William Russel, Violent Theft > highway robbery, Violent Theft > robbery, 15th May 1746.

Reference Number: t17460515-22
Offences: Violent Theft > highway robbery; Violent Theft > robbery
Punishments: Death; Death

219. William Russel , otherwise Saunders , together with Matthias Keys , not yet taken, stands indicted for committing a Robbery upon the King's Highway upon William Spear , and feloniously taking from him one Silver Watch, Value 3 l. &c. the 15th of March .

Q. (to William Spear .) What have you to say against the Prisoner at the Bar?

Spear. Please you, my Lord, on the 15th Day of March last I was going home to Chelsea from London.

Q. What Time of the Day?

Spear. Between Six and Seven o'Clock in the Evening.

Q. Was you on Horseback on on Foot?

Spear. They came up to the Coach of Joseph Danvers, Esq;

Q. Who was in the Coach?

Spear. Joseph Danvers , Esq; and one of his Daughters; it was between the Fire-Engine and the Watch-House.

Q. The Fire-Engine; where?

Spear. In Chelsea Road .

Q. Well, what happen'd there?

Spear. There came a Gentleman-like Man up to the Coachman, and held a Pistol up against him, and bid him stand; and when the Coachman stood, he (the Prisoner) came up to the Window on the Left side; then there was another on the Right-hand Side of the Coach came up.

Q. Then the Person that made the Coachman stop was on the Left Side.

Spear. Yes, my Lord, and the other came to the Right.

Q. Were they on Horseback or on Foot?

Spear. Both on Horseback.

Q. Then what happen'd?

Spear. Him on the Right-hand Side of the Coach demanded my Master's Watch, or he would shoot him.

Q. What were his Words, as near as you can remember ?

Spear. He said, Sir, your Watch, or I will shoot you.

Q. Had he any thing in his Hand.

Spear. A Pistol, my Lord.

Q. What follow'd next?

Spear. Then the other on the other Side demanded of Miss her Watch and Rings, and put his Pistol in at the Window.

Q. Who demanded her Watch and Rings?

Spear. It was one Keys. Master said, I have never a Watch, nor ever had one. Then they stood still; and he on the Left-hand Side of the Coach bid me, I think, look another Way. I did not say any thing to him, but thought of my Watch; and looking down to see if I could see the Seals out, he perceiv'd me, and came up and took my Watch.

Q. What did he say to you?

Spear. He said, if your Master has got never a Watch, I see you have, and I will have it. I said, I hope you will not take mine. Yes, said he, I will, or else I will shoot you.

Q. Do you believe, upon your Oath, that is the Man that took your Watch?

Spear. Yes, my Lord.

Q. How do you know it? how was he dress'd then?

Spear. He was dress'd in darkish Clothes, as near as I can guess.

Q. What Sort of a Horse had he?

Spear. As near as I can guess it was a Bay Horse.

Q. What follow'd after this; after he got your Watch?

Spear. They rode off both towards London.

Q. What Day was this?

Spear. On Saturday, my Lord.

Court. You don't know whether they took any thing from Mr. Danvers or the young Lady in the Coach?

Spear. I did not see them take any thing, my Lord.

Q. Have you got your Watch again?

Spear. Yes, my Lord, I saw that on Monday at Sir Thomas De Veil 's.

Q. How do you know it?

Spear. I know the Mark, Thomas Brown , London; I describ'd the two Seals, I shew'd the Mark within-side, which is not common.

Q. What are the Seals made of?

Spear. One is Steel, the other is Brass.

Q. You lost this on Saturday, how came you to have it again on Monday?

Spear. I read on the Sabbath-Day that a Highwayman was taken; and as I was going to Lincoln's-Inn with my young Master, we heard that a Highwayman was taken up, and we would go and see how it was; and when I came to Sir Thomas De Veil 's he told me of the Watch.

Q. Now look upon the Prisoner, and speak like an honest Man. Do you know that he is the Man?

Spear. Yes, my Lord.

Court. He was before Sir Thomas De Veil .

Spear. Yes, my Lord. Sir Thomas told me when I went first, to come at such a Time and the Prisoner should be there.

Court. Then you went in pursuance of the Notice Sir Thomas De Veil gave you.

Spear. Yes, my Lord.

Q. (to Thomas Brown .) What are you?

Brown. I am an Apprentice to Edward Reynolds of Frith-Street.

Q. What do you know of that Watch?

Brown. Please you, my Lord, the Prisoner at the Bar brought that Watch the 15th of March at Night.

Q. Did you know the Prisoner before?

Brown. Yes.

Q. How came you to know him.

Brown. He brought me a Gold Watch about six Weeks before this?

Q. Did you know where he liv'd?

Brown. No, my Lord.

Q. Was Keys with him?

Brown. Yes, my Lord; but he made his Escape?

Q. What did he say when he brought the Watch to you?

Brown. He ask'd two Guineas and a half for it.

Q. When he brought you this, what did you do?

Brown. I stopt him; for the next Day after he brought the Gold Watch it was advertis'd, I look'd at it that he might have no Suspicion that I would stop him. I bid him a Guinea and a half for it; there was nobody at home, my Master was not

within. I told him my Master was just by, and may be he would let him have more.

Q. Then when you went out what then?

Brown. I went to one Mr. Pardy just by, and I told him the Case; he came along with me, and went for some Assistance; when I came back again, they had some Suspicion, and I met Keys at the Door; he asked me whether I had found my Master; I said, no, I had been at one Place, and I would go to another; and he said, D - n your B - d, give me the Watch: (I had it in my Pocket to shew it to my Master) I said, I had not got it, I had left it. He said again, D - n you, give me the Watch: With that he put his Hand in his Pocket, and turned himself on one Side; I saw him turn himself, and I whipt across the Way: Upon that the Person I went for, came up. Keys call'd after me, and he went in and call'd the Prisoner at the Ear, and when he came out, the Person caught him in his Arms, and the other made his Escape.

Q. Are you sure this is the Man?

Brown. I have seen him two or three Times; he brought me a Gold Watch; and I know that is the Watch, I have had it in my Custody for six Weeks.

Q. Are you sure this is the Watch?

Brown. Yes, my Lord, by the particular Marks.

Court. You have behav'd extremely well, you deserve Commendation.

Q. (to the Prisoner) Now is your Time to make your Defence.

Prisoner. In regard to the Watch the young Man that I was in Company with, desir'd me to go with him to pledge it, he not being used to the Town?

Q. What is he?

Prisoner. He was a Vintner, but not in Town.

Q. What are you?

Prisoner. I liv'd with one Mr. Miller, Attorney, in Hare Street, Piccadilly.

Court. I suppose your Master is here, or some of your Friends?

Prisoner. He (the young Man I mention'd before) desir'd I would pledge this Watch; he went off as the young Man had said before. I can't say but I had heard something of his Character before; I doubted he came by it in a clandestine Manner. I went to make my Escape, but I was taken into Custody.

Q. Have you any Witnesses?

Prisoner. I have no further Witness than the young Man that brought the Watch.

Death .

William Russell was a second Time indicted for assaulting , and feloniously stealing one Silver Watch, Value 4 l. and putting him in Corporal Fear and Danger of his Life , the 15th of December .

Q. (to William Macdore ) What have you to say against the Prisoner?

Macdore. I believe this is the Man that robb'd my cousin of his Watch at Mims, four Miles beyond Barnet, a Quarter before Four o'Clock in the Afternoon, at Mims Wosh; there were two Men upon two brown Horses came past us in the Wash.

Q. Well, when they came past you, what then ?

Macdore. They came up to us, one took hold of my Cousin's Bridle, and the other came up to me, so they robb'd my cousin of a Silver Watch and Three Guineas.

Q. How do you know that he lost any Thing?

Macdore. I was in Company with him, and saw it. I believe the Prisoner was the Man, but I can't swear it.

Q. That Watch you are sure was the Watch that was taken?

Macdore. Yes, the other Man that attacked me I refused; the Man that robbed my Cousin he said, D - n the Dog, shoot him.

Q. When did you see the Watch again when it was taken in December ? how came you to see it?

Macdore. It was advertis'd; it was at Col: De Veil's; he had also the Key of my Cousin's Bags. The Watch I know, I have had it in my Hand many Times

Q. What is your Cousin's Name?

Macdore. His Name is Macone.

Q. (to the Prisoner. Will you ask him any Questions ?

Prisoner. No, my Lord, I know nothing of him.

Q. (to Abraham Biby . What have you to say against the Prisoner?

Biby. The Prisoner at the Bar, the 27th of December last, pledged this Watch to me.

Q. How do you know that this is the Man?

Biby. I know he lived in the same Street with Mr. Miller, who is now moved into Hare Street.

Q. What did he say when he brought it?

Biby. He said I need not look at it, for it was the same Watch that we had last Summer, which he redeemed. I lent him the Money, which was Two Guineas.

Q. I would ask you whether 'tis the same Watch?

Biby. No, my Lord, I can't tell that.

Court. Then you don't know but it may?

Biby. Since he has been under Consinement. I went down to him, but he would make no Confession, but said that it was his own Watch.

Jonathan Hollier . I made this Watch.

Q. For whom, and when?

Hollier. I can't directly say, but I believe within these two Years.

Thomas Nightingale . I bought this Watch of Mr. Hollier, and sold it to Mr. Macone about two Years ago.

Q. What did you sell it for?

Nightingale. About five Guineas.

Q. (to Russel.) What do you say for youself ?

Russel. That Watch I had made me a Present of by a young Man that lived at my Lord Dunkeith's, who I believe is gone out of Town.

Death .


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