<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>A TRUE RELATION Of the EXECUTION of
<persName id="OA16840526n2-1">
<interp inst="OA16840526n2-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n2-1" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n2-1" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SMITH</persName>, alias
<persName id="OA16840526n2-2">
<interp inst="OA16840526n2-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n2-2" type="surname" value="Ashburnham"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n2-2" type="given" value="John"/>ASHBURNHAM</persName>. (For Murder) At
<placeName id="OA16840526-geo-1">
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="OA16840526n2-1 n2-2 n5-2 OA16840526-geo-1"/>Stamford-hill</placeName>, near
<placeName id="OA16840526-geo-2">
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="OA16840526n2-1 n2-2 n5-2 OA16840526-geo-2"/>Tottenham</placeName>, where he was also Hang’d in Chains, on Monday the 26th.of May,1684. AND OF
<persName id="OA16840526n2-3">
<interp inst="OA16840526n2-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n2-3" type="surname" value="Jackson"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n2-3" type="given" value="Edward"/>Edward Jackson</persName>, Executed the same Day at
<placeName id="OA16840526-geo-3">
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="OA16840526n2-3 OA16840526-geo-3"/>Tyburne</placeName>, for HIGH-TREASON. WITH A Copy of a Paper of his own Writing deliver’d in Newgate: As likewise a true Account of their Behaviour, and last Confessions, at the said Places of Execution.</p>
<p>WHEREAS at the late Sessions of Gaol-Delivery held in the Old-Baily on Thursday and Friday, the 15th. and 16th.days of May,1684. Five Men received Sentence of Death, (viz.)
<persName id="OA16840526n3-1">
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-1" type="surname" value="HUBBARD"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-1" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>Edward Hubbard</persName>,
<persName id="OA16840526n3-2">
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-2" type="surname" value="GOWER"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-2" type="given" value="JOHN"/>John Gower</persName>,
<persName id="OA16840526n3-3">
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-3" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-3" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>Francis Robinson</persName>,
<persName id="OA16840526n3-4">
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-4" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-4" type="given" value="JOHN"/>John Smith</persName>, alias
<persName id="OA16840526n3-7">
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-7" type="surname" value="Ashburnham"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-7" type="given" value="John"/>Ashburnham</persName>, and
<persName id="OA16840526n3-5">
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-5" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-5" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>Edward Jackson</persName>; of which Persons,
<persName id="OA16840526n3-6">
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-6" type="surname" value="HUBBARD"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n3-6" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>Edward Hubbard</persName> was Reprieved from Execution.</p>
<p>And whereas a Warrant was directed for Execution of the rest on Friday the 23d.of the said month, the morning of the said Friday, Reprieves came for
<persName id="OA16840526n4-2">
<interp inst="OA16840526n4-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n4-2" type="surname" value="Jacson"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n4-2" type="given" value="Edward"/>Edward Jacson</persName>, and
<persName id="OA16840526n4-1">
<interp inst="OA16840526n4-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n4-1" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n4-1" type="given" value="JOHN"/>John Smith</persName>, &c. until the Monday following, Gower and Robinson only being that day Executed, (from whence some believed a Pardon might have Fucceeded;) which time of Reprieve being expired, they were likewise Executed on Monday the 26th. day of May before mentioned; viz.</p>
<p>First,
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<interp inst="OA16840526n5-1" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n5-1" type="given" value="JOHN"/>John Smith</persName>, alias Ashburnham, a Notorious Highway man, whose Name hath been in a Proclamation, and several Gazetts, in order to his being Apprehended, was Indicted, Tryed, and found Guilty, for the Murder of
<persName id="OA16840526n5-2">
<interp inst="OA16840526n5-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n5-2" type="surname" value="PAGE"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n5-2" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>Andrew Page</persName>, a Head-</p>
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<p>borough of
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<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="OA16840526n5-2 OA16840526-geo-4"/>Stoke-Newington</placeName>, (two or three miles from London) in July was Twelvemonth, when the said Page was in the Execution of his Office with his Watchmen in pursuit of the said Smith, &c. and others that had committed divers Robberies on the Road near that Town.</p>
<p>From the time of his sentence he behaved himself very penitently in
<placeName id="OA16840526-geo-5">
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="OA16840526n3-4 n3-7 OA16840526-geo-5"/>Newgate</placeName>, bewailing his ill-spent time, which now was like to bring him to a sorrowful and shameful End; owning that he had received much Benefit from the painful Endeavonrs of Mr. Ordinary, to whom he confess’d he had been Guilty of many Robberies on the High-way, but disowned that ever he was Guilty of Murder.</p>
<p>On Monday, between Seven and Eight in the morning, he was brought out of Newgate, put into a Cart, and drawn to the Gibbet that hath for some Years stood at Stamford Hill, near the great Road which leads to Ware</p>
<p>When there, besides several Answers and Confessions he made to the Sheriffs Officers and other, he desired the Assistance of a Minister; one being sent for, asked him several Questions, viz. If he had Repented him of his Sins? What Hopes he had of a future State? and what Religion he died of? To which he answered very readily and properly; and as to his Religion, That he hoped he was a true Catholick of the Church of England, a Protestant Catholick, or such like Words.</p>
<p>The Minister again ask’d, If he had confess’d all the Outrages that he had done? for that without Confession and Repentance, there was no Remission to be expected: that he would do well disburthen his Conscience, whether he did kill the Man, &c. To all which he answe’d, That he was in the Company when he was kill’d; That they were Four in all which had at that time been several hours upon the Road. Two of which were since taken and hang’d; That the Man who kill’d him, viz. one
<persName id="OA16840526n10-1">
<interp inst="OA16840526n10-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n10-1" type="surname" value="Hancocke"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n10-1" type="given" value="William"/>William Hancocke</persName>, is yet alive, and, as he supposed, in
<placeName id="OA16840526-geo-6">
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="OA16840526n10-1 OA16840526-geo-6"/>Warwick Gaol</placeName>; That the Constable, or he that was kill’d, come up, and took hold of Hancocks Bridle, who then discharged a Pistol, and kill’d him; That he himself was very near when it was done, but had no hand in his death.</p>
<p>He consest himself to have been Guilty of Adultery, Fornication, Swearing, Sabbath breaking, and other great Sins, for which he hoped he had repented: He de the ter to pray with him, and after that was ended, he went to the ad desiring the Prayers of all the Spectators, and soon after was truned off When ead, his Body was cut down, and put into a Frame of Iron fitted, as usual in such Cases, afterwards hung up again upon the Gibbet, where it now remains hanging.</p>
<p>
<persName id="OA16840526n12-1">
<interp inst="OA16840526n12-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n12-1" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n12-1" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>Edward Jackson</persName>, a
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="OA16840526n12-1 OA16840526-occupation-1"/>, or other considerable Trader in the City of London, being Indicted at the said Sessions for High-Treason in Clipping the currant Coin of this kingdom, Tryed, and upon positive Evidence found Guilty of the said Indictment, received Sentence to be drawn upon a Stedge to the place of Execution, and there hang’d by the Neck till he was dead.</p>
<p>His Behaviour in
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<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="OA16840526n12-1 OA16840526-geo-7"/>Newgate</placeName> after Sentence, ws continually most lively Expressions of a true Penitent Sinner, spending his Time in Prayer and other Religious Execises, for the most part, Day and Night; and on Sunday the 25th. was very attentive at the Chappel, where Mr. Ordinary preached from that Text of Sacred Scripture, 11th. of St. Matthew’s Gospel, 28th. Verse, Come unto the all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you Rest.</p>
<p>On Monday, the 26th. between Ten and Eleven in Fore-noon, he was brought from Newgate, put into a Stedge, and therein drawn to
<placeName id="OA16840526-geo-8">
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="OA16840526n12-1 OA16840526-geo-8"/>Tyburn</placeName>, Reading and Praying all the way with a loud Voice; the like not known in the memory of man.</p>
<p>When come into the Cart, he spoke to the People with an audible Voice to the effect following, viz. That he was Tryed at the Old-Baily on the 15th. of this month, and found Guilty of Clipping money, &c. That he believed in God, and as he expected Relief and Comfort from Jesus Christ, he was as clear as that Child, (pointing little Child;) That if the Witnesses against him might have been examined apart, they would have been Intrapped; reflecting a little upon the Court; for which he being reproved; he proceeded more moderately, saying, He was taken up in November lat, no Bail would be taken; yet no Indictment being against him, was at the Sessions after Cleared by Proolamation; That the Witnesses against him were then in Newgate, and had noting to say; That had he been afraid of them, he might them have gone away; That they were to dye themselves, but got off, and</p>
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<p>being taken up again, had been prosecuted and hang’d, unless they would peach some others. That if he would have give 3l. they would not have accused him, or served the Lord Chief Justice’s Warrant upon him; That he was not afraid, as concluding his Life was in no danger, because he never either Clipt any himself, or saw others do it; That he would not deny the putting off Four for five Pieces of melted Silver, but he had it of Nickonson; That he had deserved this Death for his sins, and he desired to take Publick Shame to Himself; That he forgave all the World, and dyed in Peace, freely forgiving those who swore falsly against him.</p>
<p>That he had once Hopes the King would have been so merciful to have granted his Pardon; That he had offended God in one thing, in speaking of two or three, by reason he would fain have saved his Life, tho in truth he knew nothing of that kind against any manor was any ways Guilty more than putting off some Filings or Clippings that were melted down, which he conceived the Law did not reach to punish with Death. He said it was a sad thing he must so suffer; That he came of pretty good Parents himself, none of his Family having any Spot amongst them; that he was likewise the Eldest Son, (but twenty eight Years of Age;) That he had married into a good Family; for which reason, he lamented his Disgraceful End. He spoke much more to this Effect. Then Mr. Ordinary Prayed a confiderable time with him, in which he joined, and sung a psalm with great Earnestness and Affection.</p>
<p>Mr. Ordinary said, The Lord fit you for this great Work, which can be done but one, Death giving us a Prospect of Eternity; That he would have him ease his mind; That he hoped he had concealed none of the clippers, or any thing to the prejudice of His Majesties Government: To which Jackson answered, that Mr. Ordinary prest things very home to him, but he could say no more than he had said.</p>
<p>One ask’d him, if he had not put off clip’d money in his Payments; he answered, Yes, he had put off many score Pounds of clip’d money; adding, and so have you put off clip’d money too. The same Person again ask’d if it was not newly clip’d; He said, yes, he believed he had often put off money new clip’d; for he believed, Nickonson clip’d his money frequently, but he himself never clip’d or see it clip’d</p>
<p>Mr. Ordinary then ask’d if he would pray himself; for that he had observed him to pray in newgate with much Zeal and Understanding: Mr. Jackson said, He was almost spent (for indeed he prayed several hours with some Intermissions of other occasional Speeches;) howbeit, he fix’d himself into a more particular Form of Prayer, in the words following:</p>
<p>O Lord most Holy, good and Gracious, Everlasting and Blessed God, how Glorious art thou, Lord God, Thou art a Great God, and a Merciful God, and Thou hast done for me a Thousand times more than I deserved; I confess I have been a great Sinner, done those things I ought not to have done, and left undone what I ought to have done: Lord, help me, strengthen my Faith every minute more and more, those few minutes I have to live, that when my Soul and Body parts, my Soul may ascend up to Heaven; and that he that shed his Blood for Sinners, may make my peace with god. Let my Sins be covered, forsake me not, because of my Sins; I have been a great Sinner, I have offended against thy Holy Laws, I have humbly confect them all.</p>
<p>At this part of his Prayer, he speaking of his Accusers and Indictment, some Interruption was made, and Questions ask’ him.</p>
<p>Also some of the Sheriffs Officers discovering Impatience to have the Ereention dispatched, Jackson said, Lord, Gentlemen, be not so Unkind, I would fain dye it Peace: Then he proceeded in his Prayer.</p>
<p>Lord, for Christ Jesus sake, forgive me all my Sins, I have confest them upon my bended knees; Greant that I may be a warning to others; that they may spend their Sabbath better, walk uprightly and justly, and so nothing contrary to God’d Law: Lord receive my everlasting Soul, Jesus keep me from the Torments of Hell. One thing more I beg, Lord, bless the poor Widow that will be by and by, the Lord raise her Friends, and give her grace to undergo this Trouble. And now I part in Peace, I have repented me of all my Sins, and for Christ Jesus sake enable me with all things necessary the day, concluding this my imperfect Prayer at Christ himself hath taught me--Our Father, &c.</p>
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<p>The Very Words of the PAPER written and delivered by Mr. Jackson, are as fooweth.</p>
<p>
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<interp inst="OA16840526n26-2" type="given" value="John"/>John Nickonson</persName> was my School-fellow about Fifteen Years ago, and was born within Four miles of me; about Three years and an half since be came up to
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<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="OA16840526n26-2 OA16840526-geo-9"/>London</placeName>, and came to me, desiring me to help him to a Place, which I endeavour’d to do all that I could. Atlast be got a Place with
<rs id="OA16840526-occupation-2" type="occupation">Sir</rs>
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<interp inst="OA16840526n26-1" type="given" value="PAUL"/>Paul Neal</persName> in
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<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="OA16840526n26-1 n26-2 OA16840526-geo-10"/>Essex-Buildings</placeName>, with whom be liv’d, as I take it, about Three quarters of a year, I was bound with him for his Honesty in a considerable Sum of money to the said Sir Paul--After be left that Employ, he came to me with a second Application, and, I think, bad no Employment since, only I sent him divers times to receive and pay money for me in City and country.</p>
<p>
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<interp inst="OA16840526n27-1" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n27-1" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>Thomas Martin</persName> was my countrey man, and born about Five miles from me; he often borrow’d money of me, which be sometimes did, and sometimes did not return: I had no great Intimacy with him, only when I saw him, I shew’d him respect for Countreys sake.</p>
<p>As for
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<interp inst="OA16840526n28-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n28-1" type="surname" value="Hickam"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n28-1" type="given" value="Thomas"/>Thomas Hickam</persName>, he was once at my House, and I do not remember that I was ever in his Company above three or four times in my Life.</p>
<p>These three swore that I Clip’d the King’s Coin. My Tryal was on the 15th.Day of May,1684. Now, as I am a Dying a Man, and so have no reason to leave the World with a Lye in my Mouth, I Profess, That I am not Guilty of what they the aforesaid Persons have Sworn against me; viz. That they never saw me Clip Money, not that I never saw any of them Clip Money. As for Nickonson, he has bad several Sums of Money of mine in his Hands; which I do believe he did Clip, but I never saw him do it.</p>
<p>Niconson and Hickam Swore at my Tryal, That they melted Clippings at my House. I remember they came on a Saturday to my House, and desir’d the Privacy of a Room; I ask’d them for what? They replied, For no Harm: So I told them, they may. I went up and down the City about my Business; and it seems they had sent a Porter for a basket of Charcoals. At my Return, they were in the Warehouse, and said, they bad done their Business.</p>
<p>About the latter end of last Summer was two years, Nickonson brought me two pieces of melted Silver, (I think the Goldsmiths call them Pigs or Wedges) which I sold to Mr. Hutchinson, a Goldsmith, at Chelmsford, who was an Evidence at my Tryal that I sold it to him.</p>
<p>Some time after, Nickonson brought me two Pieces more, which I dispos’d of to Mr. Bulleck at the Horse-shove in Cheapside, Goldsmith. Of both these I had some Benefit or Profit for the Disposal. And this is all I was concern’d din; which I declare on the Words of a Dying Man, to be as near Truth as I can remember: and that as to any actual or personal Clipping, or diminishing the King’s Coin, I am as Innocent as the Child in the Mothers Womb.</p>
<p>May 20.1684.
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<interp inst="OA16840526n33-1" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>Edward Jackson</persName>.</p>
<p>POSTSCRIPT.</p>
<p>IT was observable, That after Mr. Jackson had Pray’d himself, he desired Leave of the Ordinary, That another Minister might Pray also; and after that, he desired Mr. Ordinary himself to Pray once more: Both being ended, the Executioner proceeded to do his office; in which Juncture, before the Cart was drawn away, he ed many Heavenly Expressions, with such Passion, Loudness, and Earnestness, that he melted Hundreds of Spectators into Tears.</p>
<p>I Subscribed this Narrative on the 26th.May, 1684.
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<interp inst="OA16840526n36-1" type="given" value="Samuel"/>Samuel Smith</persName>
<rs id="OA16840526-occupation-3" type="occupation">Ordinary</rs>
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<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="OA16840526n36-1 OA16840526-geo-11"/>Newgate</placeName>.</p>
<p>
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<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="OA16840526n37-1 OA16840526-geo-12"/>LONDON</placeName>,Printed by
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<interp inst="OA16840526n37-1" type="surname" value="CROOM"/>
<interp inst="OA16840526n37-1" type="given" value="GEO"/>Geo Croom</persName>, the
<placeName id="OA16840526-geo-13">
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="OA16840526n37-1 OA16840526-geo-13"/>Sign of the Blem Ball</placeName> over against
<placeName id="OA16840526-geo-14">
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="OA16840526n37-1 OA16840526-geo-14"/>Bayward's Castle</placeName> in
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<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="OA16840526n37-1 OA16840526-geo-15"/>Thomas-Street</placeName>.1684.</p> </div0> </body> </text></TEI.2>

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