Joseph Burroughs, Deception > forgery, 27th February 1751.

Reference Number: t17510227-24
Offence: Deception > forgery
Verdict: Guilty
Punishment: Death

214. (L.) Joseph Burroughs , was indicted for forging and publishing a warrant, or order, for payment of 1. l. 10 s. with intent to defraud Sir Joseph Hankey , Knt. and company , Jan. 30 . +

Joseph Chapel Hankey , Esq; [He produces the draught.] This is a draught drawn in the name of Thomas Revil for 1. l. 10 s. the prisoner brought it. When I came to settle accounts with Mr. Revil he denied it, then I examined it more particularly, and look upon it to be extremely well forged; I should have been unwilling to have sworn it was not Mr. Revil's hand-writing.

Q. Did you ever see Mr. Revil write?

Hankey, Esq; No, I never did, but I am well acquainted with his hand writing; the prisoner was taken up for an attempt of the like kind, and he confessed to me he forged this very note for 1 l. 10 s. and also, after that, before the alderman at Guild-hall, and that he had also forged the other two draughts. He said he had no accomplice, saying, he was himself alone.

Q. Did you give him any hopes of mercy to induce him to confess?

Hankey, Esq; No, my lord, I did not ; he had no reasonable expectation of mercy, for he said he knew he should be hang'd.

Q. Was he in liquor?

Hankey, Esq; He had been drinking, but sensible enough.

The note read to this purport.

29 Jan. 1750.

Sir Joseph and Sir Thomas Hankey ,

Pay to Mr. Richard Todd , or bearer 1 l. 10 s. upon account of

1 l. 10 s.

Thomas Revil .

Thomas Cole . I belong to this shop of Sir Joseph Hankey and Company. When Mr. Hankey took this draught of Mr. Christopher Gardiner he shew'd it to me; he observed upon it, it was a very small draught for Mr. Revil to draw, and said it was likely the balance of some account, but I had not at that time any reason to suppose it to be forg'd; it was given up by Mr. Revil, and return'd as not allow'd by him. The prisoner acknowledged it to be a forgery to me several times, and also before Mr. alderman Whitaker, before whom they were all three produced.

Q. Was it a voluntary confession?

Cole. It was, my lord, before so much as a question was asked him. As he saw two or three people coming to him, he said he knew what they

came about, and he knew he should be hang'd for what he had done.

Q. Is the name Thomas Revil like his handwriting?

Cole. It is; I took it to be his writing till it was return'd.

Q. Who were these persons that came to the house which he saw and spoke to?

Cole. Christopher Green, at whose house the prisoner had lodg'd, Mr. Hankey next, and I followed him.

Christopher Green. I live at the crown in St. Catherine's street. The prisoner at the bar came, I think, to lodge at my house on the 19th of Jan. he agreed with me for a room for his wife and two children; he staid 7 days; he owed me about 17 s. 9 d. he said he had got upwards of 40 l. due to him at Mr. Revil's, and being to go abroad, said he was afraid he should go away without it. He brought this note for 1 l. 10 s. desired I'd step with it, and he'd get ready; I was willing to get my money, so went to Sir Joseph Hankey 's with it. I took the money and return'd, and gave it to him; he paid me, and had some more things in my shop. He, his wife, and all went away; his wife came back about 10 o'clock at night, and said she had had a quarrel with her husband; then he came again, and had got 15 or 16 l. pound about him, and said he had took 20 l. of his money, and that he must go out of town, or he should be arrested. He went out, and came again on the Wednesday, and said he had been arrested, and that his charges came to 7 l. more than he then had: he said he'd call in the afternoon, saying, he had got a note for the other 20 l. and if I would step up with that he'd be obliged to me; he said they would ask me some questions, and I must tell them I came from William Perkins . I went with the 20 l. note, then Mr. Hankey came and charged me with it, and told me it was a forgery; I told him I was innocent of the affair, and also gave him directions where the prisoner was to be found, and that he might keep me in custody till they brought him. I was sent with Joseph Chapel Hankey , Esq; and Mr. Cole, we went into the house; I laid hold of him, and he spoke not a word for a good while; at last he own'd the fact, and said he hoped there would be no farther trouble about it, only making the money up again. He own'd to the three draughts and said he had no confederates at all. I heard him own it also at Guild-hall before the alderman.

Q. To Mr. Cole. Who are Sir Joseph Hankey 's partners ?

Cole. Sir Thomas Hankey , Knt. and Joseph Chapel Hankey , Esq; they were in partnership before the date upon the draught.

For the Prisoner.

Sir William Smith . I have known the prisoner since the year 47; he was in my service as second clerk and behaved very honest. I recommended him to Mr. Revil as a person I had a good opinion of. I never, till this charge, heard any thing to his discredit.

William Cook . The prisoner came to Mr. Revil's in April, 1748, and lived with him till Midsummer last; I was his fellow clerk, and I know no dishonesty by him during that time.

There were two other indictments against him for 20 l. each, drawn upon Sir Joseph and Company, but being found guilty, they were not tried.

Guilty Death .


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