<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="16780116001"/>A true NARRATIVE Of the Proceedings at the Sessions-house IN THE OLD-BAYLY, January 16, 17, & 18. 1677/8.
<p>Wherein is contained</p>
<p>The most remarkable Tryals of several notorious Malefactors: As the Tryals and Condemnation of the two grand Highway-men that were taken at WHETSTONE in Middlesex.</p>
<p>Also of three several persons indicted for Murther.</p>
<p>And likewise a person for Clipping, who is sentenc'd to be Drawn and Hang'd: With several other remarkable Tryals.</p>
<p>With the number of those that are Condemn'd, Burn'd in the hand, Transported, and to be Whipt.</p>
<p>With Allowance. Ro. L'Estrange.</p>
<p>LONDON: Printed for D. M. 1677.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="16780116002"/>The Proceedings at the Sessions for London and Middlesex.</p> </div1>
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<p>THe first remarkable Tryal at this Sessions was of a
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<interp inst="t16780116-1-off1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-1-off1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="infanticide"/> murthering her Bastard child </rs>. The Evidence proved that she confess'd her self to be with Childe; that afterwards a Childe was found dead in the street: That she acknowledg'd she had been deliver'd of a Childe, but that certain woman had taken it from her. But she was not able to produce any of those women, and so was found
<rs id="t16780116-1-verdict2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16780116-1-verdict2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>, and must expect the punishment of
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-1-defend1 t16780116-1-punish3"/> Death </rs> awarded by Law to such Unnatural offenders.</p> </div1>
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<p>After this, followed the Tryal of two notorious
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<rs id="t16780116-2-deflabel4" type="occupation">Highway-men</rs>
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<interp inst="t16780116-2-defend2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , taken on Christmas day last at Whetstone neer Barnet in Middlesex. There was very plain Evidence of their
<rs id="t16780116-2-off5" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t16780116-2-off5" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-2-off5" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> robbing a Coach, and of a
<persName id="t16780116-2-victim3" type="victimName">Country-man
<interp inst="t16780116-2-victim3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-2-off5 t16780116-2-victim3"/> </persName> </rs>, &c. and several Goods, as silver Boxes, a Laydies Tower, &c. were taken with them, and produced in Court; which made it a Felony in this County: And the same appearing to be a Robbery on the Highway in Bark-shire, by the Statute the Prisoners were
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="16780116003"/>exempted from the benefit of Clergy, and being found
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<interp inst="t16780116-2-verdict6" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs> by the Jury, received sentence of
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-2-defend2 t16780116-2-punish7"/> Death </rs>; upon which the Court declared, That there were at least seventeen or eighteen Robberies lay upon their heads, and some Murders, particularly the Grasier at Watford gap, kill'd by one in their company, and as 'tis fear'd, by one of their hands.</p> </div1>
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<p>A
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<interp inst="t16780116-3-defend4" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of very ill fame, having a Quarrel with one of her Companions who struck her, after an hour and a halfs respit, returned, and with a pair of Tongs striking at her over another woman shoulder, happen'd to beat out the brains of a
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<rs id="t16780116-3-viclabel8" type="occupation">Childe</rs>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-3-off9 t16780116-3-victim5"/> </persName> her female-antagonist held in her arms. For this she was indicted for
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<interp inst="t16780116-3-off9" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-3-off9" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> Murder </rs>; but upon a long debate, was onely convicted of
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<interp inst="t16780116-3-verdict10" type="verdictSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> Manslaughter </rs>; for which Clergy being not grantable to her Sex, she was
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-3-defend4 t16780116-3-punish11"/> condemned </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>A
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<interp inst="t16780116-4-off12" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-4-off12" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> Murder </rs>, but it appeared upon the whole matter to be upon a Challenge betwixt two
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<rs id="t16780116-4-viclabel14" type="occupation">Gentlemen</rs>
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-4-defend6 t16780116-4-deflabel13"/> and their Seconds who met in the Fields, and there unhappily the
<persName id="t16780116-4-victim7" type="victimName">friend
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-4-off12 t16780116-4-victim7"/> </persName> of the Prisoner was kill'd by one of the other two, who are neither of them to be found. The Quarrel being such, and a Duel premeditated, the Case appeared somewhat difficult whether Murder or Manslaughter, and so it was left upon a
<rs id="t16780116-4-verdict15" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16780116-4-verdict15" type="verdictCategory" value="specialVerdict"/> Special Verdict </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>An
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<interp inst="t16780116-5-off16" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing of several Clothes and Linnen </rs> in
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<interp inst="t16780116-5-verdict18" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-5-verdict18" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> confessed the Fact </rs>, and was
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-5-defend8 t16780116-5-punish19"/> burnt in hand </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="16780116004"/>The two before mentioned
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<rs id="t16780116-6-deflabel20" type="occupation">Highway-men</rs>
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<interp inst="t16780116-6-defend9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were next day indicted again for
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<interp inst="t16780116-6-off21" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-6-off21" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing of a Mare </rs>; which was taken amongst the rest of their horses at Whetstone, and was now owned by a
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<rs id="t16780116-6-viclabel22" type="occupation">Gentleman's Servant</rs>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-6-off21 t16780116-6-victim10"/> </persName> in Sommerset-shire, from whom she had been formerly stolen; but they obstinately denying the Fact, and alleadging that she belonged to, and was brought in thither by a little black man, whom they were strangers to, though supposed to be one of their Companions that then escaped, and no positive proof appearing against them, they were upon this Indictment
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<interp inst="t16780116-6-verdict23" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>A
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<rs id="t16780116-7-deflabel24" type="occupation">Shoomaker</rs>
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<interp inst="t16780116-7-defend11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was Convicted for
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<interp inst="t16780116-7-off25" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> Clipping the Kings Coin </rs>; the manner of his being discovered and apprehended, was thus: The Landlord coming to take Possession of the house wherein the Prisoner and a woman that has often been suspected to be concern'd in such Practices lodged, she being abroad and her Chamber-door lock'd, seeing them resolv'd to go in, told them he would try to open it; and so pulling out a Key, did open the said door, and went directly and hastily to a Closet, where he was observ'd with both his hands to sweep down certain Instruments and fling them into a private corner, and then cast a Cushion over them to conceal them: Whereupon the said Landlord seeming to take no notice thereof, went down and acquainted the Tenant, who knew nothing thereof; but together they sent for a Constable, seized the Prisoner, and in his Trunk found a
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="16780116005"/>File, but in the other Chamber under the said Cushion, several Clippings and Filings of Silver, a Sixpence newly clipp'd, a pair of Shears, two or three Crucibles for melting down, and a quantity of Silver ready melted, &c. which were now produced in Court. He peremptorily denied any concernment in the Fact; but his having a Key to her Room; his running to the Closet and endeavouring to conceal the things, &c. caused him to be brought in
<rs id="t16780116-7-verdict26" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16780116-7-verdict26" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs> of the Treason; and was condemn'd to be
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-7-defend11 t16780116-7-punish27"/> Drawn and Hang'd </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>A
<persName id="t16780116-8-defend12" type="defendantName">French man
<interp inst="t16780116-8-defend12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> lodging in a womans house, and
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<interp inst="t16780116-8-off28" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-8-off28" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> having been seen once or twice in his
<persName id="t16780116-8-victim13" type="victimName">
<rs id="t16780116-8-viclabel29" type="occupation">Landladie</rs>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-8-off28 t16780116-8-victim13"/> </persName> s Chamber, where he had nothing to do, and she afterwards missing three Gold Rings and several other things </rs>, charged him therewith, and caused him to be committed; though he denied it, yet at last they were found hid in the Chamber where he lay, about his bed. The Prisoner being not able to speak English, was allow'd an Interpreter, and brought a witness that the Prosecutress confest she went to a Cunning man somewhere behinde St. Clements, who described another person, and promised that she should finde her things again in her house, &c. However, he was
<rs id="t16780116-8-verdict30" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16780116-8-verdict30" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> convicted </rs>, and
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<interp inst="t16780116-8-punish31" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-8-punish31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-8-defend12 t16780116-8-punish31"/> treated by Squire Ketch with an Ardent mark of his Affection </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>A
<persName id="t16780116-9-defend14" type="defendantName">person
<interp inst="t16780116-9-defend14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> formerly transported, was indicted for
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<interp inst="t16780116-9-off32" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-9-off32" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> breaking open a shop in
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-9-off32 t16780116-9-crimeloc33"/>, and stealing Ribbons and other Commodities to the value or Fifty pounds </rs>. He had partly confess'd
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="16780116006"/>the matter heretofore, saying, he fear'd nothing so much as the ugly business of Cheapside; and told one, that he open'd the door with a Betty, which he had thrown over such a wall; where search being made, it was found, and now produced in Court. Upon the whole matter he was found
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<interp inst="t16780116-9-verdict34" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>, but
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<interp inst="t16780116-9-defend15" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> indicted with him
<rs id="t16780116-9-verdict35" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16780116-9-verdict35" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>. Being question'd about his return after transportation, he alleadged several frivolous excuses, and that he was now just ready to have gone a Voyage to Barbadoes. He had in effect very little to say for himself, but with the rest received sentence of
<rs id="t16780116-9-punish36" type="punishmentDescription">
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-9-defend15 t16780116-9-punish36"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>A
<persName id="t16780116-10-defend16" type="defendantName">woman
<interp inst="t16780116-10-defend16" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> taking a Lodging by a wrong name,
<rs id="t16780116-10-off37" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t16780116-10-off37" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-10-off37" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/> in the absence of her
<persName id="t16780116-10-victim17" type="victimName">
<rs id="t16780116-10-viclabel38" type="occupation">Landlady</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-10-victim17 t16780116-10-viclabel38"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-10-victim17" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-10-off37 t16780116-10-victim17"/> </persName> broke open the door and stole several Clothes </rs>, which were taken upon her: She was found
<rs id="t16780116-10-verdict39" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16780116-10-verdict39" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>, and
<rs id="t16780116-10-punish40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t16780116-10-punish40" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-10-defend16 t16780116-10-punish40"/> condemned </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t16780116-11">
<interp inst="t16780116-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-11" type="year" value="1678"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/16780116"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-11" type="date" value="16780116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t16780116-11-off42-c18" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-11-defend18 t16780116-11-off42 t16780116-11-verdict43"/>
<p>A
<persName id="t16780116-11-defend18" type="defendantName">
<rs id="t16780116-11-deflabel41" type="occupation">Maid-servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-11-defend18 t16780116-11-deflabel41"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-11-defend18" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> arraigned for
<rs id="t16780116-11-off42" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t16780116-11-off42" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-11-off42" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing a Hood and a Bible </rs> from one of her
<persName id="t16780116-11-victim19" type="victimName">Master's neighbours
<interp inst="t16780116-11-victim19" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-11-off42 t16780116-11-victim19"/> </persName> . As to the Hood she proved that she found it in her Master's Chamber, and wore it a great while publickly, being never question'd till she came to demand her Wages; which made it suspected that there was more passion than matter in the Prosecution, and so she was
<rs id="t16780116-11-verdict43" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16780116-11-verdict43" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> discharged </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t16780116-12">
<interp inst="t16780116-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-12" type="year" value="1678"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/16780116"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-12" type="date" value="16780116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t16780116-12-off44-c20" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-12-defend20 t16780116-12-off44 t16780116-12-verdict45"/>
<p>So likewise was a
<persName id="t16780116-12-defend20" type="defendantName">person
<interp inst="t16780116-12-defend20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> charged with
<rs id="t16780116-12-off44" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t16780116-12-off44" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-12-off44" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing about Fourteen pounds worth of Leather </rs>; there being no exact proof against him, but several Circumstances, as former Prosecution, &c. that made in favour of his
<rs id="t16780116-12-verdict45" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16780116-12-verdict45" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquittal </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t16780116-13">
<interp inst="t16780116-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-13" type="year" value="1678"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/16780116"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-13" type="date" value="16780116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t16780116-13-off46-c21" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-13-defend21 t16780116-13-off46 t16780116-13-verdict47"/>
<p>A
<persName id="t16780116-13-defend21" type="defendantName">person
<interp inst="t16780116-13-defend21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> arraigned for a
<rs id="t16780116-13-off46" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t16780116-13-off46" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t16780116-13-off46" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> Robbery on the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="16780116007"/>High-way, in the quality usually call'd, The Foot-pad, and stealing of Goods to the value of eleven shillings </rs>, of which part were found in his Lodging; and the
<persName id="t16780116-13-victim22" type="victimName">Party robb'd
<interp inst="t16780116-13-victim22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-13-off46 t16780116-13-victim22"/> </persName> swore, That he verily believed him to be the man, that took them away from him. Last Sessions he was Indicted for the like Crime, but favourably brought in not guilty; now being
<rs id="t16780116-13-verdict47" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t16780116-13-verdict47" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Convicted </rs>, he received Sentence of
<rs id="t16780116-13-punish48" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t16780116-13-punish48" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t16780116-13-defend21 t16780116-13-punish48"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="punishmentSummary" id="s16780116-1">
<interp inst="s16780116-1" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="s16780116-1" type="year" value="1678"/>
<interp inst="s16780116-1" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/16780116"/>
<interp inst="s16780116-1" type="date" value="16780116"/>
<p>There were in all Thirteen Persons that received Sentence of Death, viz. Three for robbing on the High-way, one for Treason, one Woman for Murder, and another for Manslaughter, three Men for Burglaries, and four Women for House-breaking and notorious Felonies: of which two were old Offenders, that had often been Convicted heretofore.</p>
<p>Besides these, there were Nine Men burnt in the Hand, and Three sentenced to be Whipt: The Woman attainted last Sessions for Treason, who pleaded her Belly, is not yet delivered; but hath (as was declared in Court) since endeavoured to break Prison.</p>
<p>The other Highway men, in custody, are to be carried the Circuit: The rest of the Proceedings, as less remarkable, we purposely omit.</p> </div1> </div0> </body> </text></TEI.2>

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