Jeremy Cray, Violent Theft > highway robbery, 16th January 1729.

Reference Number: t17290116-29
Offence: Violent Theft > highway robbery
Verdict: Guilty
Punishment: Death

Jeremy Cray , of St. Leonard's Shoreditch , was indicted for assaulting John Benson , Esq ; on the Highway (in a Hackney Coach, in the Road leading to Hackney) putting him in Fear, and taking from him a silver Watch, value twenty Shillings, and eight Shillings in Money , on the 4th of December last.

The Prosecutor depos'd, That on the 4th of December last, about six of the Clock at Night, or a Quarter after, a Man on Horseback came up to the Coach, in which he then was, with others; that he presented a Pistol at him, and demanded his Money; that he gave him eight Shillings, and the Prisoner said, He would have more Money or Money's Worth; that another Person in the Coach gave him Money, and he himself gave him his Watch; that it was a clear Moon Light Night, but his Surprise was so great, he could not be positive the Prisoner was the Person; yet he did verily believe it was he, for he kept him so far in his Memory, as to distinguish him from several others in New-Prison, where he was carry'd on another Occasion; and that he remembered the Horse on which he rode, when the Robbery was committed, which was of a bay Colour, and carry'd his Tail very well; and he likewise distinguish'd the Horse from others since in a Stable, without being directed to it, and he could also remember that the Person had on a Fustian Coat with close Sleeves.

Thomas Fouch depos'd, That he being the Coachman, and the Prisoner riding up close to the Coach, and being on the highest Ground, could remember him very well, and was positive he was the Person who did the Robbery; that he had seen him in New-Prison since, and was sure it was he, and could likewise remember the Horse on which he rode. He said, That when the Prisoner first came to the Coach, he did not apprehend he design'd to rob the Passengers, yet he saw him ride at the Head of the Horses swearing, which he thought was for the Way; but he soon rode close up to him, and holding a Pistol, swore, D - n his B - d, he had a good Mind to shoot him, for not standing still; that he then stopp'd, and the Passengers let down the Sashes of the Coach, when he robb'd them, and commanded him to drive on, which he did but the Prisoner not contented, made him

drive faster, and then he set his Horse to the Gallop, and rode towards the Town, the Fact being done three or four Stones Cast from Shoreditch Church.

Hannah Edmonds depos'd. That she was in the Coach, and took Notice of his being pitted with the Small-Pox, and of his wearing his own Hair, and she was sure the Prisoner was the Person who did the Robbery.

John Buckley depos'd, That the Prisoner hir'd a Horse of him, on the 2d of December, such a one as was described before by the Prosecutor, and the Coachman; that he was anxious for the Horse, till the 4th, and then about Seven at Night, he was sent Home again.

George Buckley depos'd, That he was at his Brother's, when the Horse came Home about Seven, and was there when Mr. Benson said, That was the Horse on which the Person rode who robb'd him.

Benjamin Bowcock depos'd, That the Prisoner put up the Horse at his House, the Nag s-Head-Inn, in White-Chappel, for two Nights, he riding out in the Day Time. That on the 4th of December, he order'd his Servant should not let him go, till he had paid for the Keeping of the Horse; that he left his great Coat in Pledge, and that it appear'd, (on the Day the Robbery was committed) Mr. Buckley, by Inquiry, had heard of his Horse's being at his House, brought a Warrant for apprehending the Prisoner, suspecting that he design'd to defraud him of his Horse. That between Seven and Eight that Night, the Prisoner return'd to pay for his Horse's Time, and relieve his Coat, when this Deponent secur'd him, and said, He had a Warrant for him, for riding away with Mr. Buckley's Horse, when he said, He had sent the Horse Home by a Porter.

Thomas Cordwell depos'd, That he being a Servant at Mr. Bowcock's, stopp'd the Prisoner when he return'd on the 4th of December, as aforemention'd, and that searching him, he found in his Pocket, a Pistol loaded, with Powder and Ball, and prim'd; he likewise said, That the Prisoner then had on a Fustian Frock, with close Sleeves, as describ'd by Mr. Benson.

He utterly deny'd the Fact upon his Defence, and brought one Richard Weston , a Porter, whom he employ'd to carry the Horse Home, who depos'd, That he received the Horse from the Prisoner, before Six a Clock on the 4th of December; but as this Deponent was caught in several idle Tales, his Evidence was of little use to the Prisoner; other Witnesses gave him a good Character, but this Fact appearing plain against him, the Jury found him Guilty of the Indictment. Death .


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