantName">fellow
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<interp inst="t16780411-6-off19" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> Clipping </rs>: Going to work early, he found a parcel of Clippings in Longlane, and carried them to a Goldsmith, to know what they were: who saying it was course Silver, bought it of him for five Shillings six Pence, but gave him a naughty Half crown; which coming several times to have changed, they at last apprehended him; but no other proof coming against him, he was
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<p>A
<persName id="t16780411-7-defend11" type="defendantName">Young man
<interp inst="t16780411-7-defend11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was
<rs id="t16780411-7-verdict21" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16780411-7-verdict21" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Convicted </rs> of a Misdemeanour,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="16780411006"/>for
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<interp inst="t16780411-7-off22" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t16780411-7-off22" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> offering to put off a naughty Guinny at a Tavern in
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780411-7-off22 t16780411-7-crimeloc23"/>, knowing it to be such </rs> -he alleadged, he took it for good of a Watch;maker, and it appeared he had it of him; but when he got it, which was under a pretence of borrowing it, he said it was night, and that he would keep it to have it
<note>[Text unreadable in original.]</note>'d, &c So that 'tis thought his design was to defraud the
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<rs id="t16780411-7-viclabel24" type="occupation">Watchmaker</rs>
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<interp inst="t16780411-7-victim12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> first, and the
<persName id="t16780411-7-victim13" type="victimName">
<rs id="t16780411-7-viclabel25" type="occupation">Vintner</rs>
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<interp inst="t16780411-7-victim13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> afterwards, if not thus discovered.</p> </div1>
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<p>Here was a lamentable Spectacle, almost a whole Family Confederates in Villany, being two
<persName id="t16780411-8-defend14" type="defendantName">Brothers
<interp inst="t16780411-8-defend14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and their
<persName id="t16780411-8-defend15" type="defendantName">Sister
<interp inst="t16780411-8-defend15" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and one that pretended to be her
<persName id="t16780411-8-defend16" type="defendantName">Husband
<interp inst="t16780411-8-defend16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> : There were several Indictments against them respectively, the Husband being found
<rs id="t16780411-8-verdict26" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16780411-8-verdict26" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs> of
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<interp inst="t16780411-8-off27" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t16780411-8-off27" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing a brown Mare </rs> in Kent, and upon another Indictment for
<rs id="t16780411-8-off28" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t16780411-8-off28" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t16780411-8-off28" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing four flitches of Bacon and a Fowling-piece </rs>, which were taken with them; but the woman alleadging her self his
<rs id="t16780411-8-deflabel29" type="occupation">Wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780411-8-defend15 t16780411-8-deflabel29"/>, and consequently what she did, was done by his coertion,
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<interp inst="t16780411-8-verdict30" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> could not be found guilty </rs>, though she were taken upon the Mare. The three men were likewise found guilty of another Felony discovered in
<placeName id="t16780411-8-crimeloc31">Golden lane</placeName>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780411-8-off32 t16780411-8-crimeloc31"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780411-8-off34 t16780411-8-crimeloc31"/>, for
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<interp inst="t16780411-8-off32" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t16780411-8-off32" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing the Goods of a
<persName id="t16780411-8-victim17" type="victimName">person unknown
<interp inst="t16780411-8-victim17" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> </rs>; they were onely the Rubbish of some Burglary, the best Goods being disposed of before they were seized; so that it was brought in
<rs id="t16780411-8-verdict33" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16780411-8-verdict33" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t16780411-8-verdict33" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> under the value of ten pence </rs>. Another Indictment against the the same woman by four or five names, for
<rs id="t16780411-8-off34" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t16780411-8-off34" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t16780411-8-off34" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing a black Guelding valued at Eight pounds,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="16780411007"/>and selling him in St. Gileses </rs>; but it appearing that her pretended Husband brought him to the Inne, she was for the reason before mentioned
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<interp inst="t16780411-8-verdict35" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>; hereby obtaining two happy Certificates of her Marriage. I brief, 'twas declared by the Court that this very Gang had lately stolen above forty horses: Nor did they deal altogether in Horseflesh, but lov'd Mutton too, an Indictment being against them for stealing Nine fat Sheep; for which being taken, they lately made an Escape out of the Gatehouse; and the Prosecutor not knowing they were retaken, was not ready with his witnesses.</p> </div1>
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<p>A
<persName id="t16780411-9-defend18" type="defendantName">Fellow
<interp inst="t16780411-9-defend18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , with one Arm, was
<rs id="t16780411-9-verdict36" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16780411-9-verdict36" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Convicted </rs> for
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<interp inst="t16780411-9-off37" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t16780411-9-off37" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> Robbery on the High-way </rs>; He and 3 or 4 more of his Gang lurking on foot about
<placeName id="t16780411-9-crimeloc38">Bunhil fields</placeName>
<interp inst="t16780411-9-crimeloc38" type="placeName" value="Bunhil fields"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780411-9-off37 t16780411-9-crimeloc38"/>, knockt down an honest
<persName id="t16780411-9-victim19" type="victimName">man
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780411-9-off37 t16780411-9-victim19"/> </persName> , and rifled him of several small things, for Money he had none: His crying out brought the Constable and Watch, who seized the Prisoner on the place, the rest made their Escape. He had been concern'd on such Foot-pad Rogueries before, and now received Sentence of
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780411-9-defend18 t16780411-9-punish39"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>There were in all Nine persons Condemn'd to Die, Seven men, viz. Two for Horse-stealing and other Felonies, One for Burglary and stealing Goods to the value of Seventy pounds, and Three others for several Felonies; having been all burnt in the hand before; and One for the Foot-pad, or Robbing on the Highway. And as for the Two women, they received Sentence to be drawn on a Hurdle to the place of Execution, and there their Bodies to be Burnt.</p>
<p>Four men and Three women Burnt in the Hand, and Five ordered to be Whip.</p> </div1> </div0> </body> </text></TEI.2>

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